dimanche 24 juillet 2011

Nigeria / DR Congo: From prison to power!


Nigeria: A prisoner elected governor

        
May 29, 2007, Chief Theodore Orji Ahamefule (59 years) was elected governor of Abia State, south-eastern Nigeria while serving three months detention prison Kirikiri. Candidate of the Peoples Alliance for Progress (APP-Opposition), he had been imprisoned a few weeks before the election.
        
He topped the poll ahead of his main rival in the ruling party, the People's Democratic Party (PDP), Chief Onyema Ugochukwu.
Scenes of jubilation greeted the announcement of the streets of the capital Umuahia, when the PDP candidate, unhappy, denounced irregularities and tampering.
        
Theodore Orji Ahamefule, which was made even more popular and sympathetic with voters, has been released immediately in the days following his election.
        
He was sworn in May 2007 after being granted immunity, like all governors of Nigeria.
Nigeria has witnessed other cases. Moshood Abiola died in prison          July 7, 1998 after winning a presidential election annulled in 1993 while Obasanjo was triumphantly elected president of Nigeria in 1999 after been sentenced to life in prison for conspiracy and served time in prison until June 1998.

        
DR Congo: JP. Bemba, a prisoner of the ICC, candidate for President of the Republic.

        
Author of a book with the evocative title "Le choix de la liberté (The Choice of Freedom)" (published by Venus, Gbadolite, 2002), the son of Jeannot Bemba Saolona (1942-2009) born on November 4, 1962 at Bokada in the Equateur province has not the freedom that he evokes in his book.
        
In 2003, he was sentenced by a Belgian court in absentia "for human trafficking."
        
Arrested in Brussels May 24, 2008, following a mandate set the day before the International Criminal Court (ICC). He was imprisoned at the prison in Scheveningen in Holland, having passed through the prison of Saint-Gilles in Brussels. Accused of serial rapes, looting, killings and even cannibalism, he is awaiting trial.

        
Itinerary of a spoiled child?

        
After high school to college Boboto in Kinshasa, he obtained a degree in commercial and consular at the Institut des Hautes Etudes Commerciales (ICHEC) in Brussels.
        
Back in Kinshasa, he followed his father in business (Telecommunications, Aviation, Broadcasting, etc.).
Bemba's family is so tied to the President of Zaire, Mobutu Sese Seko (1930-1997) that he is suspected to be his illegitimate son.
        
His sister is married to Mobutu Nzanga, resulting from the second bed of the dictator of Zaire.
        
In his last days, the president of Zaire assigned missions the most delicate and probably dream of making him his successor.
        
In May 1997, when Mobutu was ousted by Laurent Kabila, fearing for his life, he went into exile in Portugal.
        
A year later with the logistical support and military president of Uganda, Yoweri Museveni, he founded the Movement for the Liberation of Congo (MLC). Its armed wing, the Congo Liberation Army (CLA) is composed mainly of former members of the defunct National Army Zaire.

        
An army of vandals, rapists and cannibals.

        
In 2002, from his stronghold of Gbadolite (Ecuador), at the request of Libyan President Gaddafi Mo'ammar, he sent his militia of 1.500 men to help President Ange-Félix Patassé (1937-2011), to violently suppress the population after a attack of the rebellion led by his former chief of staff, General Francois Bozize (Central African current president).
        
Ragged troops nicknamed "Banyamulenge" by the Central Africans to benefit 3,000 women raped Central, 500 Central Africans were killed and to plunder in some districts of Bangui, Bimbo and the towns of Damara Sibut, Bossangoa ... During the period October 26, 2002 and March 15, 2003.
        
Bemba and Patasse order their soldiers to terrorize civilians to dissuade them to ally with Bozize's rebels. The crackdown left more than 650 victims. This is what the ICC prosecutor, Luis Moreno Ocampo, calls for war crimes and crimes against humanity.
In 2003, he was accused of cannibalism on Mambasa pygmies in the Zairian forest by the UN
        
June 30, 2003, as part of the peace process initiated by the UN, he was co-opted vice president in charge of Economy and Finance in the transitional government.
        
Candidate in the 2006 presidential election under the banner of the MLC, he happens in the first round with 20% of the vote behind his rival Joseph Kabila Kabange.
        
July 27 to August 22, 2006, his militia of 2,000 men strong clash with troops loyal. He escaped a bombing of his home where he had met with Western ambassadors, members of the International Committee in Support of the Transition (CIAT) and the representative of the UN Mission for Congo (MONUC), the American William Swing. In the second round of presidential elections, supported by the coalition "Union for the Nation (UN)", he got 42% of the vote.
        
January 19, 2007, he was elected senator. 22 and 23 March 2007, his militia mutiny and face the Congolese Armed Forces in the streets of Kinshasa. The fights are all dead and 600 wounded. He took refuge at the Embassy of South Africa in Kinshasa.
        
Fearing for his safety and covered by a warrant, he took refuge in Faro, Portugal pretext of medical care.

Utopia or Lure: From Scheveningen to Mont-Ngaliema?

        
On July 22, 2011, from his cell, he wrote a letter read at the congress of his party, the Movement for the Liberation of Congo (MLC) which was asked the other candidate, former president of the National Assembly, Vital Kamerhe: "My candidacy for president will be, should you be pleased with him, a candidate for a certain victory" (...) "I assure you that my desire to serve the Congo is intact. Rest assured, I will not fall not give up. I do not fear the justice of man, only God's justice matters to me (...) My eyes are firmly fixed on the end of 2011. I prepared every day "
         The presidential election, a poll in a single turn in the Democratic Republic of Congo is scheduled for November 28, 2011, while the trial of the candidate Jean-Pierre Bemba began November 22, 2010. August 22, 2011 it will resume before the Trial Chamber III of the International Criminal Court (ICC) in The Hague, the seat of the Court. At that time, he will be neither voter nor eligible.
        
Since his arrest, his property and assets were frozen. He did not even have money to pay his lawyers Nkwebe Liriss Bar of Gombe in Kinshasa and Aime Kilolo Musamba Lubemba who said that they are working free of charge. They received 30,150 Euros per month made by the office of the ICTY, a loan repayable after the procedure.
But who will pay the election? And if it was just a campaign to jam the real campaign chair the Democratic Republic of Congo.
        
Why are other opponents of President Joseph Kabila Kabange, Etienne Tshisekedi wa Mulumba and Vital Kamerhe Were in The Hague, the ICTY see the prisoner before launching their campaigns through the Congolese provinces? What are the three words?

An application for an alibi or derision?

Article 7 of the Congolese electoral law stipulates that voters can not be:
-A person deprived by final judicial decision of their civil and political
-A non-registered on the electoral roll,
-A person who is abroad.

Section 8 requires a home address of residence or domicile.
Are ineligible:
-Persons deprived of their civil and political rights.
-Persons convicted of war crimes, genocide and crimes against humanity by an international criminal court.

        
But after spending three years in prison in Scheveningen, what else could dream of, if not in power, who had been falsely called "Mwana Mboka" and just missed in 2006 to succeed his putative father, Mobutu Sese Seko Kuku Ngbendu wa Za Banga at the head of Zaire?

        
Is it a candidate for derision or rather a bid to prepare an alibi of the next armed rebellion in the Democratic Republic of Congo in light of the violence that often engages "Bana Mboka" who swear by the murder of President Joseph Kabila Kabange, the favorite for the next presidential election?

"What frightens me, Martin Luther King said,  is not the oppression of the wicked  but the indifference of good"

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