mardi 30 août 2011

Mauritius: first drug use in Africa.


Mauritius is accustomed to economic performance has been shocked to be "winning" in an area low status: the use of drugs.
         According to the 2009 report of the UN Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC), the Mauritians are in proportion to their numbers, Africans the most addicted to opiates, substances derived from opium.
With a prevalence rate of 1.95 per thousand consumers, the country lies second in the world behind Iran.
         Drugs "is a real problem," admits a part of the National Agency for the treatment and rehabilitation of drug users.
         And it is mostly young people from poor backgrounds who are affected: "This is on the rise due to poverty, which itself is growing in the country. In my area, for example, number of children not attending school, while it is compulsory until age 16. All day, they wander the streets, sniffing glue and taking plenty of powerful cough, "
said William Jamaluddin, a city councilor Riche-Terre, town north of Port Louis, capital of Mauritius.

The Mauritian government to the rescue of his youth.

         Thanks to the mobilization of social activists and various NGOs, the government of Mauritius has just opened a large rehabilitation center, home to nearly 600 children and adolescents. Among them, and Asad Ashraf, twin brothers who agreed to testify:
         "We started smoking joints at the age of 11 years, then we have taken strong cough. Four years later, we started to bite us Subutex [substance normally used in the treatment of opiate substitution, ed] in the veins. "
         In 2004 there were almost 20,000 drug users (1.2 million inhabitants) and the phenomenon has grown.
         Consumption of heroin, Subutex and Cannabis is increasingly important, especially among youth and women, and promotes the spread of HIV / AIDS
         But the classification of the UNODC is experienced as an injustice in the country. "The methodology, which is to quadruple the number of consumers arrested for their actual number is questionable,"
protested the Mauritian authorities.
         On the other hand, the classification is truncated, that "less than half the countries have responded to questionnaires."
        
After turning a blind eye for years, the authorities step up efforts to assist drug addicts.
         A law was passed to fight against the phenomenon and positive results are already registered, reported IPS. The Mauritian Prime Minister Navin Ramgoolam, has presented satisfactory figures in Parliament earlier this year:
         "The number of people linked to drug trafficking arrested in Mauritius rose from 1,500 in 2000 to 1,800 in 2010, and the same year, about 3 kg of heroin, 55 kg of cannabis and 20,301 Subutex tablets were seized by the police. "
        
Mauritius, independent since 12 March 1968 is populated with 1,268,835 inhabitants (2008) and covers an area of ​​1866 km2.

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