mardi 28 juin 2011

The revolution of jasmine and spring of Arab writers.

Saadi Youssef * "What Arab Spring?"

"Only the hens to repeat" Arab Spring! "
Is there any more children?
I mean: Is there no one to proclaim the truth?
What is this Arab spring?
We know that the order is out of some U.S. administration, · as already in Ukraine, Bosnia, Kosovo ...
He was also wanted for the Middle East and North Africa.
Facebook led the revolution in countries where people do not pay their daily bread!
This poor unfortunate who barely survives, the illiterate, the bigot,
Who do not even eat a hot meal a day,
Who lives in a slum, tea and ill-subsidized bread,
He would know what is internet?
But who are these young leaders?
What a shame!
Egypt has done everything properly, the president (Hosni Mubarak I mean) as his people,
And Tunisia also:
"We listened, and we complied."
Egypt has received the message
And Tunisia as well.
As for de Tripoli Libya, she discovered, to the tune of bombing
the truth of the Arab spring! "

* Born in 1934 in Basra, Iraq. Living in London, he is considered one of the greatest Arab poets.

Abdelwahab Meddeb * and "Spring of Tunis"

"It happened by surprise," he admits from the outset.
"This desire for freedom is not born from nothing. It is the result of the policy Bourguiba of instruction. We are witnessing one of the effects described by Condorcet.
          The spread of education is the best condition for the promotion of free citizens, capable of influencing the evolution of laws."
"Tunisia is reborn in me, after a form of hibernation. The sense of never dies, we remain inhabited by the scene of the original, in which the hunt is the construction of the first memory ... " he said calmly.

* Born in 1946 in Tunis, he teaches comparative literature at the University of Paris-X.

Sonallah Ibrahim*: "The smell-there"

"Even in dreams, I could never have imagined the revolution," said the Egyptian writer in French newspaper Le Monde in February 2011.
"Why should we, when we write, speak only of the beauty of flowers and the sweetness of their fragrance, when the streets are full of excrement, as sewers are overflowing, everyone feels their stench and s 'to complain? in 1986 he wrote in the preface "The smell-there"
"The conquest of freedom, it is not trying to invent a new life but that of the back, just in the state where you left off, with its imperfections, frustrations, anguish "
"(...) It is this freedom he wants, freedom demystified, which is justified for any utopia. Freedom so necessary that conquers even today, as his last months have shown, at any price. "

* Born in 1937 in Cairo. In 2003, he refused the prize for Cairo to the fictional creation "granted by a government that has no credibility to do so"

Alaa El Aswany * "I spent a week in the street!"

«(...) Must explain to the world what is happening in Egypt. I'm so happy, so proud of what's happening today. I spent a week in the street, and for the first time I felt the "people", tens of thousands of people who did not know and get together.
I have seen all of Egypt. Young people, older people, women, children ... I felt Egypt as never before. All thanks to the young. Intellectuals have paved the road for years, but it is young people who started the movement.
It is the people's revolution. Yes, it is indeed a revolution. It is no longer to amend the system: on the contrary, we want to completely destroy to build a new Egypt. I always refused the dictatorship in my novels, in my articles, I've always said we had nothing to lose. "
"You know, the Egyptians are not violent, they are like camels. Quiet and calm, they bear the unbearable ... until they get angry. And today, anger replaced the fatalism and derision.
(...) I was here with my father in 1972, when Israel occupied Egyptian territories. Today, it is no longer free territories, but to liberate a people: ourselves! (...) We must always pay a price for freedom. It is already paying - there have been dozens of deaths - but no back. The ego disappears, giving way to a sense of nation. What is happening is unique. "Mubarak released!" shouted by tens of thousands of people ...
I am very optimistic, the fall of Mubarak will be the beginning. Not paradise, at the beginning. The people feel that their destiny is now in his hands, not between those of one person. For Mubarak, Egypt is a god! He is the head of the country, the chief judges, journalists, military, everything!
         The opposition does not exist, it is not real. The real opposition is the street. These young people, these families can build the post. They have 20, 25, but in talking with them we are dazzled by their conscience, their courage, vision.
The revolution does not belong to known names, it is not that of El Baradei. It is a revolution without leaders, so what? This is the revolution that will make the leaders, not the other! "

* Born in 1957, he worked as a dentist in Cairo. In his bestseller, The Yacoubian Building, he had already described the ills that plagued Egypt.

Nawal el-Sadawi "My books have been censored!"

Psychiatrist and famous octogenarian author of "The hidden face of Eve," Nawal el-Sadawi said during the Egyptian revolution,
         "I fought against King Farouk, against Nasser, Sadat cons who put me in prison, and Mubarak against me forced into exile in the United States. My books were censored. I was able to speak and teach everywhere except Egypt. Mubarak deserves prison. ¬ We want freedom, equality between men and women, between Muslims and Christians, and dignity. "

*Physician and psychiatrist, born in 1931 at Kafr a Tahl, near Cairo. She set holds numerous awards and honors medals.

