mercredi 22 juin 2011

Senegal: Father Jean-Pierre Moussa: From the Royal Court of Louis-Philippe I of Orleans to that of the emperor of Haiti Faustin Soulouque I!


Father Jean-Pierre Moussa was he absolved of his sins?

"Where there is a European colony, the son of the black woman has no home (...) and because Haiti is the only ground on the crystal or Black sucks in all its fullness the fresh air of freedom, gift of Heaven, "wrote Father Jean-Pierre Moussa in his article « Mes Répresailles» which appears in the Moniteur of June 2, 1854 in Port-au-Prince.
         To be treated consistently from debauchery and frivolity, the prelate had become anti-colonial Senegal.
        
The following year, the Senegalese priest, exiled to Haiti at the request of the Vatican falls into disgrace with the Emperor Faustin Soulouque of Haiti (1782-1867) who was appointed chaplain in 1853 after his dismissal from the Seminary of the Holy Spirit in Paris because of his drunkenness and his social life.
         It is even threatened with deportation to Haiti.
He retired in the parish of Petionville and forced to seek absolution from Pope Pius IX for the remission of sins.
        
The answer of the Holy Father comes back to the Vatican Apostolic Delegate of Haiti, Bishop Etherwidge in August 1860, one month after his death in Port-au-Prince July 23, 1860.
        
Did he die in sin, or did God took pity on the soul of his humble servant?

One of the first three Catholic priests Senegal.

        
Jean-Pierre Moussa was born in 1814 in Saint-Louis, Senegal. After his studies at the African Petit Séminaire at Bailleul-sur-Thérain in Oise then Limoux in the Aude in France, he was admitted to the Seminary of Carcassonne. On November 2, 1838, he was sent to the Holy Spirit Seminary in Paris.
        
On September 19, 1840, he was ordained priest at the same time as the other two Métis Senegalese Arsene Fridoil (1815-1852) and David Boilat (1814-1901), led by France Mother Anne-Marie Javouhey (1779-1851) foundress of the Congregation of Sisters of St. Joseph Cluny in 1805 (established in Senegal in 1821). The latter was concerned with the emancipation of blacks, despite the hostility of the colonists and even the clergy of Europe.

From the court of the King of France at the court of the Emperor of Haiti!

        
On the day of his ordination, he was invited to celebrate Mass at Fontainebleau before the king of France, Louis-Philippe I of Orleans (1773-1850) nicknamed "Philippe Egalité" and Queen Marie Amélie Thérèse de Bourbon-Sicilies ( 1782-1866).
        
Back in Senegal, he is greeted with great respect by the French colonial society, but he immediately comes up against the jealousy of the prefect Apostolic of Senegal, Father Meynard.
         He was assigned to the parish of Goree, where he can not bear to be under the orders of the priest who is her colleague, Father David Boilat.
        
After serving as interim of Father Maynard to the prefecture, he was appointed parish priest of Gorée by the Governor, Bouet- Willaumetz. Supported by them for three years.
        
Then he began to travel extensively in Portuguese Guinea and Cape Verde before going where he attended the "single" Victor Schoelscher, the  abolitionist (1804-1893) and some members of the royal family.
        
He was accused then get a taste of social life and forget his vows of poverty and chastity.
        
In February 1834, he founded with Father David Boilat, a secondary school in Africa. From 1846 to 1847, he stayed back in France. On his return to Senegal, he was assigned to St. Mary of The Gambia.
         In 1853, accused of drunkenness, reference is made to the Holy Spirit Seminary in Paris at the request of the Vatican.
        
His fate switch and its allocation by the Vatican to the murderous dictator of Haiti Faustin Soulouque I, (closer to that Bokassa I than  Napoleon III, with whom he is often compared) and Empress Adelina, born Leveque, as the Grand Chaplain 'permanently away from his country and his dreams. There, he will never come back again!

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