vendredi 4 mai 2018

Ethiopia/ Ancient Greece: Aesop, the Father of the Fables was an African.

But who was Aesop?

Born in Nubia between VII and VI century B.C., he is taken to Phrygia where he is sold as a slave. In other words, Aesop was an African. According to Plutarch, Aesop is a former stave slave with a particularly ungrateful physical. After having dreamed that Fortune loosened his tongue, he awakened one day, cured of his stuttering. Purchased by a slave trader, he arrived in the home of a philosopher of the island of Samos named Xanthius, with whom his vivacity of mind and his ability to solve the enigmas would have allowed him to regain his freedom. He would have taken advantage of his new freedom by traveling, from Egypt to Babylon (present-day Iraq), before returning to Asia Minor at the court of Croesus, Sardis, then capital of Lydia, also frequented by the man of Athenian state Solon, one of the Seven Sages of Greece, with whom he would have spoken. He puts his talent at the service of the king of Babylon who rejoices in his enigmas. Charged by Croesus, to bring offerings to the temple of Delphi, he reveals the frauds committed by the priests of Apollo. They avenge themselves by accusing him of stealing a gold cup dedicated to God. He is judged and condemned to be precipitated from the Hyampean rock, the year 564 BC. J.-C .. After his death, the misfortune, it is said, falls on Delphi and its inhabitants. This is what the Chevalier Lestrange tells us about him: “We must believe Planude, Camerarius, and a few others, Aesop was born at Ammorius, a town in Great Phrygia. There are some who do Thracin, others Samian. He was a slave and the most deformed of all men. He had a pointed head, a flat nose, and fat lips; he was hunchbacked in front and behind”. He had a prodigious belly, turtled legs, and the tanned complexion that gave rise to his name, because Aesop and Ethiopian are the same thing. The term Ethiopian means in Greek "face burned by the sun", it is thus that the Greeks named in antiquity all the people having the skin "black". The collection, which today is called Aesop, is a compilation, consisting of prose paraphrases of the fables of Babrius, which was established in the eleventh century. His writings were to strongly influence the literature of the West; they inspired Jean de la Fontaine, Phaedrus, Avianus, and many others. The 358 fables of Aesop, collected by Demetrius of Phaleron, are part of the culture of the Indo-European peoples and undoubtedly represent the collection of fables most read literature. Jean De La Fontaine acknowledges it: "I sing the heroes of which Aesop is the father, Troupe of whom the story, although false, Contains truths which serve as lessons". Yet from the African origin of Aesop, it does not speak much: it is an information that is not mentioned in the courses of French and Literature; information that even teachers do not know ... In his book Austere's Country, Condition, Figure, and Spirits, Maxime Planude, grammarian and philologist of the 13th century, wrote about Aesop: "Many great men have endeavored to examine the nature of human things, and the causes of revolutions, to instruct posterity. It seems, when one considers the wisdom and good sense that shines in the works of Aesop, that he was divinely inspired, to give to men so many precepts of morality, so beautiful and so useful, and which surpass infinitely all those whom the greatest philosophers had hitherto given”.
-Weiss Charles, Biographie universelle
(Universal Biography), 1841.
-Litchfild West Martin, La Fable : huit exposés suivis de
discussions (The Fable: eight presentations followed by discussions), Hardt Foundation, Geneva, 1984.
-Carl Karl and Vandendorpe, La fable : Vade-mecum du professeur de français
  (The Fable: Vademecum of the French teacher), Didier Hatier, Brussels-Paris, 1993.
-Jouano Corinne, Vie d’Ésope : livre du philosophe Xanthos et de son esclave Ésope : du mode de vie d'Ésope
(Life of Aesop: book of the philosopher Xanthos and his slave Aesop: of the way of life of Aesop, Les Belles Lettres, Paris, 2006.
-Chambery Emile, Esope : Fables  (Aesop: Fables),
Les Belles lettres, Paris, 2006.
-Thuram Lilian, Mes étoiles noires : de Lucy à Barack Obama
  (My black stars: from Lucy to Barack Obama, Philippe Rey, Paris, 2010.
-Esope, Fables,
Flammarion, Paris, 2014.
-Lacarrière Jacques, Les fables d’Esope : Suivies d’un essai sur le symbolisme des fables
  (Aesop's Fables: Followed by an essay on the symbolism of fables), Albin Michel, Paris, 2016.
-The Tortoise and the hare
, Animated Short, by Harryhausen, U.K., 2002.

lundi 29 janvier 2018

Cameroon / France: When the late Johnny Halliday strikes an African Minister!

