dimanche 25 septembre 2011

Zipporah, the black wife of Moses.


Her name means "Little Bird (Zippor in Hebrew)." She is a Cushite, that is to say Ethiopian ebony skin. Baby gathered on the banks of the Red Sea close to his mother the victim of a shipwreck around 1450 BC, it is adopted by Jethro, the priest of Midian patriarch (Northern Arabia).
         She has six daughters (including Orma) and a son. She is charged by his countrymen to make offerings to the god Horeb they are at the top of the mountain of the same name which is nothing but the Sinai.
         They say they are descendants of Abraham and Joseph.
Zipporah pampered lives in the home of his adoptive father and received a good education.
         After killing an Egyptian foreman who was beating the Hebrew slaves, Moses was forced to flee Egypt. He fled to Midian countries in Northern Arabia.
         He falls in love Zipporah who just saved him from the hands of rapists to the chagrin of his "sister" Orma (daughter of Jethro). She first became his mistress and his wife and bore him two children: Gershom and Eliezer.
        
Twice, she saves his life: once when pursued by police Pharaonic and the second time in the wilderness, she found a cure that saves him from death.
         It was she who pushed him to achieve his mission: to deliver the Jews from Egyptian bondage. She marries him and they leave together in Egypt to follow the orders of the Lord and confront the powerful Pharaoh Ramses II.
        
The Bible (Exodus IV, 20) says she circumcised his youngest son with a piece of flint to calm the anger of the Lord to Moses, who was not. She follows the Jewish fugitives, going with them the Red Sea on dry ground.
         But she suffered the vengeance of Aaron and Miriam, Moses' brother and sister. When they are attacking her because of her black skin, Moses gets angry and reminds them of their former condition of slavery.
         Myriam will be convicted to have white skin with leprosy.
In the second pilgrimage to Moses at Mount Sinai to bring back the Tablets of the Law, she helplessly at the sacrilege of the Golden Calf.          In the wild stampede which marks the return of their father, their two young children Gershom and Eliezer die crushed by the crowd.
        
Zipporah is driven from the ranks of Jews and murdered on his return to his people at the behest of his sister Orma who has never forgiven his love for Moses.
        
When Moses lays down rules to govern the 613 Jews in the desert, he constantly refers to the respect due to strangers.
         "You welcome the stranger in your house as one of yours because you have been abroad in the land of Egypt .. " Lord told him.          This is the direct influence of Zipporah and therefore, Jews, Christians and Muslims claim it.
         According to Jewish tradition, she would be buried in the Tomb of the Matriarchs in Tiberias.
        
But for years, it has been shown in white in biblical mythology.
During the Renaissance, Sandro Botticelli (1445-1510) is in the "Trials of Moses" and Michelangelo (1475-1564) painted in the Sistine Chapel in Rome enthusiasm to circumcise his son in the desert is a white with blue eyes.
         Bias force of the Renaissance! In the film, "The Ten Commandments (1956)" of Cecil Blount DeMille (1881-1959), the role of Sephora (sic) is played by the blonde Yvonne De Carlo (1922-2007) to the side of Charleton Heston ( Moses) (1923-2008).

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