vendredi 23 septembre 2011

Great Britain: A missing key cause of the sinking of the Titanic.


On September 22, 2011, the Chinese businessman, Shen Dongjun bought at auction in London for 78,000 pounds sterling (about 1.2 million yuan), the key which is probably causing the sinking of the Titanic.
         The Titanic 46. 000 tons, struck an iceberg in the North Atlantic to eleven forty-five p.m. April 14 and sank on April 15 at 2.20 am in the morning.
        
The Titanic ocean liner of the British company "White Star Line" was nevertheless deemed unsinkable. The shipwreck at the bottom of the Atlantic caused 1522 deaths.

A last minute permutation of the staff.
 
        
Before the sailing of the Titanic April 10, 1912 from Southampton in southern England, the second in command of the ship David Blair, 37,  was replaced by Charles Herbert Lightoller, under the orders of the commander of the ship 'Olympic, Henry Wilde (who was among the victims) because of his experience on ships of this size by the head of the White Star Line, Captain Edward J. Smith.
        
David Blair, who had flown Belfast-Southampton told to his sister-in love on a postcard he sent some later before the Titanic weighing from Southampton:
        
"I'm afraid I have to leave my place for the commander in chief of the Olympic. It's a beautiful ship. I am very disappointed not to be on the first crossing. "

        
The two sailors hurriedly proceeded to trade procedures, information and everyday objects. David Blair in a hurry, forgot to put a key to her drawer to his replacement. That was the key to a locked drawer where was the only pair of binoculars  available to the Titanic.
        
In 1912, the boats did not have sonar, and these binoculars were essential to the watchmen to detect obstacles that threatened the ship. They were obliged to observe these obstacles to the naked eye!
        
When they saw the iceberg, it was too late. When the official investigation into the sinking, one of the watchmen, Fred Fleet, who survived the tragedy, told that if the lookouts had binoculars they would have seen the obstacle earlier.
        
Senator Smith, who chaired the inquiry, asked: "Assuming though you had binoculars, could you have seen this black object further?"
Fleet-response: "We could see a little earlier."
Smith: "Earlier, that is to say?"
Fleet: "enough to avoid it."
Smith: "You regret not having binoculars ?"
-Fleet: "Yes, sir."
        
According to the U.S. investigation into the sinking, Fred Fleet remembers seeing David Blair with binoculars during the crossing Belfast-Southampton.
        
When asked where the twins had passed, Fred Fleet said: "We do not know. All we know is that we did not."

A rare and valuable luxury article!

"I think this is one of the most important objects of the Titanic," said Alan Aldridge, of Henry Aldridge home and Sons, which has the key auction.
        
If Lightoller had the key, there would probably have binoculars in the pot-pie. This key could have saved the Titanic."
        
After the departure of the Titanic, Blair realized he had the famous key but it was too late! When he saw that this permutation saved his life, he kept the key in memory.
        
Subsequently, he left the key to his daughter Nancy, which donated it in the 80s of last century, to the International Association of Marine and British Association of Sailors.
        
Later, David Blair was awarded the Medal of Bravery "Gallantry Medal" for having saved a crewman jumped into the water.


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