jeudi 14 juillet 2011

"God Save the Children" or intolerance of child poverty in Britain!



Britain is one of the most developed country of the world. Yet there are over three million children living in poverty.
        
In London, 53% of children in the British capital, that is to say more than 300,000 children live below the poverty line.
Of these, over a million and half do not eat their fill and live in poor conditions.
        
The UK rate is among the highest in the industrialized world.
Successive British governments have pledged to improve their standard of living, but have not eradicated poverty.
        
Nearly one in three children growing up in a family earning less than 60% of the average British salary.
        
1.6 million children live in such misery, they do not have enough to eat without heating or live in substandard and overcrowded apartments.

 Sam (11) and her sister Kayleigh (16 years) said!

        
Some of them complain of not eating at night, others say they have nowhere to play.
        
Others tell of the harassment suffered at school because they are badly dressed or they look dirty.
        
Paige, 10, lives in a tower in Glasgow, Scotland. She says she does not dare to invite his friends home, because the walls of the apartment are covered with moisture and mold.
        
Sam, 11, lives in Leicester, in central UK, with his father and sister. At school, he is a victim of bullying from his classmates: "They make fun of me because my pants were torn and too short for me."
        
He continues: "They call me a girl, because I am forced to wear old shirts of my big sister. This puts me out of me and I want to hit them, but I would be punished."
        
Kayleigh, aged 16, said she was worried about her brother Sam, "I'm worried for him constantly. When one is marked, it’s for life."
        
According to the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), all rich countries, Britain is one where children are less likely to escape poverty.
        
In ten years, the number of poor children has fallen by about one million, but "Save the Children" asks the government and British politicians to give priority to disadvantaged young people.
        
According to Sally Copley, a member of the humanitarian organization, it must increase spending on education to help poor children get jobs and situations better than their parents.

Social policy of the government of Tony Blair (1997-2007)

        
The ultra-liberalism of Margaret Thatcher (1979-1990) dug a skewed between rich and poor in Britain, mortgaging the future of youth.
        
Until the late 90s, the United Kingdom had the highest child poverty highest in Europe.
        
The Blair government had inaugurated a new approach to control and reduction of poverty that has been subsequently paid.
He promised to halve child poverty by 2010 and eliminate it by 2020.          After ten years of Blair's social policy, a report published by the "Institute of Public Policy Research" found that if one side the poverty rate has declined in Britain, on the other side The gap between rich and poor was growing inexorably every day.
        
And forecast to decrease by 25% the number of children living in families below 60% of median income by 2004/2005, appear to have been reached, but unfortunately found that the number of homeless families had increased by 17%.
        
In April 2011, the British government released a plan intended to end child poverty by 2020.
        
Under this strategy to help unemployed parents to find gainful employment, improve social services for families and to provide more support for children most vulnerable and disadvantaged.
But is it enough?

The hidden face of opulence displayed in European countries.

        
According to the 2005 study on child poverty in rich countries, conducted by the Research Centre "Innocenti" of UNICEF, the proportion of children living in poverty has risen in 17 out of 24 countries of the OECD ( Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development).
        
At European level, the countries with the lowest rates are Denmark and Finland where the proportion of poor children is less than 3%. The highest rates are in Italy, Ireland, Portugal and the UK where they exceed 15%.
        
The UK pays, on this chapter, the price of years of rampant conservatism and systematic deregulation that caused the collapse of legal protections: children mainly from immigrant communities are working in hair salons, restaurants, laundries, cleaning companies, etc..
        
How many are there? Few tens or hundreds of thousands? Any estimate on this is risky, since child labor in Britain as throughout Europe, is illegal and punishable.

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