jeudi 5 mai 2011

Hezekiah Shanu Andrew, first victim of the African human rights in DR Congo.

After his studies at Church Missionary Society's Elementary School, Shanu Herzekiah Andrew began his teaching career. In 1884 he began serving the Congo Free State. He says the recruitment of soldiers for the West African force then becomes public translator English / French / shrugged at the service of Governor-General at Boma (capital of the Congo Free State 1 May 1886 to October 31, 1929).
          In 1893, he left the civil service and set up his own. A year later, he made a business trip to Belgium and the opportunity to enroll his son in a Belgian school. His lectures on the situation in the Congo Free State are very well received. After taking business contacts in England, Germany and France, he returned to Congo.
          Soon he finds himself at the head of thriving businesses. His company has a warehouse of products imported from Europe, a fashion house and laundry, two small hotels in Boma and Matadi.          Amateur photographer, he published some of his photos in the magazine Brussels Congo illustrated. British citizen highly esteemed by the local upper middle class, he assumed the acting British vice-consul. In 1900 he was appointed by the administration of the Congo Independent State, negotiator to appease the military mutiny in the Public Force in Boma especially among his fellow West Africans (Nigerians, Sierra Leoneans and Liberians).
          Having found the exactions of officers of the Independent State of Congo, he befriended the British consul at Boma, Roger Casement (1864-1918) and in 1903, he participated in the financing of the Congo Reform Association of Edmund Dene Morel (1873-1824) and became a correspondent in the Congo illegal.
          The case of Charles Caudron, a settler particularly cruel, tried in 1904 to Boma for killing in cold blood one hundred twenty to two indigenous parts of which it communicates to the trial monthly West African Mail Edmund Dene Morel helps to escalate the campaign against King Leopold II in Britain.
          But he is quickly unmasked by the Congolese police. He withdrew his decoration obtained in the administration and his business is boycotted by order of the CIS and Ruined cornered by agents of the CIS, he killed himself in July 1905. In his article on West African Mail, 8 September 1905, Edmund Dene Morel wrote about him: "Shanu is a victim of his fight for justice."  He can therefore be rightly regarded as the first African victim of his commitment to human rights in Congo (now DRC).

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