vendredi 6 mai 2011

Tariq ibn Ziyad, the Berber who nearly conquered France.

Berber leader, mawyla Musa, lieutenant governor of  Ifriqya on behalf of Musa Ibn Nusayr Umayyads (640-717). At the head of an army of seven thousand men, mostly Berbers converted to Islam, he crossed the strait was named after him "Jabal Tariq" (Actual Gibraltar) in the peninsula of Tarifa (Tariff Jazeera) to conquer the Iberian Peninsula.
In May 711, he wins the Rio Barbate in Rodrigue, the king of the Visigoths, Toledo walking (Tulaytula) and occupies Cordoba (Qurtuba) on the banks of the Guadalquivir (al-Wadi al-Kabir). In July 712, jealous of his military successes, Musa ibn Nusayr raises an army of ten thousand Arabs and invaded the port city of Seville (Ishbaliya) and Merida (Marida).
         The two leaders meet near Toledo and seized the territory from Zaragoza to Visigoth Navarre they called "Jazirat al-Andalus", Andalucia today.
According to Arab historians, having burnt all his boats, he says to his troops:
"The enemy is before you, and the sea is behind you, you have no alternative but to conquer or die. Will you follow me? "
In 714, Musa ibn Nusayr returned to Kairouan with a huge booty and many Spanish prisoners leaving power to his son Abd al-Aziz.
In 716, in the wake of Tariq ibn Zayid, the troops of the Emir Abd al-Rahman took over the major part of the territory between Spain and Portugal and current progress in the south of France to Poitiers in the Poitou-Charentes.
         In October 732 they were defeated by the Merovingian armies of Charles Martel (688-741). Abd al-Rahman was killed during the battle. Tariq ibn Zayid died a natural death in Damascus in 720.

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