dimanche 27 novembre 2011

Mali: A secret society become cultural heritage of humanity!

 
         The Company Korèdugaw rite of wisdom from Mali was listed by UNESCO in the List of Intangible Heritage of Humanity. This is a first in postcolonial Africa since the signing of the Convention for the Safeguarding of Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity ratified on 20 June 2007. In Africa especially, cults, rituals, cultural movements, religious, were strongly opposed and often destroyed in the name of the doctrine of the Christian Church, which regarded them as satanic manifestations. Simply wearing a carnival mask culture was considered a sin by the missionary.
         On November 24, 2001, the list of Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity has also been enhanced also breathing and circulatory Mongolian Yaokwa ritual of the people Enawene Nawe Amazon of Brazil, designed to maintain social order and cosmic .

The Korèdugaw, a hermetic sect.

         Korèdugaw is the cultural movement that has its rules, laws and philosophy. What is the definition of a cult in Africa. We do not know the origin nor the date of its foundation, much less the founder. It is widespread in the cultural area Bamanan a people strong tendency to occupy the animist regions of Segou, Sikasso, Koulikoro and Bamako.          The philosophy of Korèdugaw who campaigned for its recognition is based on respect for others, the easing of all conflict situations. In short, the cultural movement provides its members, joy, mutual understanding and an atmosphere of good social intelligence.          Which is rather rare in other African secret societies in general are based on heavy taboos and severe penalties against their laws and ceremonies, which often pay in magico-religious rituals.

The symbols and rituals Korèdugaw.

         When looking at the outfit Korèduga, two feelings invade you: the urge to laugh or hate it. With its long chain studded seeds of a vine, he looks like an evil clown. The seeds of many colors correspond to the years of the wearer. The plant itself is a medicinal plant known in Mali against poison and the venom of snakes. Besides the seeds, it is other ritual objects such as wooden ladle used by the Korèduga to eat a boiled food.
         In addition they have a token of respect hornbill. Two raptors considered harmless. Indolent and left, they only eat the flesh of animals already dead. The cap of korèduga is naturally feather "Duga / vulture" or hornbill. Wearing this hat is a sign of wisdom, as also protects hair from sun and heat.
         The long ladle hanging on her necklace symbolizes the abundance of food. This ladle never washes yet Korèduga can not eat boiled food without using it for fear of poisoning. The Korèdugaw is a society marked by mistrust and caution.
         The large bag hanging over his shoulder contains recipes and valuable gifts. The Korèduga think the world is wrapped in a bag and no one has the right to search the bag of his neighbor. It also has a whistle or horn used during ceremonies to silence before disclosing his message.

The vulture, the symbol of the wisdom of korèduga *.

         The Korèduga lend the vulture essential virtues: has resigned, forgiveness, passivity and wisdom. It can live for very many years, generally up to forty years. The vulture has a smell and hearing that possess very few creatures on earth.
         In the air or perched on top of a tree or a rock, he can feel and see a carcass 80 km radius. His stomach contains antibodies that destroy viruses and bacteria carrion. Hence the use of all parts of the body to treat various diseases by the holders of the occult.
Important role in social korèdugaw Bamanan.
         Cultural movement with no religious overtones, the event seems a Korèdugaw animist, but it is not. By its festive aspect, it looks like a folkloric, yet it is not. It is a cultural movement that profoundly educational. The scavenger which serves as a symbol refers to the image of man docile, ready to accept his kind. The korèdugaw is essentially based on the respect for hierarchy, age and submission to established social rules. It embodies righteousness, wisdom, humility and good behavior.
         Medically, the korèduga can eat any food without getting sick or intoxicated because he has very good remedies against intoxication, poisoning, etc..

A first in Africa raises the lid of a Pandora's box.

         Africa has a very little explored cultural heritage and difficult to spread. As the wealth of its subsoil, its cultural richness needs to be explored, exploited, cataloged and developped. The Korèdugaw is ultimately a grain of sand in the vastness of the African cultural wisdom.
         Each clan, each tribe, each region, each country in Africa has its sources of wisdom that often allows a peaceful coexistence of its members beyond the principles state may generate disorder and violence.
         The day this "cave of Ali Baba" will be explored thoroughly, humanity will have far more powerful tools to safeguard lasting peace that the international agreements or the United Nations Charter.
         The non-compliance with human rights, migration, wild, disease and endemic diseases, tsunamis, floods, famines, genocides, civil wars in Africa are caused by poor compliance with the laws of nature, the breakdown of social balance, economic exploitation, wild, etc.. Control of each cultural environment is the basic principle of wisdom.
         To move smoothly, Africa must find the wisdom it loses daily consumption of a modern blind master it poorly and never replace his true ancestral values ​​often millennia.
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* The vulture was the object of a cult in Egyptian mythology: Mut, which symbolizes the values ​​and maternal Nekbet representing Upper Egypt.

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