vendredi 26 août 2011

Czech Republic: The real father of the European Union.


Count Richard Nikolaus Coudenhove-Kalergi (1894-1972) of Czech nationality, the son of an Austro-Hungarian diplomat, speaking 18 languages ​​in October 1923 offers the first modern project of a united Europe in his book "Paneuropa", a prophetic and inspiring book.
        
To disseminate his ideas, he founded the pan-European movement, the first Congress, which brings together over 2,000 participants, held at the Konzerthaus in Vienna from 3 to 6 October 1926.
        
His message is perceived by many intellectuals including Albert Einstein (1879-1955), Sigmund Freud (1856-1939), Thomas Mann (1875-1955), José Ortega, as well as by political figures as Édouard Herriot (1872-1957) Konrad Adenauer (1876-1967), Maurice Schuman (1911-1998), Winston Churchill (1874-1955) and especially Aristide Briand (1862-1932).
        
In 1938, because of the Anschluss, he fled to Switzerland, especially as his wife is Jewish and he is hated by Adolf Hitler (1889-1945). From there he moved to the United States, where he teaches at the University of New York.
        
He leads a research seminar for the creation of a federation of European states that became the center of the Pan-European Union in exile.
        
He took French citizenship in 1939. The end of the war led him to return to Switzerland, as a first step in Gstaad.
         After suggesting in 1947 the creation of the first postage stamp Europe is in the city he founded in 1947 the European Parliamentary Union, which will result after the Congress of Europe in The Hague in 1948 on the creation of the Council of Europe, and inspire the European Parliament.
        
On May 18, 1950, he received the International Charlemagne Prize.
He formulated two prescient quotes:

"Every great historic event began as a utopia to end up as reality."
"Neither West nor the East do not want to save Europe: Russia wants to conquer it and America wants to buy it."

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