"There is no room for Yéyé behavior! "

In 1969, reacting to the brutal behavior of Johnny Halliday vis-à-vis the Central African Minister of Public Service on May 10, 1968 at the Independence Hotel in Yaoundé.
         President Ahmadou Ahidjo advised by the French professor Jean-Français Bayart, reacted vigorously to the single party activists: It is "the sign of an unsuitable youth, embittered by the feeling of its uselessness, of its non-participation in the building its own future, " he continues in front of single party activists.
         The Cameroonian administration reacted immediately by expelling the same manu militari, the French rocker who soaked alcohol had provoked a brawl and administered a beating to the Central African Minister on official mission. Despite this incident, the French singer had given his version of the incident to AFP: "A guy that I obviously could not know said unpleasant things about us, especially because we have long hair. He jostled me. I protested. Then he grabbed me by tearing my polo shirt. "
The rocker canceled his concert but assured: "I will not want the Cameroonian people. "
         The idol of the young French had just made a strong enemy: the father of the independence of Cameroon Ahmadou Ahidjo!
         He even has the honors of a diplomatic telegram from the French Embassy in Yaoundé, found by the authors of the book "Kamerun!” In the archives of Jacques Foccart, head of the Africa cell of the Elysee, where still sits for a few months Charles de Gaulle. Mr. Smet, says fanciful singer Johnny Hallyday, caused a scandal.

Hallyday will never die. 

         He can not do it. He has been part of the landscape of French popular culture for so long - his multiple marriages, his political anger and worries about his state of health constitute a national saga not far removed from the hottest Latin American telenovelas - that its death would be a disaster and mark the end of an era. 

What would we do without Johnny?

         If Johnny were to hang up his guitar for good, he would leave a gaping void and no American legend could replace him. Because nobody can do as kitsch as Johnny, absolute king of the ¬ringardise. If there is one area in which the French are really good, this is it.
         In 1994, during the genocide of the Tutsi in Rwanda, the radio Milles collines broadcast continuously his song "The doors of the penitentiary"! Johnny Halliday had "lit the fire" of hell without ever setting fire to Rwanda! The main Rwandan Hutu genocidants fled to Cameroon with the complicity of France !!

The former idol of young people has just released his audience.

A first in a career almost sixty years old!

mercredi 22 novembre 2017

CHAD: The Infernal Circle of Bad Governance.

Recently, Chad managed to raise over $ 20 billion for a National Development Plan, while it was expecting $ 7 billion only
The goal of this plan is to reduce poverty and drive development. However, will these funds that will be collected contribute to the development of the country or is it a counterpart of geopolitical services that Idriss Deby will give to Westerners?

"Vision 2030, the Chad we want"

         Since 2003, Chad has initiated two National Poverty Reduction Strategy Papers (N.P.R.S. 1 and 2), four National Development Plans (P.N.D. 2003-2006, P.N.D. 2008-2011, P.N.D. 2013-2015 and P.N.D. 20017-2021). To this must be added the P.N.Ds 2022-2026 and 2027-2030 contained in the document "Vision 2030, the Chad we want", for which, it will still be necessary to raise funds. These documents, which were supposed to pave the way for harmonious development, proved to be fiascos. Worse, they were opportunities for enrichment for the rulers, without any real impact on the lives of the Chadian people.

According to the I.D.H. the country ranks 186th out of 188 in 2016.

         In fact, the country ranks 186th out of 188 countries according to the 2016 Human Development Index. In addition, only 52% of the population has access to drinking water compared to 3% of the population to electricity according to the Bank. African Development. More than 3.7 million people are food insecure in 2016 according to the Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs. Certainly, progress is being made in the field of infrastructures. But, they do not obey the standards of achievement because the owner is required to wet the beard of a whole chain of command.

Fiasco of the elitist approach to development!

         The failure of Development Strategies and Plans is linked to the adoption of a "top-down" approach to development. Elitist approaches therefore, disconnected from the real needs of the people "from below"; irresponsible because of lack of transparency and accountability, favoring the bureaucrat over the entrepreneur. But only the latter can create wealth and jobs. Also, with such a dirigiste approach of the economy, one could only create corruption, mismanagement, rent instead of creating businesses, wealth and jobs. In other words, the donors, in addition to the dictatorship bonus, give a premium to bad governance and bad economic policies.

Nepotism, corruption and tribalisation of the administration.

