lundi 10 octobre 2011

Orania, the last bastion of apartheid.

Since 1991, Orania, a "private" town of 1523 inhabitants of 3,000 hectares in Northern Cape Province in South Africa in the Karoo desert area which was a state Afrikaner (Volkstaat) under the leadership of Professor Carel Willem Hendrik Boshoff (1927-2011), a former missionary of the Dutch Reformed Church.
         In 1990, when the government of FW de Klerk began negotiations with the Constitutional African National Congress to repeal the last apartheid laws still in force, with other farmers, he buys for 200 thousand dollars the land abandoned village of Orania (Cape Province) on behalf of a private company the "Vluyteskraal Aandeleblok company".
He moved with his family (including Betsie Verwoerd, his stepmother, and his son Carel Boshoff II) and hundreds of supporters to live Volkstaat and preserve the cultural heritage of the Afrikaner.
         In the middle of the city the statue of his stepfather, former Prime Minister of South Africa from 1958 to 1966, Hendrik Frensch Verwoerd (1901-1966), architect of apartheid assassinated September 6, 1966 by Dimitri Tsafendas (1918-1999), a Metis balance of Portuguese and Mozambican alongside statues of several icons of Afrikaner historiography as Paul Kruger (1825-1904).

Between dream and reality mythological

         Orania has twelve streets, referring to the names in Afrikaans with some modifications the twelve precious stones that adorn the foundations of the new Jerusalem in the Apocalypse of St. John (21, 19-21): Jasper (opal in Afrikaans), Saffier ( sapphire), Agaat (chalcedony), Smarag (emerald), Sardoniks (sardine), Beril (beryl), Topa (Topaz), Ametis (amethyst), Oniks (Onix), Robyn (diamond), Perella (beads).
         The town has two schools Die Volkskool Orania (School of the people of Orania) and Chrislike Volkseie Onderwys Skool (Orania Christian private school).
         In 1995, Nelson Mandela came to visit Carel Willem Hendrik Boshoff, to the chagrin of the community who saw reconciliation advocated by the South African president a way to "kill" culture Boer.         

It features the "Vryheidsvlag" whose dominant color is orange, traditional color of the Dutch in the seventeenth and eighteenth century and a symbol of the common name in Afrikaans and Afrikaans is spoken exclusively. Orania relations with Israel.
         Young Farmers Afrikaner conduct regular courses in the kibbutz to study new techniques for planting.
         "The use of Blacks for domestic or other made us idlers. That's why we lost the country. Everything here is for whites. There is no black or mixed race. Orania is private. They do not have to come! "

         Orania has asked the South African government, according to the UN Charter, to grant them autonomy if not independence.
         In April 2004, Orania has created its own currency, the Ora used exclusively in its territory. The Volkstaat (State of the People) has its own community bank and its radio.
          In March 2009, for the first time, the ANC election posters were applied in the main street of the city, but no one voted for President Jacob Zuma, who went there to visit September 14, 2010.
         Carel Boshoff Willem Hendrik died March 16, 2011. He was succeeded by his son Carel Boshoff IV.

1 commentaire:

  1. Hallo Mr. Kanyarwunga,

    I have read and enjoyed many of your blog-entries, unfortunately there
    seem to be a problem with placing comments. On one article I simply
    could not help and felt compelled to e-mail you my response. On your
    article on Orania:

    Bastion of Apartheid? Wow what a misrepresentation. Let me explain:
    Apartheid the concept whereby a white minority whom did not form a
    majority in any sphere of existence employed millions of black people
    but without giving them any political voting rights ie: you do the
    work but can not vote. Hence apartheid by default in fact mitigated
    against any meaningful separation of the races as all government
    policies it usually attains the opposite of it’s original intention.
    Orania is the concept of localism whereby a specific ethnic group
    performs there own labour on there own land, purchased with there own
    money. So I am afraid it is a lot of things but a bastion of Apartheid
    it is not!

    It is also true that Orania was build from scratch from about 1992
    onwards without any government help or international handouts. It
    incorporates strict private property rules and if it was not forced to
    pay taxes to a corrupt government God knows how much more successful
    they could have been. If all communities in Africa could employ this
    strategy of self-help and self employment we could in fact decimate
    poverty on this continent for all its peoples.

    If your objection is the fact that the inhabitants of Orania is white,
    then we should reassess the existence of black and Asian communities
    in Europe and that I am afraid is problematic. I am a Anarchist and
    have been a longtime supporter of all intentional communities and
    don’t care if it is a black, Jewish, Rastafarian, white or gay
    community who wants to rule over themselves, I will support them.

    I am eager to read your response.