mercredi 26 octobre 2011

Yougoslavia/Guinea: Crossed destinies between the widows of Josip Broz Tito and Ahmed Sèkou Touré.

The widow of Josip Broz Tito, 30 years of galley.

         Jovanka Broz Budisavljevic, born December 7, 1924 in the village of Pecan in the region of Lika, Croatia married Marshal Josip Broz Tito in April 1952. He is Serb, she is Croat. During the reign of her husband, she holds the rank of Staff of the Yugoslav National Army (JNA). Marshal Tito dies at 87 May 4, 1980 in Ljubljana after leading Yugoslavia since 1953.
On July 27, 1980, she is deprived of his identity papers, clothing, her letters, her archives and also precious gifts she had received and expelled by the authorities of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia's villa at No. 15 rue Uzicka.
She is informed, two years after the death of her husband, she could not receive any pension because she had no identification and because "Tito does not receive a wage."
She is credited with a house in front of the Beli Dvor. Impoverished and deprived of their basic rights, she is completely isolated. She no longer has the right to move freely, she is monitored, his phone is placed on listening and few friends are also monitored.
After several years of intervention with the presidency of socialist Yugoslavia at the time, some of her jewelry and glass shells shall be returned.
In July 2009, 84 years after three decades of legal battles with the help of Me Volume Fila, she finally obtained a passport and identity card "Serbian", a pension up to the salary of the chief administrative officer, that is to say, the president of the Serbian Parliament, a car and driver.

The peregrinations of Hadja Andrée Touré!

         Daughter of French physician, Duplantier and Kaissa Kourouma, Marie-Andrée was born in Macenta in 1934. Her education was entrusted to her godmother, Louise Rouvin after the return of his father in France. Her mother married Thierno Bah Madjou second wife and Ibrahima Sory Keita (died July 1958) third wife, she becomes the seventh of ten wives.
Ahmed Sekou Toure, Faranah born January 9, 1922, Pan-Africanist union, led Guinea to a bloody hand for twenty-seven years. He married his third wife, Marie-Andrée Kourouma on the advice of his close friend, Dr. Kanfory Sanoussi. At 56, he fell suddenly ill. He died during an operation March 26, 1984 in Cleveland (Ohio) United States.
"Ahmed Sekou Toure became ill on the night of Thursday to Friday and the following Friday, he is buried. He died Monday, March 24, 1984, so a short illness. He was buried the next day and there was the coup, unfortunately. A week later, precisely on Saturday following the week of his funeral, we were arrested. The companions of my husband, his parents, his sisters, who have no involvement in the fight, because they were illiterate, but because they were sisters, my children, my sisters too, the members my family, we were arrested and jailed in Kindia. Some employees have died in prison. Close associates of my husband with Prime Minister Lansana Diallo, who died in prison. Some were released. My son and months, we stayed four years in prison. When we came by the grace of God, we were under house arrest. I had to reside in the village of my mother and my son Macenta in the village of his father Faranah. We had not even the possibility of contact," She said.
Through the intervention of King Hassan II of Morocco, Hadja Andrée Touré is released on 1st January 1988. On March 14, 1988, she released from Guinea to settle in Ivory Coast supported by President Félix Houphouet-Boigny. She lives under the protection of Thérese Houphouet-Boigny until her husband died December 7, 1993.          Her daughter, Aminata Toure moved with his family in Morocco, and her son Mohamed Touré receives a scholarship Houphouet-Boigny to study in the United States.
She finds refuge in Senegal with her little sister. In 1997, she returned a first in Guinea for the funeral of his mother. In 2000, she took advantage of the celebration of the centenary of the death of the Almamy Samory Toure in Guinea to return permanently. She also took the opportunity to close the grave of her husband remained open for 17 years!
It was until 1996, that is to say, twelve years after the death of her husband that the Guinean government started to pay the widow of President.
         On October 29, 2004, she was invited by the South African President Nelson Mandela to receive the medal awarded to her late husband Ahmed Sekou Toure, for his struggle against apartheid.
         On October 2, 2008, she was awarded during the celebration of the fiftieth anniversary of the Independence of Guinea.

Sic transit gloria mundi!

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