samedi 16 juillet 2011

Complaint coup in Madagascar: A world first!

 Exiled in South Africa, former President of Madagascar Marc Ravalomanana has filed a complaint with the Dean of judges with a civil party to "the authors and accomplices of the coup in March 2009 ».
"This complaint follows the confession of Lieutenant Colonel Charles Andrianasoavina, who admitted being guilty of bombing and plots to destroy or change the government," the statement said.
"Marc Ravalomanana has filed a complaint against X and against Lieutenant-Colonel Charles Andrianasoavina is the right of every citizen," he confirmed to A.F.P., the justice minister, Christine Razanamahasoa.
"It is for the judge to decide whether to investigate or not," Does she told.
Lieutenant-Colonel Charles Andrianasoavina is part of the elements of the army that rose up against the regime of Marc Ravalomanana in March 2009 to support Rajoelina.
On January 5, he told the press have been paid to participate in "a double coup in 2009," referring to the events in March.
The officer is now in custody following his involvement in an attempted military coup of 17 November 2010 against the regime of Mr. Andry Nirina Rajoelina (35).
"This is a complaint against the people who revolted in 2009. It will not affect our determination to resolve the crisis and move towards the election process," said the Minister of Justice.
After months of political crisis the opponent to the young mayor of Antananarivo, Andry Rajoelina Nirina, he is forced to resign by the army and puts the power formally to Admiral Hyppolite Ramaroson, on March 17, 2008.
         His sudden departure of power creates a serious political crisis in Madagascar.

Africa champion coups.
The first coup in Africa was made ​​in 1855 by Leander Starr Jameson (1853-1917) in the Transvaal, and is the basis of the second Boer War.
In 1952, the second coup in Africa, conducted in Egypt by Gamal Abdel Nasser (1918-1970) against King Farouk I (1920-1965) to power up Muhammad Naguib (1901-1984).
This coup inaugurated a series coups that have affected virtually every independent African nations.
-On November 18, 1958, the Sudanese Ibrahim El Ferik Abboud (1900-1983) overthrew the Prime Minister Sayyid Abdullah Khalil (1892-1970) who was an accomplice in the coup against his government.
-On January 13, 1963, the Togolese Etienne Gnassingbe Eyadema (1935-2005) assassinated President Sylvanus Olympio (1902-1963) and to put to power Nicolas Grunitzky (1913-1969) then remove him.
-On June 19, 1965, the Algerian Houari Boumediene (1932-1978) overthrew Ahmed Ben Bella.

-On November 24, 1965, the Congo (Kinshasa) Joseph Désiré Mobutu (1930-1997) overthrew Joseph Kasavubu (1913-1967) and hanged Prime Minister Evariste Kimba (1926-1966) and three Ministers on 1 June 1966.
-On January 16, 1966, Nigerian Umunnakwe Thomas Johnson Aguiyi-Ironsi (1924-1966) overthrew the Prime Minister Nnamdi Azikiwe (1904-1996).
-In February 1966, Apolo Milton Obote of Uganda Opeto (1924-2005) overthrew the Kabaka Edward Frederick William David Walugembe Luwangula Mutesa Mutebi II (1924-1969).
-On February 24, 1966, Ghana: Joseph Arthur Ankrah (1915-1992) overthrew Kwame Nkrumah President Francis (1909-1972).
-On July 29, 1966, the Nigerian Yakubu "Jack" Dan-Umma Thomas Johnson overthrew Gowon Umunnakwe Aguiyi-Ironsi who was killed during the coup.
-On November 28, 1966, the Burundian Micombero Michel (1940-1983) reversed the young Mwami Ntare V, Charles Ndizeye (1949-1972) who was shot on April 29, 1972.
-On December 31, 1966, the Central African Republic Jean Bedel Bokassa (1921-1996) overthrew President David Dacko (1930-2003).
-On August 16, 1968, the Congolese (Brazzaville) Marien Ngouabi (1938-1977) reverses Alphonse Massamba-Debat (1921-1977).
-On May 25, 1969, the Sudanese Mohammed Gaafar Nimeiry (1930-2009) overthrew Prime Minister Ismail al-Azhari Said (1900-1969).
-On November 19, 1968, Moussa Traore of Mali overthrew President Modibo Keita (1915-1977).
-On September 1st, 1969, Mo'ammar Qaddafi overthrew the Libyan King Idris I (1889-1983).
-On January 15, 1971, Uganda: Idi Amin Dada (1928-2003) overthrew Milton Obote (1924-2005).
-On January 13, 1972, Ignatius Kutu Acheampong from Ghana (1931-1979) overthrew Edward Akufo-Addo (1906-1979).
-On July 5, 1973, Juvenal Habyarimana (1937-1994) overthrew President Grégoire Kayibanda (1924-1976).
-On April 15, 1974, the Nigerian Seyni Kountche (1931-1987) reverses Hamani Diori (1916-1989).
-On September 12, 1974, Andom Michael Aman (1924-1974) overthrew the Ethiopian Emperor Haile Selassie I (1930-1975).
-August 3, 1975, Comoros: Ali Soilih (1937-1978) overthrew Ahmed Abdallah Abderamane (1919-1989).
-On July 29, 1975, the Nigerian Murtala Ramat Mohammed (1938-1976) reverses Yakubu Gowon.
-On April 13, 1975, the Chadian Christmas Milarew Odingar (1932-2007) reverses Ngarta Tombalbaye François (1918-1975).

