lundi 18 juillet 2011

La Paz, Seoul, Kuwait City, Kiev, Hargeisa, Kinshasa, Caracas, Buenos Aires, Abuja, Kabul ...: "The growing pains of democracy!"



"In some democracies, the best candidate in the parliamentary election should be a wrestler or a professional boxer"

La Paz: battle in  the Constituent Assembly of Bolivia!

        
August 24, 2007, a pitched battle with the Bolivian Chamber of Deputies broke because of the political deadlock surrounding the reforms of socialist President Evo Morales.
         The dialogue was stuck between the Movement Towards Socialism (MAS), President Evo Morales holds a simple majority in Parliament and the opposition Liberal and Conservative holding the majority in the Senate.
        
The debate began about the fate of four judges of the Constitutional Tribunal (TC), dismissed by the government for incompetence and corruption. Conservative MPs who hold the majority in the Senate have immediately denounced a violation of the new Constitution.
        
After a suspension of a stormy session, the deputies saw that pro-Morales Conservatorium colleagues had taken over the chairmanship of the meeting, launched the assault, causing quarrels with exchanges of kicks and punches, under the gaze of the cameras on national television.
        
Took office January 22, 2006, President Evo Morales, the first Bolivian president of Amerindian origin, former leader of coca growers, has made major reforms (especially land) and major changes that face the opposition of the great landowners.
        
In October 2006, the government nationalized the gas industry in particular, the main wealth of Bolivia. In retaliation, the oil companies are reluctant to invest in the sector and ensure the maintenance of their facilities while waiting for more "legal certainty"
        
"Those who discriminate against those who exploit and marginalize those who hate the peasant movement must be stopped, as inequality and injustice," he said.
        
On December 6, 2009, he was triumphantly re-elected with over 64% of the vote. His party holds an absolute majority in both houses.
        
Which put a temporary end to the fighting skirmishes and rows in the National Assembly.

Seoul: Brawl in Parliament for the freedom of the press.

        
On July 22, 2009, in Seoul, the Grand National Party (GNP), right-wing conservative party in power passed a series of projects, legislation, long delayed, that ease restrictions for media owners.
        
The opposition says these laws allow large conglomerates (chaebols) and conservative newspapers to control the TV and to restrict the freedom of the press.
        
Members of the Democratic Party (DP), left, stormed the perch of the President of the National Assembly while their colleagues are trying to push out the elected representatives of the opposition who had barricaded the entrance to the Parliament with seats.
        
An elected the Democratic Party is thrown to the ground while his colleagues in the opposition violently attack and try to jump over the heads of their colleagues right that prevent physical targeting of the President of the August meeting.
        
During the fight, around Parliament, the police arrested 200 members of the media who tried to demonstrate.
"There were several wounded," the report said the Korea Times.

Kuwait: A member abused for his comments on suspected terrorists of Al Qaeda!

        
On May 18, 2011, the Parliament of Kuwait, a brawl broke out during the debate on the detainees at Guantanamo of Kuwait.
        
The United States has already released 10 Kuwaitis at Guantanamo, but they have so far rejected all calls from their ally Kuwait for the liberation of two other prisoners.
        
On 1 December 2010, Kuwait had denied that his Minister of Interior Sheikh Jaber Al-Khalid Al-Sabah had asked Washington to let die his two fellow detainees at Guantanamo, as reported by a U.S. diplomatic cable, the February 5, 2009, quoted by WikiLeaks.
        
Shiite MP Hussein Al-Qallaf is accused by MPs to deal with Salafis "of al Qaeda," the Guantanamo detainees. The Honourable Mohammed Hayef Salafis, Al Waleed Al-Tabtabai and Jimaan Hirbish use their iqaal (head covering) to hit Al-Qallaf. Shiite MP Adnan Al-Mutawa who tries to stop the fight and gets beaten was wounded in the eye.
        
He accused Sunni MPs not to believe in democracy, noting that assaulting a physical opponent was "a form of terrorism."
        
Parliament Speaker Sheikh Jassem al-Kharafi adjourned the meeting until May 31, 2011 and ordered a parliamentary investigation.
"It's shameful. This is an incident unprecedented in fifty years of parliamentary democracy "said a Kuwaiti daily English.
        
The news was a shock to the Kuwaitis more used to the quiet of their National Assembly. This fight showed the low level of their deputies and left without hope of improving the conditions of the country.
        
