lundi 12 septembre 2011

The new republic of South Sudan needs a capital express!


Juba, a city lacking.

         The Republic of South Sudan (populated by 8.4 million people over an area of ​​589,745 km2) proclaimed July 9, 2011 does not have capital. Juba is the capital of Central Equatoria state. The provisional capital which was proclaimed the independence of the country is "virtually a city that needs schools and hospitals, but spending money to build a cathedral in the desert, in a country where the population lives below the poverty line, and barely a hundred kilometers of paved roads, it leaves us puzzled frankly "told to MISNA an urban planning expert of the UN contacts.
        
The city built too quickly (about five years) has approximately 372,410 inhabitants in 2011.
         The country has no road infrastructure and which serves as the administrative and political capital is a vast slum clusters.
All paved roads are interrupted at the end of the city, giving way to dusty, bumpy tracks, as if this capital case was put in the middle of a landlocked and predominantly rural.
        
Throughout the southern Sudan, just a hundred kilometers of roads have been asphalted in five years.
        
In other words, everything is done in Southern Sudan where 80% of the population is illiterate and 90% of the population live below the poverty line.

Ramciel, where the elephants meet.

        
The choice of the new capital has been on Ramciel whose name translates to "Where the elephants meet."
        
The President of the Republic, Salva Kiir Mayardit appointed representatives of a ministerial committee to make on-site surveys on barriers and opportunities to establish definitively the capital of South Sudan independent.
        
The committee has 45 days to make his report and the building of the new capital will last 4-6 years.
        
The choice to transfer the capital from Juba to Ramciel, 240 km further north, is dictated by the impasse of the debate between the central government and institutions of the state of Central Equatoria to the administration of the city.
        
Before July 9, 2011, when the official proclamation of independence, community Baari, residing in Juba, had accused the Dinka and Nuer ethnic groups of the new dominant power, to withdraw the area to its rightful owners, expropriating entire neighborhoods under the guise of making the capital of the new state.
        
Located in the geographic center of southern Sudan, Ramciel is located in a desert area completely devoid of infrastructure and brick buildings, near the border with the states of Equatoria, Bahr el Ghazal and Upper Nile.
        
On September 2, 2011, the federal government has confirmed the choice of Ramciel as the new capital of Southern Sudan in 2016.
"The people of the state of Lakes received the news with joy. Establish the capital of South Sudan Ramciel was also the will of the hero of the liberation struggle, John Garang de Mabior. Now his wish will be realized, "said to MISNA Tony Oliver, a journalist from the central state of the country.

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