Tahar Ben Jelloun * "This is a huge Berlin Wall falling"

Member of the Académie Goncourt, he has published two books on the Arab Spring, "With fire" and an essay entitled "The spark. In the Arab Revolt. "
"These books have been written hot face of this historical movement, the huge Berlin Wall falls and had a liberating effect across the world. In other Arab countries of course, but can also be seen today in Spain, "he says.
"The Arab Spring released wills. If the Arabs did this, we can do ... I even heard a Spaniard say for the first time, Arabs surprised us ".
"European countries should expect that their youth abandoned (...) is in the wind of freedom Arabic call to rise up. Contempt and racism always end up being against-productive, "he writes.
"The Arab Spring has triggered a great hope and great anticipation. Tunisia and Egypt, there are difficulties, but can not be resolved overnight. There is still much to be done to establish democracy. Already, you must return the money diverted by Ben Ali and Mubarak, "he adds.
"In Libya, a scenario is blocked, it will not stop with the death of an individual or his flight ... The Western intervention was necessary, but she arrived a little late, "says the writer.
"In Syria, it is still different, a type of old Eastern Europe, the military will not move. Until an officer say "basta". Europe will not intervene, the context of the region is too complicated. Meanwhile, the Syrian people who pay. "

* Born on 1 December 1944 in Fez. He is the recipient of many awards and honors, including the Grand Cross of the Legion of Honor.

Yasmina Khadra: "The aftermath are areas set aside"

"First of all a huge relief. We no longer believed. Long considered a herd, our people, with all their ethnic, are in the process of forcing compliance today. In China, Latin America, Europe, the Left Behind has inspired our anger for "indignation" and demand more fairness and consideration.
"However, we must be wary of what's happening behind the popular boil. Because the stakes are different from one nation to another, and are often blinding euphoria. (...) Afterwards spaces are set aside, they belong to those who can invest. It is not by flirting that will likely wake up.
"Our recovery has lasted too long, and the grotesque simulation that has become our favorite national sport, we lack credibility coarsely. The question facing us requires only two possible answers: Will we finally take seriously our destiny or are we too immature to have no cure? "

* Mohammed Moulessehoul, aka Yasmina Khadra born January 10, 1955 at Kenadsa, Algeria, has received the Grand Prize for Literature Henri Gal, Price of the Institute of France in 2011.

Ibrahim al-Koni *: "Libya was ripe for a revolution."

"We were quickly disappointed by the so-called revolution promised by Gaddafi. I was increasingly in conflict with the regime and I felt threatened.
"When the Libyans and the Libyans and Tunisians have seen the Egyptians to overthrow their dictator, they realized that Gaddafi was not invincible.
"I am delighted to see people fighting with determination against the dictatorship, but this violence makes me very sad. The public is now paying a high price for his freedom. "Says the writer.

*Born in 1948 in southern Libya near Gadamer. He is installed in Switzerland since 1994. His work was crowned by many literary awards, including the special prize of the Swiss state for all of his work, the price of the novel Sahara, the price Boo Sheikh Zayed Award and the Mondello.

Khaled Khalifa *: "In Syria, the wall of fear has been broken"

"I defend the right of my people for democracy, I watch closely the process of change that I can actually testify. For the first time in 40 years, Syrian society begins to break down the wall of her fear.
"It's like she looked for the first time: fear of the future and at the same time, insurance lead them. Since the departure of Mubarak, Syrian revolt waiting, but I could not imagine what form it would take or where it would trigger. "
"Unlike other Arab regimes to power in Syria stands undisturbed for using the same procedures for 40 years.
"(...) The particular situation of Syrians made them create an original form unlike any other, based on the destruction of the system step by step, and expressing their love for peace and for civil society. "

The author of "In Praise of Hatred" concludes:

         "Our companies are waking up, writers and artists will never be foreigners in their homelands, it is they who will lead the change. Breaking the heads of their leaders does not mean they have managed to change their societies. We are aware that the road is long, it would take much more work to bring down the regime. "

* Born in 1984 in Aleppo, northern Syria. Khaled Khalifa received the International Award for Arab fiction in 2008.

A few reference books:

Al-Aswani A., L'immeuble Yacoubian, (The Yacoubian Building), a novel, Actes Sud, Paris, 2006.
Ben Jelloun, T., Par le feu (By fire), Gallimard, Paris, 2011.
Ben Jelloun, T., L’étincelle. Révolte dans les pays arabes (The spark. In the Arab Revolt), Gallimard, Paris, 2011.
MEDDEB, A., Printemps de Tunis. La métamorphose de l’Histoire (Spring of Tunis, The Metamorphosis of history), Albin Michel, Paris, 2011.
KHALIFA, K., Eloge de la haine (In Praise of Hatred), Actes Sud, Paris, 2008.
Sonallah, I., Cette odeur là (The smell there), Babel Editions Actes Sud, Paris, 2001.
-MONCEF M., Dictateurs en sursis/autoritarismes, répression et espérance démocratique dans le monde arabe (Dictators on borrowed / authoritarianism, repression and democratic hope in the Arab world), Editions Ivry-sur-Seine, 2009.

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