Relations are strained in Kuwait between the Shiite minority, which represents some 30% of the 1.1 million indigenous and with 9 of 50 elected members of Parliament and the Sunnite majority, against a background of local and regional tensions.
        
The tension has increased during the deployment in March of a force in the Gulf to Bahrain to quell pro-democracy protests led by the Shiite majority in this country, Kuwait and the dismantling of a cell spy the benefit of the Revolutionary Guards, the elite corps of the army of the Republic of Iran.

Kiev: Trouble "almost normal" in the Ukrainian Parliament.

        
On April 27, 2010, a fight occurs in the Ukrainian Parliament. Members debate the ratification of a controversial deal on keeping Ukraina from the Russian fleet in the Black Sea. The session degenerates and ends by throwing eggs and smoke bombs.
        
Meanwhile, outside Parliament, thousands of demonstrators protesting in the street.
        
Opponents of the project chanted "Shame!", "Death to the traitors!", "Crimea is ours! " or " fleet outside of Moscow! ".
         They burned portraits of President Vladimir Putin and Viktor Yanukovych.
        
While the pro-Yanukovych protesters carried signs, that read: "Ukraina and Russia, strategic partners," "The Rada supports the president."
         Smoke bombs were thrown into the chamber. The President of the "Verkhovna Rada (the Ukrainian National Assembly),"
  Volodymyr Lytvyn was hit by gunfire egg, causing scenes of confusion in the room. The discussion was soon interrupted.
Finally, MEPs adopted by 236 "for" the controversial agreement which provides for the maintenance of a Russian naval base in Crimea until 2042 against the advice of some of the Ukrainian political class.          The voting results were read by the Parliament, throwing eggs protected under black umbrellas!
        
Hundreds of riot police were deployed there. They were trying to block access of protesters to Parliament and to separate them from hundreds of demonstrators pro-Yanukovich, the Ukrainian President.

And two,

        
On December 12, 2010, a violent fight broke out between members of the Party of Regions President Viktor Yanukovych blocked by the House in favor of his opponent, Julia Timotchenko (former Prime Minister), who were protesting against a corruption investigation against him.
        
Six members of the party of Julia Tymoshenko were seriously injured. There were concussions, a broken jaw and multiple bruises.
        
This fight was unfortunately not the first nor the last in the Ukrainian Parliament.

And three,

        
On May 18, 2011, Vice President of the Ukrainian parliament, Adam Martynyuk, tried to strangle his colleague, Oleg Lyashko who had "treated of a Pharisee," that is to say "a Jewish extremist."
        
Enraged, he jumped on him and grabbed him by the throat!
After releasing his throat, he started to shake until the other members involved to separate them.

And four,

        
On July 5, 2011, dozens of activists of the movement Ukrainian FEMEN invaded the courtyard of the Ukrainian Parliament topless imitating the bullfighters to protest against the proposed raising the retirement age (55 to 60 years for women and 60 to 62 years for civil servants) to be adopted in July 2011.
        
Dressed in black pants and a jacket covering small arms and upper back, bare-breasted women ran into the yard, waving a red cloth like bullfighters in front of police who quickly arrested .
        
"Our action is the reform of brutes. People do not just survive until the age of retirement," shouted one activist FEMEN.
        
The reform of the pension system deficit is largely one of the main conditions required by the IMF to resume its assistance to Ukraine, suspended since late 2010.

Hargeisa: Somaliland Parliament Brawl.

         On September 8, 2009, police in Somaliland took control of parliament after a violent between members of the presidential quarrel (33 seats) and the opposition (48 seats).

        
A member of the party of President Dahir Riyale Kahin (57) threatened a member of the opposition with a revolver.
         "The police intervened hastily to take control of the situation" reported a police official of Somaliland, Mohamed Adan Warfa.
        
The dispute erupted when the opposition moved a motion of censure against President Riyale. Members of the presidential meanwhile had submitted a motion of censure against the president of the National Assembly, Abdirahman Mohamed Abdillahi.
        
After an altercation, a member of the ruling party hit an opposition colleague.
        
"They started to fight. The police came to close the chamber," he told the opposition MP, Ibrahim Mahdi.
        
All members were evacuated and police took control of the building. Bodyguards of members were disarmed according to Mohamed Adan Warfa.
        
The situation was calm in the morning in the streets of Hargeisa, the capital of Somaliland. The parliamentary session was to resume normally. The political tension preceding the presidential election September 27, 2009.
        
