dimanche 6 février 2011

The racism on both sides of the Atlantic: «Tintin in the Congo » and «The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn».


A Congolese complaint against "Tintin in the Congo"
 
At the beginning of July 2007, the British Commission for Racial Equality (CRE) had accused the author of "Tintin in the Congo" to "show racism throughout this work and to promote the violent scenes regard to animals. "
On July 23, 2007, Bienvenu Mbutu Mondondo student of political science at the Free University of Brussels filed complaints against the company managing the rights of the cartoonist Herge "Moulinsart" before the Belgian courts for violating the legislation on racism and the demand withdrawal from sale of the album "Tintin in the Congo" and a symbolic one euro in damages. In August 2009 he also filed a complaint in France.
"I want us to stop selling the comic, whether for children or for adults. It is a racist book, filled with colonial propaganda. It is not permissible to cry on Tintin Villagers are forced to work in the construction of a railway track or treats his dog Snowy lazy, "said the complainant.
In the '70s, the artist, Georges Prosper Remi (aka Hergé) (1907-1983) had himself deciphered the positive discourse on the colonization of his album:
"For the Congo, as for Tintin in the Land of the Soviets, it is that I was fed the prejudices of the bourgeois milieu in which I lived ... It was in 1930.. I knew this country than in telling people at the time: "The Negroes are big children, luckily we're there!, etc.. And I have drawn, these Africans, according to those criteria, in the pure paternalistic era was that of Belgium. "
In 2007, "Tintin in the Congo" has been removed for racism ray children Borders bookstores in Britain and the United States.
In South Africa, South African publishers of Hergé, Human & Rousseau, who usually publish in Afrikaans « The adventures of a young reporter », had decided not to translate this album.
On September 9, 2009, The Representative Council of Black Associations (CRAN) Wednesday asked the Minister of Culture Frederic Mitterrand to comment on the possible addition of a warning in the introduction to the album "Tintin
On 3 September 2009, Hedi Putallaz (33 years), a resident of Monthey in the canton of Valais in Switzerland has also brought against "Tintin in the Congo" and demanded that the album be withdrawn from sale and removed from libraries throughout Switzerland . Valais mother and a Tunisian father, Putallaz is married to a citizen of Trinidad and Tobago.
"This cartoon mimics the anti-black stereotypes most abject featuring characters lazy and stupid. This is not the way we inculcate the values of tolerance for children"
The Brooklyn Public Library (New York) has classified "Tintin in the Congo" among the works "offensive", just like Mein Kampf "by Adolf Hitler (1889-1945) and" Tropic of Capricorn "Henry Miller (1891-1980), books off the shelves and classified into "Hell" piece reserved for banned books.
Sweden and Germany, but rather the mistreatment of animals is the basis scandal: Tintin including dynamite explode a rhinoceros that prevents down from the tree where he fled!
But nobody (Hergé did he know himself?) Does note that the song of the boatmen of Father White Uélé Maliba Makasi "was the refrain of a jingle in Lingala ironic black contingent of the Police Force of the column Dhanis to protest their mistreatment imposed by the Independent State of Congo: "Uélé! Maliba makasi! Maliba Makasi! Tosali sali pamba! Tosali PAMBA dirty! We fought for nothing ! We used to hard water and food contaminated! ".
This passive resistance was to culminate in the bloody mutiny of the Force Publique known as the "Revolt of Batetela" in 1897.
On 24 October 2010, at the Fair Comics in Kinshasa, the Congolese Minister of Culture and Arts Kavira Mapeera Jeannette was the apology of Belgian colonialism in defending "Tintin in the Congo" which she described as "head-work "!
Published in 1931, the album is the second in a series of 23 cartoons that trace the adventures of Tintin, the intrepid reporter with the Tuft, and his famous little white dog Snowy. All numbers together, it has sold 220 million copies worldwide, translated into hundreds of languages.
The little white reporter eventually there by making the boy Coco what he stole: his dignity!

And two: The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn!

Huckleberry Finn, best friend of Tom Sawyer is a character from the novel by Mark Twain published in 1885. "The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn" from which all the literature stems' said Ernest Hemingway takes place on the Mississippi River.
On 15 January 2007, he was ranked by the weekly "Time" as the fifth best book of all time! From 1920 to 1981, was adapted to film eight times.
On January 4, 2011, "The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn" have been dragged before the American courts because the book contains 219 times the word "negro."
"It is shameful that a simple word can form such a barrier for students who appreciate the greatness of this narrative and the acuity of his social criticism", (...) races are important in the frame of the adventures of Huckleberry Finn and Tom Sawyer. The whole question is how to express this idea in the XXI century. " said Alan Gribben Professor of English at Auburn University in Montgomery, Alabama.
The word negro has been erased from the book for American schoolchildren.
"This book is a racist book and change the language to change its power," said Cindy Lowell, director of the Mark Twain Museum in Hannibal, Missouri.

Huck Finn and Mark Twain, I presume!
 
Novelist, essayist and humorist, Mark Twain, whose real name Samuel Langhorne Clemens was born November 30, 1835 in Florida, Missouri, USA. Fatherless at the age of 12 years, he held various activities: apprentice typographer, editor of the newspaper articles of his brother, steamboat pilot on the Mississippi.
Not wanting to fight alongside the Southerners for the maintenance of slavery, he fled to the mountains of Nevada and became a gold digger.
From 1864 he engaged in the practice to defer to San Francisco and travels in Europe as a news correspondent. Après son mariage avec Olivia Langdon en 1870, il s'installe à Hartford dans le Connecticut. After his marriage to Olivia Langdon in 1870, he moved to Hartford in Connecticut.
Thanks to his two novels "The Adventures of Tom Sawyer" (1876) "and" The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn (1885) "he won fame as a humorist writer.
The end of his life is clouded by financial troubles and the death of one of his daughters and his wife. He died April 21, 1910 in Redding, Connecticut.

The Soliloquy of King Leopold's Congo Free Cemetery.

The list is endless, we will never after. Its terrible shadow stretches across the Congo Free State under that shadow and a nation of 15 million innocent souls is wasting away and quickly succumb to his misery. It is a land of graves is a land of graves, is the Congo Free Cemetery. It is a majestic thought: this episode the most dismal of all human history is the work of one man, one man, nothing that a person: Leopold, King of the Belgians. He is personally and solely responsible for the myriad crimes that blackened the history of the Congo State.. He is the sole master there, and it is absolute. He could not prevent crimes by his order, he could stop them today with a speech but he refrains from comment. Because of his pocket. "
In 1905, after the publication of remarks in the Soliloquy of King Leopold, Mark Twain became vice-president of the American section of "Congo Reform Association was founded in London by Edmund Dene Morel (1873-1924) at the instigation of diplomat Irish Sir Roger Casement (1864-1916). He met U.S. President Theodore Roosevelt (1858-1919) to convince him to act for the Congo.
On February 10, 1906, President Roosevelt (Nobel Peace Prize in 1906) having made him understand through Barbour that he would undertake nothing in Congo, he resigned from his post as Vice-President ARC.
In Kinshasa, the Mark Twain Foundation, established by the U.S. embassy in the Democratic Republic of Congo in 2009 grants literary awards to Congolese writers.

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