samedi 11 juin 2011

Croatia: End of conflict between the Catholic church and the state opened by former President Stjepan Mesic

Croatian presidential election before January 2005, Koncila Glas (The Voice of the council), the leading weekly of the Catholic Church in Croatia, Zagreb published since 1962 had drawn up the ideal portrait of the future President of the Republic:
"He has to defend human life, dignity of marriage and family advocate for the prohibition of Sunday work, fight drugs, corruption, pornography and prostitution."
In September 2009, President Stjepan Mesic (75), socialist and advocate of a secular state that the Catholic newspaper described as "a traitor"-cons were attacked by requiring the removal of crucifixes from public institutions.
"Religious symbols should not have their place in the ministries, barracks, hospitals, schools, because it is inconsistent with the principles of a secular state", said Mesic.
"Mary, frees us from the fear of the cross in public places in our country", had invoked the Archbishop of Split-Makarska Archbishop Marin Barisic, before some 100,000 people gathered on a pilgrimage to Sinj.
         The Archbishop of Zagreb and primate of the Croatian Catholic Church, Cardinal Josip Bozanic, had also denounced the initiative of the Head of State.
In Croatia, the principle of separation of church and state is guaranteed by the Constitution. The Croatian Catholic Church is the largest landowner has certain privileges that do not exist in other European countries.
"In the Croatian society, the Church is present in schools, faculties, in the media. The public universities have three theological faculties from which emerges each year hundreds of lay theologians graduates working in the media, various social institutions in Scientific Research. The social commitment of the Church is great: abandoned children, the sick and the elderly. We are also trying to establish the Catholic University in Zagreb, "said Slavko Sliskovic the Dominican professor of theology at the University of Zagreb to Vatican Radio.
The action taken by the President Mesic did not rain to much of Croatian citizens and not just Catholics who represent nearly 87.8% of the population (4.4% are Orthodox Christians say, 1, 3% 5% Muslims and non-believers), reported L'Osservatore Romano, the newspaper of the Holy See, for whom "the intervention of Stjepan Mesic has been seen as the intention of wanting to reintroduce practices of the past, by rising against the religion and what that represents."
On January 10, 2010, President Mesic Stjipe was replaced by the socialist, Josipovic, a law professor at the University of Zagreb, social democrat of 52 years.
From 4 to 5 June 2011, Pope Benedict XVI made a historic trip to Croatia. On this occasion, President Josipovic praised the "moral and political authority of the Holy See and the Catholic Church," which "was followed by many states" and has contributed to the "aggression against Croatia is stopped. "
He was referring to the recognition of the young Croatian state in January 1992 by the Vatican, followed by the countries of the European Union two days later.

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