jeudi 20 octobre 2011

France: Nicolas Sakorzy, co-prince of Andorra.

The Principality of Andorra (468 km2), located in the Pyrenees between Spain and France, about 200 km from Toulouse has no sovereign itself means the authority is divided between the Bishop of Urgell in Catalonia (Spain) and the President of the French Republic: Each co-prince of Andorra.
         In the twelfth century, the sovereignty of Andorra returned to the diocese of Urgell, administered by a bishop. For fear of losing their territories meet local nobles, prelates signed a treaty with the lord Catalan, Arnaud de Caboet. In the early thirteenth century, these are the accounts of Foix who inherit the fief of Andorra.
         In 1278, the tension between the accounts of Foix and the Bishops of Urgell is resolved by the signing of a préage (sharing in Catalan), which officially sharing the sovereignty of Andorra co-prince between a clergyman and a co-secular prince .
         Heir to the county of Foix and therefore the co-principality of Andorra Henri IV attached to the title of King of France that of co-prince of Andorra.
         After the Revolution, the French Republic does not exercise sovereignty over Andorra, the Bishop of Urgell being the only co-prince. Napoleon Bonaparte claimed the continuity of the joint French sovereignty over Andorra, regardless of the French sovereign.
         This explains that even today, the presidents of the French Republic are co-secular princes of Andorra!
         Currently, the co-prince of Andorra Church is Bishop Joan Enric Vives i Sicilia (60), invested 12 May 2003, while the co-secular prince is president Nicolas Sarkozy. They delegate their powers to two provosts: the provost clegical and the provost French bishop.
         Andorra (81,222 inhabitants in 2006) that uses the euro without being part of the European Union is considered a tax haven because it raises no tax (VAT) nor tax income on the capital.

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