American novelist laureate of the Nobel Prize for Literature, Ernest Miller Hemingway (1899-1961) was a spy for the Komitet Gossoudarstvennoï Bezopasnosti (KGB) or Committee for State Security, the Russian spy service. Recruited in 1941, just before visiting China, he received code-named "Argo"
So says the collective work entitled "Spies: The Rise and Fall of the KGB in America: (Spies: The Rise and Fall of the KGB in the U.S.)" published by Editions Yale University by Harvey Klehr, John Earl Haynes and Alexander Vassiliev.
The author of "For Whom the Bell Tolls (1940)" and "Old Man and the Sea (1951)" met with Soviet agents in London and Havana and has expressed a desire to help.
Alexandre Vassiliev, a former KGB officer and co-author of the book had access to the archives of the Soviet secret service. Among the 1,000 notes he has taken and which served as base material to "Spies", we learn, among other things, that the physicist Robert Oppenheimer (1904-1967), father of the atomic bomb, yet the victim McCarthyism in 1953 never became a KGB spy.
Interestingly, he was not a great help, unable to give a single "information policy". In the columns of the Guardian, John Dugdale is the question: "Was he a spy junk, especially considering his experience as future literary material illegal? Or a spy authentic but hopelessly inefficient?"
The archives of Ernest Hemingway, formerly kept in Cuba, were sold to JF Kennedy Library in Boston, digitized and put online. But no sign of adventures "dilettantes" the old writer.
Friend and support of Fidel Castro, he settled on the hill Finca Vingia Cuba. In Havana, he founded a small paramilitary organization, the "Crook Factory" designed to hunt down the Nazis on the island. He patrols himself on his fishing boat called "El Pilar", accompanied by his faithful captain Gregoria Fuentes who later served as a model for the hero of Old Man and the Sea
Born in Oak Park, Illinois, USA July 21, 1899, Ernest Miller Hemingway committed suicide July 2, 1961 in Ketchum, Idaho. He participated in the First World War, before earning a Pulitzer Prize in 1953 for his novel The Old Man and the Sea and the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1954.