lundi 10 octobre 2011

Marrakech and its two Amazons: Nefzaouia Zaynab and Fatima Zahra Mansouri.


Zynab Nefzaouia, founder of Marrakech.

         Born in 1039 in Aghmat, a small village nestled in the Ourika valley at the foot of the Atlas, she received from her father, Ishaq Houari (a rich merchant from Kairouan) an education rather advanced for his time. She learns to read and write. In her youth, she shows a higher intelligence and participates in political debates.
        
Smart, beautiful and distinguished, she is married to a very young tribal leader. Too smart, she was immediately repudiated. Remarried, she immediately loses her second husband. Spoils of war, she becomes a slave in the harem of Abu Bakr who gives her to his nephew Youssef Ibn Tachfin Almoravid founder of the dynasty.
        
The latter became her fourth and last husband, along with her only love. Despite their age difference (27 years), the couple saw a passion that gives the reason of state. Morocco is at this time a small kingdom divided.
Born in 1009 in the tribe sanhadjienne the Lemtouna originating in Adrar, Mauritania in what is now the ruler Almoravid, Youssef Ibn Tachfin only dreams of conquest.
        
Under the advice of Zaynab, he extended his empire from the Atlantic to Kabylia, the Mediterranean, Senegal, to Andalusia (Seville, Granada, Almeria, Badajoz, etc. ..)
In 1062, in the absence of her conqueror husband off to war, she establishes a nomad camp at a place called Marrakech, "a valley of Eden adorned on one side by the snow of the Atlas and the other by the heat of the desert. "
        
Over time, the camp became a prosperous city and the capital of southern Morocco. It's she who designs the plans and responsibilities. In the absence of her husband, the government wisely and strongly contributes to the irresistible expansion of Marrakech (Earth God) or Marruecos (Morocco) in Spanish. Before passing away in 1106, Youssef Ibn Tachfin transmits his power to his son, Ali Ben Youssef, leaving his widow Zaynab immersed in her grief alone until his death in 1117.
        
Nine hundred and seventy years later, the city of Marrakech "Pearl of the South" with a million people elects its first mayor, in the person of Fatima Sahra Mansouri. Marrakech is Morocco's largest city (903,589 inhabitants in 2009) and the second city after Essaouira to elect a woman as its head. But what intrigues for the reincarnation of Zaynab?

Fatima Zahra Mansouri: First woman "mayor" of Marrakech

        
Beautiful, distinguished, brilliant lawyer, Fatima Zahra, the daughter of Abderrahman Mansouri, Pacha (deputy governor) was born in 1976 in Marrakech. After studying commercial law in France, she became a lawyer.
        
June 12, 2009, she was elected mayor of Marrakech on the list of Authenticity and Modernity Party (WFP) created in 2008 by Fouad Ali El Himma.
        
First stroke of fate: his father died the day of his election. Second twist of fate: a month later, July 13, 2009, to the surprise of his constituents, his election was invalidated by the Administrative Court of Marrakech because of the "singular irregularities".
        
But the ruling was immediately canceled. She became the second female mayor in modern history after the Moroccan Polytechnique, Asmaa Chaabi who chaired the city of Essaouira between 2003 and 2009.

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