Somaliland (137,600 km2), with a population of 3.5 million inhabitants has unilaterally declared its independence on May 18, 1991, while the rest of Somalia plunged into civil war after the fall of the dictator Mohamed Siad Barre (1919-1995).
         This independence is not recognized by the international community.
        
Dahir Riyale Kahin succeeded the late Mohamed Ibrahim Egal May 3, 2002.
        
On July 27, 2010, he was replaced by Ahmed Mohamed Mohamoud, "Silanyo".

Kinshasa: Two sections of the Congolese constitution changed after a scuffle!

        
On January 11, 2011, members of National Parliament have approved the proposed constitutional amendment initiated by the deputies Christopher Robin Minaku and Lutundula Apala, former vice president of the National Assembly and member of the Solidarity Movement for Democracy and Development.
        
Disgruntled members of the opposition were first concert outside of the room before Parliament to denounce the irregularity of the procedure. Without explanation, the member of the Movement for the Liberation of Congo (MLC) Francois Muamba, opposition leader brandishes the threat of a confidence motion the President of the National Assembly, Evariste Boshab (already signed by sixty deputies) .
        
To prevent members of the majority to impose numerical law, members of the opposition invade the top of the podium with the maximum of sounds: whistles, drums shots come from all sides.
        
After a brief suspension of the meeting, follows a stormy session in the control of the tribune: pulling, pushing and exchange punches.          
 Finally, the opposition decided to withdraw from the Chamber.
"The parliamentary opposition has held urgent leave, because the Bureau violated the rules, the constitution and does not respect the procedure. We have filed this morning, a motion of no confidence against President Evariste Boshab. The Congolese people must take note of what is happening ." Tell Kiawama Kia Kiziki Gilbert, former minister of President Mobutu Sese Seko (1930-1997)  and the parliamentary group of Christian Democrats (CDC).
        
After this incident, unprecedented in the annals of parliamentary Congo, the revision of the constitution is approved by the presidential majority with no opposition.
        
"The way the presidential election of the Republic will now turn into one" is the true reason for the brawl at the Palace of the People!
Democratic Republic of Congo since 2001 is headed by President Joseph Kabila (elected in 2006).
         The next presidential election is scheduled for December 2011.

Iran: Mullah Menace in the Iranian Parliament.

        
They would have thought arranged, rosaries in hand, strapped in their jubas (further coats) as their Imam (black or white turbans) in unison chanting "Allah Akbar! "To approve Islamic law imposed by the" Hujjat al-Islam 'Ali Khamenei and his twelve councilors.
        
Not at all! On May 8, 2011, a fight in the Iranian parliament on the budget this year was between the different factions.
         Mullah Rahmani screaming and shouting stood up in front of the parliament speaker, Ali Larijani and Mullah shouted fist raised, "What you just did is a betrayal: I'll make a carnage!" reported the official news agency Mehr.
        
Mullah Rahmani was then rushed to the perch to move up the march. The other members have tried in vain to stop it. Come to roost, he again shouted, "This is a betrayal of the people." Control, it was pushed out of Parliament!
        
The chaos that followed was interrupted by the suspension of the session by the Speaker of Parliament.
        
Mullah Ali Larijani is the son of a great marjaa (source of emulation), Ayatollah Mirza Hashem Amoli, died in 1993 but whose credit among the clergy was considerable.
         In June 2005, he was unhappy with the Office of the President of Iran Mahmoud Ahmadinejad face.
        
The article had angered Mullah Rahmani concerned Simineh River, which runs through the area Miandoab (Qoshachay Azeri) in the province of Azerbaijan, populated mostly by Azeri Turks!

Caracas:  Brawl in Venezuelan Parliament.

        
In February 2009, the Venezuelan National Assembly was the scene of a violent fight between the opposition and the elected Chavez over control of firearms in the country.
        
The fight was triggered by a mere passing of time. The images were broadcast live on television.
        
Parliament was working on a law on the disarmament process which is not based on repression, but the incentive to provide the authorities with guns and other assault rifles illegal, anonymous and a reward cons: fellowship, good purchasing, travel ...
         The coins would be immediately destroyed to prevent possible theft or resale.
        
In fact 26 out of 28 million firearms circulating in this country of 28 million are legal and are responsible for over 90% of homicides.           
The Bolivarian Republic has recorded 14,000 homicides in 2010 with 48 victims per 1,000 people.

