dimanche 27 novembre 2011

Egypt: Sitt al-Mulk "The lady of power".

Adored daughter of the fifth Imam Fatimid Caliph al-Aziz (975-1020) and a jarya Christian Byzantine origin, born in 970. His name means "the lady of power"
         She spent her childhood in the palace of the Sea (Qasr al-Bahr) and receives a gift in addition to the palace of his childhood, the golden palace (Qasr ad-Dahab).
         From an early age, she is associated with power by his father who transmits his courage and tolerance.
She underwent the jealousy of his younger brother al-Hakim bi-Amr Allah, who succeeded to his father at eleven years immediately after his death during an expedition against the Byzantine October 14 996.
         The young caliph to deify (all those who hear his name must bow down and kiss the ground) when it is adorned with jewels and the most extravagant finery. He terrorized Cairo by the dictates unacceptable.
He ordered the artisans and traders to work nights and sleep during the day so he could walk at night in a lively and informed. He cut down all the dogs in Cairo that prevent him from sleeping at night.         
He forbids women to laugh, cry and above all to go out into the streets. He attacked Jews and Christians that humiliates and persecutes before ruin.
In 1020, he gave the order to loot and to burn al-Fustat (Old Cairo) covered with insults against him because he was so hated. On February 13, 1021, when he disappears during a night walk to Mount Mukattam probably murdered on the orders of his sister Sitt al-Mulk, the population is his accomplice. She came to power, thus ensuring the regency of his nephew, a child called "ad-Dhahir (the highly visible)."
         She pacifies the country and puts the order into the economy. She is admired by the Egyptians largely due to his sense of justice.         
She reigns over the kingdom of Fatimid Egypt in 1021 until his death in 1024.

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