         Nepotism, corruption, mismanagement, the "tribalisation" of the administration, ..., are the evils that undermine the Chadian state. The country ranks 40th out of 59 African countries and 159th out of 176 countries according to the Transparency International 2O16 ranking. In addition, the 2016 Mo Ibrahim index, which assesses governance, ranks the country 51st out of 54 countries. In his report, "Chad S.A", the NGO SWISSAID, clearly castigates the patrimonial management of oil revenues. The country has garnered more than $ 13 billion in oil revenues since 2003. Yet, 50% of the population still lives below the poverty line. The reason is that "Deby would have made Chad a true family S.A."

Chad became the "Déby S.A."

         Finally, Chad is one of the countries where the business climate remains the most hostile in Africa, thus discouraging entrepreneurship. The Doing Business 2017 Index credits the country 48th out of 53 African countries, while according to the Fraser Institute's Economic Freedom Index, Chad is ranked among the 11 countries on the continent that repress economic freedom. If Chad is a failing state, how then explain the enthusiasm of the Western partners who continue to bet on the soldier-Deby?

The West needs the soldier  Idriss Déby!

         The strong infatuation of donors is explained by the importance that Chad represents in their security and power projection device. Thus, as part of the fight against terrorism, Chad is at the forefront with its contingents in Mali, Nigeria and Cameroon. In addition, about 3,000 Chadian soldiers are expected to participate in the G5 Sahel force, 5,000 are engaged in the Multinational Joint Task Force (M.N.J.T.F.) in the fight against the Boko Haram sect. 1150 operate in Mali within the framework of MI.N.U.S.M.A.. The country has also intervened in the Central African Republic as part of peacekeeping operations.

Strategic ally in the fight against terrorism and immigration.

These soldiers who should be used to ensure the safety of the people have become, in a way, a means of blackmail and exchange to drain donations and funding. President Idriss Déby Itno demonstrated this during his interview with the journalists of Radio France Internationale, on the "International" show, threatening to withdraw his forces in the fight against terrorism, if his Western partners did not come to him. help. The strong mobilization for the financing of this P.N.D. therefore responds to the logic of preserving a strategic ally in the fight against terrorism.
         As regards the fight against illegal immigration, Chad is one of the transit countries of migrants. Cooperation with France in the context of securing borders to fight against migrants is under way. Migrant sorting centers (hotspots) are envisaged as part of this cooperation. The country therefore benefits from a rent linked to its geographical position. To get funding, he agrees to do the thankless work.

Strategic subcontracting against bad governance and economic malpractices.

         At the military-strategic level, many initiatives are based on the country's positioning. The operational command of the Barkhane Force, the Headquarters of the Multinational Joint Task Force of the L.C.B.C., is in Chad. The country is part of the U.S. anti-terrorism (T.S.C.T.P.), it houses a French base of projection and attack that are advanced positions for indirect control of the country. Chad therefore provides strategic outsourcing to the Powers while sacrificing the supreme interests of the Chadian people. The country will offer its services to these powers, in return, we will close our eyes to the abuses, financial and economic malpractices. The big loser in this haggling is the Chadian people.
         In short, the N.D.P. can only benefit the Chadian people if the donors make funding conditional on true democratization and good governance. Otherwise, the funding will only strengthen President Déby's hold on the country by giving him even more means to enslave his people.

Alfred Ndegoto, Chadian researcher. Article published in collaboration with Libre Afrique, published in Info-Afrique on October 2, 2017

lundi 6 novembre 2017


Dear Sponsor,
Dear Financial contributor,

         I cordially invite you to help finance the publication and promotion of the first African Biographical Dictionary. Whoever you are, wherever you are, this call concerns you!
         This "Biographical Dictionary of Africans"
is in legal deposit at the Swiss National Library, the Royal Library of Belgium and the National Library of the D. R. of Congo and will be self-published on the Amazon / Kindle digital platform. The first edition in paperback format was published in 2012 in Brussels and had a volume of 855 pages. The dictionary currently contains 3,630 updated and corrected biographies representing more or less 4,000 pages (including pictures). I intend to publish it in a downloadable paper format and in a purely digital format.
         Your financial contribution, whatever the amount, proves that you have at heart the quality of the story you want to transmit to your contemporaries and especially to your own offspring! This is the way we teach them our story, that they will pass it on as our legacy to future generations. And it is thanks to your generosity that this fair, equitable, responsible and safe transmission will be made possible. Your contribution, however modest, will have the value of an immeasurable investment. In addition, it will allow me to apply to the book an unbeatable price. Like the Talent of which Jesus Christ speaks in the New Testament, yours will be multiplied to infinity and will be returned to you a hundredfold. Whenever a user or a reader will consult the Dictionary biographical of Africans, it will be in the process of fructifying the "Talent" which you will have given to build this WEB portal. And every time the Dictionary gets bigger, you will say to yourself: "It is thanks to my voluntary contribution that this dictionary improves and serves me as well as thousands of other WEB users around the world ".