Argentina: An opposition MP slapped a colleague in the open chamber.

         November 17, 2010, the member Graciela Camano, president of a parliamentary committee, opposing the policy of the Argentine President Cristina Fernandez Kirchner slapped his colleague Miguel Carlos Kunkel (66) during full parliamentary debate.
        
MP, Graciela Camano, has explained on his gesture: "It's been years that the member, Carlos Kunkel, attacking me with disparaging remarks. He blames me and my husband is a trade unionist. Only personal attacks! And I am careful not to go on that ground. I'm here to do politics. "
        
That day, the Argentine Parliament were to adopt the final text of the Budget 2011. This was not done for lack of quorum because two other deputies of the opposition have reported receiving phone calls urging them to vote the text!
         After a stormy session, the meeting was adjourned sine die.

Taiwan: brawl in parliament.

        
As the Ukrainian Parliament, the Parliament of Taiwan fights are common.
        
On July 8, 2010, more than 70 MPs have come to blows.          Members of the opposition anti-Beijing Democratic Progressive Party (DPP) first started grabbing their colleagues in the Nationalist Party (KMT) by the clothes and exchanged punches. In this makeshift boxing, three members of the KMT were injured and one of them was taken to hospital after a serious crash.
        
The object of the offense was a sensitive and passionate: «the trading partnership with China ».
         The opposition MPs in a statement admitted having had recourse to violence "after exhausting all other means to prevent the passage of the law."
         But we fight so often in the National Assembly Taiwan, one wonders if the battle should not write "hand games" in the constitution as a legal way to be heard.

Abuja: Death of a member during a fight in the Federal Parliament of Nigeria.

         On
June 22, 2010, Dr. Aminu Shuaibu Safan (46), Member of Parliament, elected in Katsina State (North) passed away at the state hospital in Abuja as a result of blows received during a violent fight to the Federal Assembly.
         The battle was punctuated by punches, blows the whistle, used tear gas, evacuation muscular, ripped clothing. Two deputies were injured. In the process, journalists are harassed and some of their seized property
        
The quarrel was caused by the fate of the president of the Lower House of Parliament (Speaker) from June to October 2007, Ms. Patricia Etteh (b. 1953) who refused to resign at the request of lawyers, religious and trade union .
        
According to the News Agency of Nigeria NAN, the President went to the hospital, where "she burst into tears" over the body of the member.
         The death has given a further turn ignited the dispute over the fate of the president, a member of the Peoples Democratic Party (PDP to power), also suspected of being the mistress of former President Olusegun Obasanjo Matthew (1999-2007 ).

Kabul: Fighting between two elected to the "Wolesi Jirga," the Afghan National Assembly.

        
On July 5, 2011, two Afghan MPs fought in full National Assembly with his fists after a violent exchange of amenities.
        
The retired general, Zaki Nazif spoke harshly to her colleague Hamida Ahmadzai before him swinging a bottle of water on the head, according to images from private Tolo TV News.
         Furous,
MP Ahmadzai has returned the bottle. Zaki was then thrown over his neck to strangle. She then send a series of blows from fists in his face.
        
Members of male attempted to separate the two women exchanged heavy punches.
        
The Afghan National Assembly "Wolesi Jirga" is considered a rubber stamp orders of President Hamid Karzai in power since December 7, 2004.
         There is no majority or opposition. Sixty-eight of 249 seats are reserved for women. It brings together former warlords of the anti-Soviet former communist personalities of obedience and elected officials from Western civil society.
        
Most Members did not wish to comment on the incident. Clashes, most frequently limited to verbal or throwing bottles, opposed from time to time, male members, but the clashes between women are extremely rare.
"Two of our colleagues began to quarrel and disrupted the session. I'm not sure the reasons for their dispute," he told to AFP the Assistant Secretary of the Assembly, Mohammad Farhad Azimi.
A member, who requested anonymity, told AFP that the wrath of Ms. Zaki was caused by a remark of Mrs. Ahmadzai, about the first Afghan Vice President Mohammad Qasim Fahim, warlord and former controversial right arm of Ahmed Shah Massoud (1953-2001 figure of the anti-Soviet and anti-Taliban from 1996 to 2001.

"The essence of democracy, its principle is precisely that it is never perfect, never-ending, never truly democratic," said the French philosopher Bernard-Henri Lévy

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