mardi 15 novembre 2011

Nationalist alibi and lack of political imagination in Africa.


"The Ivorianity" of Laurent Gbagbo and "Sovereignty in Ivory Coast ".

        
The political crisis in Ivory Coast was the perfect illustration. President Laurent Gbagbo Koudou, long time history teacher was the most appropriate to find out.
And yet ... !
        
His reference to the "Ivorianity", introduced in the minds of his countrymen by his predecessor, "Baoulé", Henri Konan Bédié brought the Ivory Coast at the time of tribalism. Because it is "stupid," he thought he was best suited to defend "the Ivorian sovereignty" better than the "Dioula" Dramane Ouattara who beat him in the presidential election December 28, 2010.
        
The latter was accused of Burkina Faso, because the Dioula are likewise Burkinabé, in contrast to the Bété. But Baoulé who claim "Ivorian-born" also come from elsewhere and the Ivorians should consider diversity as a tribal cultural wealth of their country.
        
Deficit in memory of a historian who pretended not to know that Ivory Coast was built by the West Africans uprooted by request of the "pacifist Baoulé" Felix Houphouet-Boigny (1905-1993).
Leave to seek to roll in flour fellow naive and international opinion over the years and earned the nickname "Baker".
        
"... My country, among a number of concerns, chose to focus on two of them. First, the peace in freedom, in dignity, tolerance, love. The second concern is the education of children, youth training, our hope, our certainty of the better future of our country. "Said Felix Houphouet-Boigny.

The D.N.A.  to prove his nationality in R.D. of the Congo?

        
The case of the Democratic Republic of Congo (former Zaïre) which is the most pathetic political opposition from  "Zaire" refugee in Europe champions of "congolité" with both physical and verbal violence.
        
With stones and clubs, they persist in the media to demonstrate that President Joseph Kabila Kabange is not the son of his father and predecessor, Laurent-Désiré Kabila (1939-2001). The most radical of them will claim to an analysis of his "DNA".
        
A bet that if D.N.A. of  Joseph Kasavubu (1913-1969), the first President of the Congo could be analyzed, there can identify  Chinese genes!
 D.N.A. is it necessary to show that Mobutu Sese Seko (1930-1997) was the cousin "Ngbandi" of the former first and last Emperor Bokassa of the Central African  (1921-1997)? He has not directed Zaire for 32 years?
        
The curious thing is that all opponents of Joseph Kabila claim to Jean-Pierre Bemba, handful of Portuguese origin, married to a Brazilian Liliane Texeira, in prison in The Hague awaiting trial for war crimes !

If Ali Bongo Odimba of Gabon is not 100%, then who is he?

        
Until he submits his application to succeed his father, one in Gabon did not suspect that his eldest son, who sat in the government of his father was a stranger.
        
On September 12, 2009, Luc Bangono Nsi, unsuccessful candidate for president of Gabon's National Recovery Movement (Morena) filed an appeal with the Constitutional Council requesting the invalidation of the election of Ali Bongo September 3, 2009, due to the acquisition of Gabonese nationality by adoption.
        
"The origins of the candidate Ali Bongo remain ambiguous. If it is found that the latter has acquired citizenship by adoption, it will be for the Court to find the irregularity of the election. The best interests of Gabon is seriously undermined with the election of a candidate for dubious origins, "the text of the appeal filed by Luc Bengono Nsi.
        
According to a persistent rumor in Gabon, Ali Bongo is a war orphan of Biafra (southeastern Nigeria) and was adopted by Omar Bongo Odimba (1935-2009) and his ex-wife singer Patience Dabany.
In April, Ali Bongo has categorically denied the rumor.
        
"When I was born, Nigeria was not even independent. It became a year later and the Biafran War began in 1967 when I was 8 years already," he said.

The fathers of African independence and true nationalism.

The Albanian Mohammed Ali, founder of modern Egypt.