         Perhaps you will have your place one day, if you are not already there! If you have your entry, you will be even better known and recognized. So, what you have generously donated is a hundredfold every moment!

         The Biographical Dictionary of Africans responds to an essential need for thorough knowledge of the landmarks of African history. To be understood, the story uses illuminating tags throughout its course. These tags are often, without their knowledge, personalities whose biographies I have chosen to detail.
         These personalities are not only bridges between generations, but are true lighthouses for future generations. When they are not lighthouses, they shine in the sky like stars that brighten the monotony of the time they live. Sometimes they pass very quickly like comets that mark history or shooting stars that see a minority of observers.Whether they attract our sympathy or arouse the antipathy of the majority of us, they become our benchmarks or references.
Whether they deserve the pedestal, the purgatory or the gallows of history, they remain essential and mark our destiny forever.
         Paul Valery said "There is only one man left to think of his name, and the works that make this name a sign of admiration, hatred or indifference".
         Thus, the political history of the Democratic Republic of Congo can hardly be written without reference to Patrice Emery Lumumba or his anti-thesis Joseph Désiré Mobutu. How would one tell the history of South Africa by failing to talk about Nelson Mandela?
         Blaise Compaoré's longevity in power has scarcely succeeded in erasing the swift passage into power of his fiery comrade Thomas Sankara, now a hero and father of Burkina Faso. Understanding the evolution of African history is essential to understand that of the world in which it occupies a place of choice.
         By participating in its sustainability and its dissemination, you will have made a gesture out of all proportion to the amount of your financial participation. As I have included everyone without distinction of race, origin, religion, sex, age, culture, etc ..., I expect that you too, give you without exclusiveness, as you order your
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By giving you my bank details below, please send me your address to thank you in return.
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samedi 4 novembre 2017

The Chimeric vaccine "curative" against V.I.H./.S.I.D.A. of Drs Lurhuma Zirimwabagabo André (R.D.C.) and Daniel Zagury Shawfik (Egypt).

Lurhuma André: Ordinary youth, classical training.

Born at Bukavu in the province of South Kivu, he attended primary and secondary school in this town. With a scholarship, he obtained a doctorate in medicine at the Catholic University of Louvain and specializes in Immunology. He becomes a professor at the University of Kinshasa. First Zairian immunologist, he became head of department of internal medicine, then director of University Clinics of Kinshasa. He conducts research on Trypanosomiasis, Tuberculosis, Malaria and especially Cancer. As soon as V.I.H./S.I.D.A appeared in Kinshasa in 1983, he developed a rapid test to detect H.I.V. in H.I.V.-positive people.

The mirage of the healing vaccine "Mubarak / Mobutu 1"

         Dr. Daniel Zagury Shawfik, Egyptian doctor, professor at the University Marie Curie of Paris was a friend of the American professor Robert Charles Gallo with whom he had written his thesis in immuno-virology between 1987 and 1990.
         A few months later the Congolese musician Luambo Makiadi "Franco" released in collaboration with Sam Mangwana, the song "Attention na S.I.D.A" which challenges the African and World Society. Alas, he was a victim of this pandemic on October 12, 1989.
         In December 1994, Dr. Zagury met in Kinshasa, Dr. André Lurhuma Zirimwabagabo, professor at University Clinics in Kinshasa and director of the Center for Medical Research. He suggests that he prepare together a preventive vaccine against V.I.H./S.I.D.A. But Zairian begins with research on a curative vaccine. They go to the hospital to take blood samples from the H.I.V. on two affected patients. The Egyptian reports them to the Parisian laboratory. He separates white blood cells that he processes with formaldehyde to inactivate the A.I.D.S. virus. The first A.I.D.S. vaccine was born according to Zagury. He returns the inactivated virus to Dr. Zirimwabagabo L. who obtains permission from the Department of Health to inject this inactivated virus into two patients.
         Dr. Z. Lurhuma reassures Dr. Zagury Shawfik, "All is well, one of the two patients even left the hospital to go to work."

"A news of a nature to overthrow Africa and the world".