-On November 1st, 1976, the Burundian Jean-Baptiste Michel Micombero Bagaza reverses.
-On April 3, 1977, the Congolese Jacques Joachim Yhombi Opango took power after the assassination of Marien Ngouabi March 18, 1977.
-In February 1977, the Ethiopian Mengistu Haile Mariam overthrew Bante Tafari (1921-1977).
-On May 13, 1978, the French mercenary Bob Denard killed Ali Soilih and hands over power to Abdullah Ahmed.
-On July 10, 1978, the Mauritanian Mustafa Ould Salek reverses Mokhtar Ould Daddah (1924-2003).
-On July 5, 1978, William Kwasi Akuffo Ghana Fred (1937-1979) overthrew Ignatius Kutu Acheampong.
-On February 5, 1978, Denis Sassou-Nguesso overthrew Joachim Yhombi-Opango.
-On September 20, 1979, the Central African David Dacko overthrew the former Emperor Bokassa I, with the support of France.
-On August 3, 1979, Equatorial Guinea Teodoro Obiang Nguema overthrew Basogo Fancisco Macias Nguema (1924-1970) who was shot the following month.
-On March 23, 1979, the Chadian Goukouni Oueddei reverses Felix Malloum Ngakoutou Bey-Ndi (1932-2009).
-On April 13, 1979, Uganda: Yusuf Kironde Lule (1912-1985) took power after the flight of Idi Amin Dada.
-On June 4, 1979, John Jerry Rawlings overthrows  Frederick William Kwasi Akuffo.
-On April 12, 1980, Liberia's sergent Samuel Kanyon Doe (1951-1990) assassinated président William Richard Tolbert (1913-1980) and takes power.
-On November 14, 1980, Bissauguinean Joao Bernardo Vieira (1939-2009) reverse Luis de Almeida Cabral (1931-2009).
-On November 25, 1980, the Burkinabe Saye Zerbo overthrew President Lamizana Sangoulé (1916-2005).
-On September 1st, 1981, the Central African Andre Kolingba (1936-2010) overthrew David Dacko (1930-2003).
-On December 31, 1981, The Captain Jerry John Rawlings of Ghana overthrew Hilla Liman (1934-1998) and returned to power for the second time.
-On June 7, 1982, the Chadian Hissène Habré reverses Goukouni Oueddei .
-On November 7, 1982, Dr Jean-Baptiste Ouedraogo of Burkina Faso overthrew Saye Zerbo.
-On August 4, 1983, Thomas Sankara of Burkina Faso (1949-1987) overthrew Jean-Baptiste Ouedraogo.
-On December 31, 1983, Nigeria's Alhaji Muhammadu Buhari overthrew Shehu Usman Aliyu Shagari.
-On April 5, 1984, the Guinean Lansana Conté (1934-2008) overthrew Louis Lansana Beavogui (1923-1984), constitutional successor of Ahmed Sekou Toure (1922-1984).
-On December 12, 1984, the Mauritanian Maaouiya Ould Sid 'Ahmed Taya overthrew Mohamed Ould Khouna Haidalla.
-On April 6, 1985, the Sudanese Abdel Rahman Swar al-Dahab (1930-2010) reverses Gaafar al-Nimeiry.
-On July 27, 1985, the Ugandan Basilio Olara Okello (1929-1990) overthrew Milton Obote.
-On August 27, 1985, Nigerian Ibrahim Babangida overthrew Buhari Muhammadu.
-On May 6, 1986, the Sudanese Ahmed al-Mirghani (1941-2008) reverses Abdel Rahman Swar al-Dahab (1930-1986).
-On May 15, 1987, the Burkinabé Blaise Compaore reverse Thomas Sankara who is assassinated during the coup.
-On September 9, 1987, Burundian Pierre Buyoya overthrew Jean-Baptiste Bagaza.
-On November 7, 1987, Tunisian Zine El-Abidine Ben Ali reverse Habib Bourguiba (1903-2000).

