vendredi 27 mai 2011

When marriage becomes a major issue in politics


Bolivia: A new home for every couple.

        
In July 2008, President Evo Morales has decided to offer a home for every new pair of newlyweds.
        
"The state must provide a home for couples who marry. That's our program and the government has an obligation to comply," he said, according to the Bolivian daily La Razon, chief of the state during a public ceremony in the village of Villa Tunari, known for its coca crops in the central region, a stronghold election of Evo Morales.
        
In power since December 18, 2005, he recalled that he had launched a vigorous political redistribution of subsidies for children of school age, persons over 60 years and pregnant women.
        
According to official statistics dating from 2005, on average there are 22,000 weddings a year in Bolivia. President Juan Evo Morales (50 years), a socialist considered one of the pillars of the radical left in Latin America, was elected president of Bolivia 18 December 2005 and re-elected December 6, 2009.

India: Madhya Pradesh arranges the marriage of virgins.

        
On June 26, 2009, 151 women from poor families have participated in a mass wedding sponsored by the State of Madhya Pradesh, Shahdol, 300 km from Bhopal.
        
Access to the ceremony was conditioned to a virginity test. Local officials prefer to talk of commonplace medical examination to identify any pregnancies in women attracted government support.
        
This mass wedding is part of a program launched in April 2006 by the state government of Madhya Pradesh, which aims to help single women unable to pay for marriage. The government pays more in 6500 rupees (100 euros) each.
        
A budget of 385,000 euros has been allocated for the program this year. In three years, 88,460 marriages were arranged this way in the various districts of Madhya Pradesh.
"At first I refused to be examined. But an official told me that I would not be allowed into the lobby of marriage if the gynecologist told me do not qualify. The doctor examined my hand" said a young woman at the wedding day to The Hindustan Times.
        
The Minister of Human Resource Development, Kapil Sibal, said that this event "insult women and refers to the eighteenth century."
        
It is estimated that more than 15 million Indian children are married before the age of 18. In May, hundreds of marriages take place during the festival of Akha Teej, supposed to bring luck and success. Yet for 30 years, Indian law prohibits marriage of girls before age 18 and boys before age 21.
        
Madhya Pradesh (442 840 km2, 66 million people) is headed by Prime Minister Shivraj Singh Chouhan, from the Bharatiya Janata Party (Indian People's Party, BJP), Hindu nationalist party.

Nepal: A premium of 460 euros to marry a widow.

        
In Nepal, losing her husband is the worst thing that can happen to a woman. It is secluded, abandoned by his family evicted from home and forced begging. In rural areas, it is often regarded as a witch, beaten and abused in public.
        
The Nepalese government proposed in July 2009, to pay a bonus of 100,000 rupees (around 1,000 euros) to anyone who would marry a Hindu untouchable, the lowest caste of society and a bonus of 50,000 rupees (460 euros) for men who take a widow to wife, to fight against discrimination.
        
"We do not want government dots", "Do not put your mother on sale" could be read on the placards brandished by the Nepalese who demonstrated outside the government headquarters in Kathmandu.
        
They fear that these dots offered by the government will not turn into a source of income for unscrupulous husbands and are afraid that widows are abandoned once the reward is received.
        
They claim that the money be used to improve access for widows and their children to education or health.
        
Giving money to encourage couples to marry is "contrary to the principles of human rights and that is why we urge the government to take social measures in favor of widows," said an organizer of the event, Lily Thapa.
        
"It is the right of unmarried women live as they wish but society does not treat them properly," said the spokesman of the Ministry of Finance, Shankar Adhikari.

Yemen: Marriage in the fight against terrorism.

        
The director of the Office of the President and Chairman of National Security of Yemen, Ali Mohammed al-Ansi was found a novel solution to fight against jihadist terrorism.
        
Besides traditional methods of prevention and repression as the closure of "Madrassas" who spread bigotry, surveillance of mosques and the reform of curricula, he began to combine force young people who have gone astray in the Salafist movement in them out of jails.
        
Until the revolution of jasmine party Taez motivates thousands of young people in the streets of Sanaa to challenge President Ali Abdullah Saleh, in power since 1978.

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