         The next day, Zairian immunizes eight other patients whose results will never be known. This does not prevent Dr. Zirimwabagabo from moving to the manufacture of a vaccine candidate by inserting the gene that encodes the V.I.H. envelope protein (called GP160) plays a determining role in cell infection, because it allows the virus to bind to the target cell receptors, an essential step for the virus to enter the cells and multiply there. The genetic construction is carried out in the United States by Dr. Bernard Moos, of the National Institutes of Health (N.I.H.) and addressed to Zagury. This is a classic method that pose in scientific arguments.
         Dr. Zagury, who is H.I.V.-negative, agrees to receive this preventive vaccine. Thirty days after being injected by this vaccine candidate, he produced neutralizing antibodies. Several other public health doctors, as well as patients, had agreed to receive the vaccine candidate. Apart from this experience, he decided to continue the experiments in Zaire.

A fatal ethical omission and a "scientifically" unacceptable secret!

In 1987, the journal "Nature" presents his results, including his own immunization and data obtained in Zaire.
         In the presentation of his data, Dr. Zagury fails to mention that tests were carried out in Zaire in nine children aged two to twelve whose fathers died from S.I.D.A. and the mothers were infected by the V.I.H .. To justify himself, he claims that he got the green light from the Zairian Ethics Committee! Which committee? What scientific ethics?
         As soon as he learns, Dr Bernard Moos, of the American Health Authorities (N.I.H.) who carried out the vaccine construction and provided significant quantities to Dr. Shawfik Zagury is quick to point out that he produced them for animal experiments and not for human trials. Especially since Dr. Lurhuma had just claimed that the virus H.I.V. was mainly transmitted to contacts of foreign persons or abroad. One of his great wrongs was to absolutely keep secret the formula of his remedy at the moment when all the pharmaceutical companies are riveted on the Pandemic!
         In the United States, critics become harsh and even violent. The Mobutu regime is at the bottom of the scale and this fake vaccine affair gives the American press the opportunity to make fun of Zaire. He becomes virtually the author of a bad hoax of which he is accustomed. The "Wall Street Journal" writes, "It's like a brave B-movie, but it pays nothing."
In December 1988, the "Los Angeles Times" speaks squarely of fraud of which Dr. Lurhuma is entirely guilty. In Paris, the newspaper "Le Monde" title on "The dangers of wild trials".
         In the scientific community, opinions are divided. It is obvious that this pioneering work, carried out in a country with no expertise in the field of clinical studies and with a vaccine whose qualification is far from meeting international standards, poses problems of medical ethics.

"If A.I.D.S. existed, Bomboko ** would already be dead, is not it, doctor?" then joking Mobutu!

         Furious at the American reaction, President Mobutu, who had helped finance Professor Lurhuma's work and hoped to gain some prestige, would have ordered seropositive soldiers to vaccinate themselves at M.M.1. and serve as guinea pigs. No scientific journal had the courage to follow the results.
         Despite the harsh criticism of the American Press, Dr. Daniel Zagury Shawfik was the star of the third conference on the V.I.H./S.I.D.A. in Washington in June 1987. In the evening of November 1987, at the Zaire Trade Center (C.C.I.Z.), Dr. Lurhuma and Zagury were welcomed as heroes. Dr. Lurhuma spoke first: "We have just developed a treatment for S.I.D.A. called Mr.M.1, from the names of our two respective heads of state, Mr. Mobutu and Mr. Mubarak. The results of the first tests allow us to hope that an inexpensive remedy will be quickly put on the market ".

         Four years later in 1991, at the Saint-Antoine hospital in Paris, three patients with S.I.D.A. in the terminal phase have died following the injection of a vaccine virus preparation given by Dr. Zagury. Meanwhile, Mobutu offers Dr. Lurhuma a beautiful villa at Mandariniers Avenue 4, at Kinshasa/Gombe, as a reward for his "brilliant" discovery.

From the formal prohibition of the vaccine to the stigma of its authors!

