jeudi 28 octobre 2010

Darfur, the first African martyr of the Haitian dictatorship

From his hometown of Darfur in Sudan, Darfur Felix moved to France where he studied journalism and married a French woman.
         In 1818 he emigrated with his family in Haiti and moved to Port-au-Prince. President Jean Pierre Boyer (1776-1850), former lieutenant of Toussaint Louverture received him with great honor and reimbursed his travel expenses between Le Havre and Port-au-Prince.
         He fits easily because his naturalization was facilitated by Article 44 of the Haitian Constitution, which granted citizenship to Africans living in the island after one year of residence.
         When he became a citizen in 1819, he founded a newspaper in Port-au-Prince,
"L'Eclaireur haïtien", a bimonthly political and literary journal.
         From the earliest numbers, his tone and his criticism of government practices make him an outspoken opponent of the regime which it accuses Boyer of illegally selling the country to foreigners. He is accused of trying to foment a civil war and overthrow the government when he expresses the opinion of the majority of the population.
         August 30, 1822, exercising his rights of Haitian, he sends a petition to the House of Deputies. While the members decided to deliberate on the general committee after a contentious vote on what to do with this offensive and seditious petition, Captain Bonneau Calix, the aide to President Boyer, informs the denier of the events of Parliament.
         President Boyer directs the military commander of Port-au-Prince, General John Thomas, "to stop the enemy nation and sentenced as expeditiously as possible, so that through a regular trial, he is struck by the sword terrible justice."
         Darfur is arrested and put in irons on the same day, sentenced to death and executed the next day after the September 2, 1822.
         Members who had approved his motion and position were excluded from the Assembly by their colleagues intimidated.
         Members Beranger, Laborde, St. Lawrence, St. Martin, as well as judges, notaries and journalists are promptly imprisoned. Two senators, suspected of sympathizing with opinion Darfur are forced to resign, while judges and officials are suddenly removed in defiance of all the provisions of the Constitution of 1816, very similar to that of the United States, whose he was one of the drafters.
         The implementation of Darfur to misdemeanor opinion opens the dictatorship of Jean-Pierre Boyer until his resignation in 1843.

         In his book 
"De la réhabilitation de la race noire par la République d'Haïti (From rehabilitation of the black race by the Republic of Haiti)", published in Port-au-Prince in 1900, Hannibal Price stressed "I am from Haiti, Mecca, Judea of the black race, the countries must go on pilgrimage at least once in his life every man has African blood in the arteries".

Darfur Felix had done at the cost of his life in 1822, that is to say 88 years earlier.

1 commentaire:

  1. Hi!
    I'm making some researchs about Haiti and I would like to know more about Darfour. Do you have more informations about him or the newspapers? because I couldnt find his newspapers on the internet (i guess they are in microform on an archive in haiti, but i couldnt find more infos). or any other information you have about darfour and his life will help me a lot.