mardi 8 février 2011

When W. Churchill and Gandhi interpreted "Tintin in the Zulu Kingdom"

Winston Churchill, war correspondent in South Africa.
         At the age of twenty-five years, Winston Churchill, the future Prime Minister of the United Kingdom is sent as a war reporter in South Africa. He is responsible for covering the second war between the British and the Boers (1899-1902) for the London Morning Post. "From November 2, 1899 February 28, 1900, soldiers of his majesty the besieged town of Ladysmith, edge of the Klip River in what is now KwaZulu-Natal.
         Winston Churchill arrived in Escourt, KwaZulu-Natal in 1899. Boarded an armored train in the direction of Colenso, he fell into an ambush. Despite her protests and the presentation of his press card, he is imprisoning at the prison camp in Pretoria war on orders from General Piet Joubert (1938-1900). After two months in jail, he managed to escape so fantastic as he slipped on a coal train and a truck that took him to Maputo (then Lourenco Marques) after a journey of 480 Km .
         Upon returning to camp of General Redvers Buller (1838-1903) in Ladysmith, his reputation had already preceded him in Britain where he is called the minor national hero! In 1900, back in England, earned him the reputation. He is elected to the House of Commons in Oldham.

Mohandas Gandhi, a stretcher-bearer in the forces of General Redvers Buller.
         Master Mohandas Gandhi, "British subject" graduate of University College London, admitted to the Bar of England and Wales in 1891 arrived in South Africa in April 1893 to pursue his law career. He is then aged 30 years and just won a one-year contract.
         During the Second Boer War, he enlisted as a stretcher bearer is in the forces of General Buller. He is notably in charge of training his fellow Indians to the profession to "high risk", despite the oppression they suffer under British rule!
         Treaties "coolies", they are scorned in the same way as "Kaffirs", indigenous black majority original Zulu, and Nandi Muhle during this particularly bloody episode of Ladysmith. Three thousand British soldiers were killed by the Boers during the 118 days of war and the city does not even fell.
         Instead of a one-year contract, Gandhi will spend twenty years in South Africa.
         Winston Churchill and Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi was probably not crossed. Whatever!
         The city named after Lady Juana Maria Smith, wife of Sir Harry Smith (British governor of Cape Colony and High Commissioner to South Africa from 1847 to 1852) was to forge the political destiny of the father Indian Nation, whose statue stands in front of the temple of Vishnu! As the reputation of Sir Winston Leonard Spencer-Churchill!
         During his tumultuous youth Churchill was correspondent "Dialy Graphic" in Cuba, an officer in India, a reporter in Turkey, military in Pakistan, a journalist with the "Pioneer" and "Dialy Telegraph, military in Egypt and Sudan, a war correspondent in "Morning Post" and an officer in South Africa, etc.., could inspire Tintin, the famous reporter in the tassel of the Belgian Georges Prosper Remi, aka Hergé!
         And if Gandhi had inspired the character of the fakir with his arrows of radjaïdjah, the poison that crazy in "Cigars of the Pharaoh"?
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For more information: FODEN Giles, Ladysmith, Editions de l'Olivier, Paris, 2004.

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