Professor Luc Antoine Montagnier, discoverer of S.I.D.A. in 1983, wrote: "The administration of preparations containing potentially infectious vaccinia virus to seropositive subjects should be suspended", vaccinia is a dangerous virus in immunocompromised individuals. In 1992, the doctor  Zagury is found not guilty by France.
         In Kinshasa, the vaccine that took the name of Mobutu-Mubarak 1 (M.M.1.) becomes a subject of mockery. The two doctors Egyptian and Zairian become subject of taunt. A very popular French beer then in Kinshasa brand "Castel" is translated by: "C
ure anti AIDS Tested and Experienced by Lurhuma". The episode of M.M.1. was a snub for Mobutu until his death in September 1997. While denying the existence of A.I.D.S., he had to deplore the death of A.I.D.S. of his eldest son Niwa Mobutu Jean-Paul in September 16 1994. His younger son Kongulu Mobutu, also dead of A.I.D.S., followed him on  September, 24, 1998.
         Become the laughingstock of Radio-Sidewalk in Kinshasa, Dr. André Zirimwabagabo Lurhuma died unexpectedly in Kinshasa on June 1, 1995. A foundation that bears his name, created in 1996 by his friend, the former Minister of Foreign Affairs
, Mushobekwa Kalimba wa Katana (1943-2004) in Kinshasa is administered by his son Patrick Lurhuma ... while the Catholic University of Bukavu (U.C.B.) created in November 1989 in Karhale has quickly erase his name from the medical laboratory that had once worn him proudly.
** Justin-Marie Bomboko Lokumba Iselenge (1928-2014), Congolese politician, hot rabbit, occupied almost all prestigious positions in the Democratic Republic of Congo since 1960.

-NGANGURA Mweze (ex D.), MM1 and the AIDS VACCINE. the discovery of MM1 by Dr. Lurhuma of the University of Kinshasa, Documentary.
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jeudi 5 octobre 2017

Democratic Republic of Congo: What rationality behind the refusal to leave power?

The topical issue that is corroding the minds of the Congolese population and the Euro-American lobbies is why Kabila and the tenors of the regime want to retain power and refuse any proposal that would force them to yield power. The justifications are many and deserve attention.

Explanation 1: A.F.D.L. regime = military regime.

         In my opinion, the first explanation that justifies the suicidal attitude of Kabila and all those around him is the military character of the A.F.D.L. regime. Indeed, when the A.F.D.L. came to power in 1997, it conquered power by force of arms and not by democratic means. In essence, this "liberation" is based on a power that is defined as military and which, progressively and cleverly, will be structured around the control of the army, the police, the security services, democratic institutions (Senate, National and Provincial Assemblies, Justice and C.E.N.I.), the international community, of corruption as the only means of reward those who animate and protect the regime, the impunity and immunity that tetanizes the entire judicial system of the country, voluntarily transforming this space into Far-West without Sheriff and a false promise to reform the institutions and democratize the diet. The “Afdelian power” has never been a civil power or sought to become one. And contrary to the false impressions of a desire to "civilize" through truncated elections, the reforms military, police, security services, the justice, etc., the Afdelian power has cleverly hidden complicity of the Euro-American lobbies, its permanent refusal to promote a civil power as an alternative to its military power. Moreover, in the deep world of the Afdelian power, the slogan remains: "tozuaki yango na mbuma, bakozua yango na buma", we mean "we have conquered it by the force of cannon; we shall only be taken back by the force of the cannon. " Dreamers are all those who, both national and foreign, speak of "the peaceful transition of
governance "in this context!

Explanation 2: fear of losing everythin.g

         The second explanation for the refusal to leave power is the protection of the fortunes accumulated by the regime's tenors during the 18 years of power. Leaving power; is to put at risk the assets accumulated during these years of reign. This is not only true for the President and his family. This situation is also of concern to all those around him who came to power
empty hands and leave the pockets full to the detriment of
the whole nation. Fear of the revival of the Office of poory acquired goods (O.B.E.M.A.). is real as if to say that it does not happen to others. This undoubtedly explains all the debates on the guarantees to be offered to the current President and his the protection of all such property. To this fear of being dispossessed of all its assets, one must add the permanent anxiety caused by future investigations that mark this disrespectful power of human rights. In this world where victims know their rights and can beat for several years for justice to be done, the parliamentary immunities are very weak in the face of the criminal law.
Like yesterday, in the time of Mobutu, during his last moments of power, the nights of those who have to leave power are haunted
by the shadows of odious crimes against humanity, numerous illicit trafficking in weapons and raw materials, ignoble assassinations of journalists and other human rights activists, unacceptable acts of corruption, embezzlement, rape, desecrates the life-giving woman of our future generations, etc. It is also at this particular moment that the victims of numerous atrocities and justice restore faces to the many affairs that have enamelled these tumultuous years in power.
The nights of the last days in power are nights nightmares haunted by faces and other groans that have the names: Chebeya, Bazana, Franck Ngykie and his wife, Bapua Muamba, Serge Maheshe, Didas Namujimbo, Munzihirwa, Kataliko, Mbuja Mabe, Mamadou Ndala, Bahuma, Boteti, Tungulu, victims of Operation Likofi, heroes and heroines from 16 February 1992, from 19 to 21 January 2015, Beni, Butembo, Kasai, Kongo Central, Upper Katanga and many others.