-On June 30, 1989, the Sudanese Omar Hassan el-Bashir overthrew Ahmed al-Mirghani.
-On January 9, 1990, the Liberian Prince Johnson Yormic torture and murders Samuel Kanyon Doe (1951-1990).
-On December 1st, 1990, Idriss Déby overthrew Hissène Habré.
-On March 26, 1991, the Malian Amadou Toumani Toure reverses Moussa Traoré.
-On January 11, 1992, the High Council of the Algerian security reverses Chadli Bendjedid.
-On November 17, 1993, Sani Abacha of Nigeria (1943-1998) Ernest reverse Adegunle Oladeinde Shonekan.
-On September 26, 1995, the Comorian Ayouba Combo (1940-2010) reverses Said Mohamed Djohar (1918-2006) with the help of French mercenary Bob Denard.
-The July 26, 1996, Burundi: Pierre Buyoya overthrew Sylvestre Ntibatunganya.
-On January 27, 1996, the Niger : Ibrahim Bare Mainassara (1949-1999) reverses Mahamane Ousmane.
-On May 17, 1997, Congo (Kinshasa) Laurent Kabila (1939-2001) ousted Zaire Mobutu Sese Seko (1930-1997).
-On June 30, 1999, the Comoros Azali Assoumani reverse Tadjiddine Ben Said Massonde (1933-2004).
-On December 25, 1999, The Ivorian Robert Guei (1941-2002) overthrew  Henri Konan Bedie.
-On May 7, 1999, Bissauguinéen Ansumane Mane (1940-2000) overthrew Joao Bernardo Vieira (1939-2009).
-On April 9, 1999, the Nigerian Daouda Malam Wanké (1954-2004) overthrew Ibrahim Bare Mainassara, who is assassinated during the coup.
-On March 15, 2003, the Central African Francois Bozize Yangouvonda overthrew Ange-Félix Patassé.
-On September 14, 2003, the Bissauguinean Verissimo Correia Seabra  (1947-2004) overthrew Kumba Yala.
-On August 5, 2005, Ely Ould Mohamed Vall overthrew Maaouiya Ould Taya.
-On February 7, 2005, the Togolese Faure Gnassingbé succeeds to his late father, Gnassingbe Eyadema instead of constitutional successor, Fambare Ouattara Natchaba.
-On August 6, 2008, the Mauritanian Mohamed Ould Abdel Aziz overthrew Sidi Mohamed Ould Cheikh Abdallahi.
-On December 24, 2008, Moussa Dadis Camara, took power two days after the natural death of Lansana Conte.
-On March 17, 2009, the Malagasy Andry Rajoelina Nirina reverses Marc Ravalomanana.
-On February 22, 2010, Niger: Djibo reverse Mamadou Tandja.

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