Explanation 3: Anger against sponsors of all kinds and
all origins.

         The effort at this stage of this reflection is to do as
theater: entering the heads of those who must abandon everything in order to living a new life where no one clearly determines the
contours. In all the speeches of the moment, those who leave
the power to read only hypothetical titles: "Father of democracy", "being rare and appearing only every 25 years", "status of old political sage like Mandela and so many others", "parliamentary immunities" ; "There is a life after the presidency", etc.
         But in all these beautiful speeches, no one defines, with precision, the outlines of this life. No one tells you that this life resembles that after the death of a Christian. Indeed, heaven as political life settled after the mandate are dependent on the life we ​​have led here or during our mandate at the head of the State! Heaven is like a peaceful end of mandate! Who can leave 18 years of juicy power with only guarantees of the false metaphors of those to whom one has delivered his country and sacrificed all his youth?
         At the end of this reign, there is an aftertaste of treason, abandonment and desire for vengeance. There is a refusal to die alone because it is together that we have governed without elegance, and it is together that without elegance we will leave this power. He acceded to a single refusal to carry the cross of a facade democracy to the service of the external predatory powers and who had progres- sively erected him as a strong man instead of helping him to build a democracy that respected humanity and built on strong institutions.
         Finally, on leaving this regime, there is a desire to sanction all this hypocrisy through an act of suicide which, like a piece of domino will bring down others and will unveil to the future marionnettes in quest of power, the mistake that accompanies this democracy of facade that creates slave leaders and throw them in the trash like oranges sucked up to their last drop of juice. At the end of each reign of dupes, the Euro-American lobbies have good back. All are playing the innocent and demanding of the battered people of this land to get rid of the new leader who they brought to power by manipulation and electoral fraud.

Explanation 4: Fear of Exile.

          Today, yesterday, the exile at the end of the reign, becomes hypothetical especially on African, Euro-American and tomorrow earth wherever Congolese Diaspora will certainly mobilize as the Jews do against Nazi criminals throughout the world, to track down members of this predatory regime and to bring them before national and international courts and tribunals. The world is no longer the same and the right to political exile meets an ethic of respect for humanity that the global world puts in place for all and everywhere.
          No state today wants to house ex-leaders of a regime, responsible for more than six million dead in their country! The actors of civil society in this state will not allow it in the name of the principle more than ever operational of the solidarity of the victims of violence and other injustices throughout the world. No state wants to lose economic privileges in a partner country by protecting ex-leaders to whom these nations blame criminal justice claims. Clearly, margins of maneuver are narrowing for asylum seekers political at the end of the facade democracy. They will be treated like the dictators of yesterday, they to whom we have nevertheless worn the robe of democrats.

Explanation 5: leaders end mandates between the hammer and the anvil.

          For all observers of the Congolese political scene and for the Congolese people, it is difficult to imagine how any of the scenarios of the slip, concocted to date, could offer a new mandate to President Kabila. All believe that the preservation of power will not bring anything solid. On the contrary, it will trigger a violent chain reaction of abuse, a spiral of protests and violent repression throughout the country. It will give the outgoing president the image of a man who will have planned and executed the intensification of brutality against the population. The current President should not rely on the impression of power and control the situation that many known and opportunistic thrifrists are trying to give to convince him to deride. In reality, all these discourses and stratagems offer only a hypothetical margin of maneuver. As in the past, the fox lives only at the expense of the listener. And at the end of his reign, what could be more profitable than the profession of courtiers? And as always, such flies, all these foxes are the first to leave the ship in case of shipwreck. Follow my look! Today there is no longer any doubt. A broad consensus has emerged in the country and within the community of nations to consider that a third official presidential mandate is constitutionally impossible! The current president has no choice. He must pass the hand because any refusal on his part would only his person and those of his entourage; but especially the predatory neocolonial system that governs this space.
         The Euro-American lobbies that have sponsored him so far will not allow him to put the system in danger through an uprising of this unpredictable people whose uncertainties they do not know. This explains the pressures of all kinds that are exerting on the current president and his entourage. The cunning politicians of the current regime who, within its majority, have understood, turn, without making noise and each in his own way, towards his own political future. Is it not so to understand the numerous political declarations of others? When speeches in the living room are becoming more and more different from public speeches, treason is not often very close! For Kabila and all his clan, it is necessary to leave power and tomorrow will depend on how one leaves this power: by a resignation, a coup d'état palace or a popular uprising? In the present context and after all these unfortunate attempts at slippage, only the official announcement of his wish not to run for a third term would be an act of political courage. Indeed, his transparency as regards his refusal to run for a third term will be favorably received by the Congolese people and will help to safeguard the semblance of stability that the country is experiencing.
         He could thus count on the clemency of the justice and the Congolese people and on the possible support of a successor well disposed towards him. But it is unrealistic to think that one can leave power today, and have immunities of the penal order. Rule of law obliges! And as the President himself affirmed at the opening of the conference for peace in Kasai: "there is no peace without justice". So the souls of all these victims of institutional violence of these 20 years of rule A.F.D.L. will never rest in peace if justice is not done!
-------------------- -------------------------------------------------- ------------- *Pr. Thierry Nlandu Mayamba, article published in "Le Phare" of 29 September 2017.

vendredi 29 septembre 2017

Syria: First Arab astronaut Mohammed Faris is a refugee in Turkey!

Mohammed Faris is a national hero in Syria.

         Streets, schools and airports bear his name as national hero in Syria. Yet he left Syria and lives in exile in Turkey and has turned into a political opponent of the al-Assad regime "with words, not arms."
          In 1987, he was the first Arab professional cosmonaut to go into space. Today, and while the war has raged for nearly five years in Syria, the one who was the pride of his country no longer lives there. At 64, the former cosmonaut must "face one of the most challenging challenges of his busy life, during which he played the roles of fighter pilot, cosmonaut, military advisor to the regime of el -Assad, "writes The Guardian.
Mohammed Faris left Syria - where streets, schools and airports bear his name - to exile in Turkey, from which he militates against the government al-Assad, "with words, not arms."
Born on May 26, 1951. Two years before he flew to space, he was one of four young Syrians selected to join the Russian training program devoted to the allies of the Soviet Union, Interkosmos. At that time, the Syrian-Russian ties were very strong: the U.S.S.R. had supported the coup of Hafez al-Assad, the father of Bashar al-Assad, in 1970. In exchange, the Soviets were allowed to establish a naval base at Tarous, which still belongs to Russia today. As a colonel in the Syrian army, he was chosen as a cosmonaut on September 30, 1985.  On board the Soyuz TM-3, he made a single flight on July 22, 1987 as an experimenter spending 7 days, 23 hours and 5 minutes in space. After his flight, he returned to the Air Force. Married, he lives with his three children in Aleppo.

The whole world through his window.

         Among the four Syrians selected to be able to go into space, Mohammed Faris was the only one to be Sunni, a religious group "that represents more than 80% of the population of the country and that poses a threat to the regime", which is Shiite confession, according to The Guardian. Despite the reluctance of the delegation dispatched from Syria "to help the Russians choose their man", it is Mohammed Faris who will join Mir station to take pictures and scientific experiments with Russian colleagues in July 1987:
"These seven days, twenty-three hours and five minutes have upset my life," he told the Guardian. When we see the whole world through its window, there is no more "us" or "them", "no more politics. "

First Time Protestant

         Upon his return from mission, Mohammed Faris plans to create a Syrian institute devoted to science and space but the president of the time opposes a "non-categorical". Instead, he is promoted to teaching at a university that trains the Air Force:
"Hafez el-Assad wanted to keep his people in ignorance and divided, with a limited understanding of things," recalls the former cosmonaut. That's how dictators stay in place. The vision that such an institute could have given to people was dangerous. "
At the death of Hafez al-Assad, Mohammed Faris was one of the first to meet his successor, Bashar al-Assad. "Like his father, Bashar was an enemy of the people," he said. He became a military adviser until civil war broke out in 2011. Despite the threats of the regime's supporters, he joined the peaceful ranks of the early protesters with his wife.

"The Russians are assassins"

Then came the violence, growing ... Mohammed Faris watches, helplessly, his pupils join the military forces of the regime. He plans to escape with his wife and three children. But, not anywhere. His former colleagues and Russian friends offered him their help, but the idea of exile in Russia disgusts him:
"Putin has nothing to do with the U.S.S.R.. Russians are assassins, criminals who support other criminals. They have the blood of more than 2,000 civilians on their hands. "
Nor are the asylum proposals in Europe suitable. He is persuaded that they are motivated by political intent. "They did not intervene when they were needed, and they are opposed to my ideals so I could not live there," he says. At the Associated Press, he also said: "If Europe does not want refugees, then they must help us get rid of this regime."