        
He was born March 4, 1769 in Kavala in actual Greece of Albanian parents. He does not speak Albanian and a little tip.
         He began his career as "Bolukbashi", that is to say, tax collector in Kavala, his hometown. In 1801, he arrived in Egypt as commander of the second contingent of volunteers from Kavala. He married Emine Nosratli, the daughter of Ali Agha and rich widow of Ali Bey al-Kabir (1728-1773).
         The Egyptian Ulema tired of the Wali (governor) Kurshid Ahmad Pasha entrusted power. He becomes the protector of the Egyptian people.
        
He  transforms Egypt, former Ottoman province into a regional power. His ambition is as follows:
        
"I am well aware that the Ottoman Empire goes every day to its destruction ... On its ruins I will build a vast kingdom ... up the Euphrates and the Tigris."
        
He carries important military reforms, social and creates modern schools. He initiated major infrastructure works (roads, canals, railway from Cairo to Suez canal linking the Mediterranean to the Red Sea often with the help of France.
         Egypt became a major producer of cotton. Achieved of mental incapacity, he is deposited in July 1848 in favor of his son Ibrahim Pasha (1789-1848). He died in Alexandria August 2, 1849.
         His dynasty ruled Egypt until the fall of Farouk I (1920 -1965) July 23, 1952.

The Greek Kamal Mustapha, Great Vizier of Mohammed Bey of Tunisia.

        
His real name Giorgios Kalkias Stravelakis was born in 1815 in Kardamila in the Greek island of Chios in the Aegean Sea. He was captured with his brother Yannis after the massacre of his father Stephanos Kalkias Stravelakis by the Ottomans in April 1822.
        
Led to Constantinople, he is sold to an envoy of the Bey of Tunis. Raised by Mustapha Bey (1787-1837), then by his son Ahmed  Bey (1806-1855), he married Princess Lalla Kalthoum in 1839 and was promoted to Lieutenant-General Bey's army the following year. In 1835 he was appointed great vizier of Mohammed Bey (1811-1859).
        
He has served as President of the Grand Council from 1862 to his death July 26, 1878.

The presidents Algerian Ahmed Ben Bella and Abdelaziz Bouteflika have Moroccan roots.

        
The father of Algerian independence, Ahmed Ben Mahdjouh Emberek Ben, aka Ben Bella was born December 25, 1916 at Maghnia in Algeria from Moroccan parents.
        
Not only, he was awarded the Croix de Guerre, the Military Medal and four citations pat General Charles De Gaulle (1890-1970), but mostly he co-founded the Revolutionary Committee of Unity of Action ( CRUA) ancestor of the National Liberation Front (FLN).
Vice President of the Provisional Government of Algeria (GPRA) after the Evian agreements (March 20, 1962), he led Algeria from September 15, 1963 to June 19, 1965. Moroccan or Algerian, he is one of five wise men of the African Union, in charge of prevention and crisis management in Africa.

        
President Abdelaziz Bouteflika was born March 2, 1937 in Oujda in Morocco of a father from El-Maleh (former Rio Salado) near Temouchent and a mother born in Mansfield. ... And not as shown in Tlemcen his biography published in 1974, when he was elected to the presidency of the United Nations General Assembly!
        
As the former head of military security and former Algerian Prime Minister, the late Abdullah Khalaf, alias Kasdi Merbah (1938-1993 was born in Fez, Morocco and not at Benni Yenni in Kabylia, as indicated his official biography.
Are they unworthy of it?

The first president of Togo, Sylvanus Olympio Kwami was Brazilian.

        
He was born in Kpando in the Volta Region in Ghana September 6, 1902. His father Elpidio Olympio Epiphanio (1873-1968) is a Brazilian arrived in Togo at the age of 19 years to sell, among other things, textiles and food products.
         Epiphanio, was therefore a half-breed son of a princess Yoruba of Nigeria and a Brazilian slave trader.
        
Rich merchant established first by the British Gold Coast and Togo, he had six wives and 30 children. Afè, the mother of Olympio was born at Gourmentché in northern Togo.
        
Olympio was educated in London after his adoption by João Jérénimo Amorin, general agent of the U.A.C. for West Africa.
         He continued his studies at Lyon in France and then in Vienna, Austria.
        
Upon his return to the country as an agent of Univel, he embodies the struggle for the independence of which he became Togo's first president.
         On January 13, 1963 by Etienne Gnassingbe Eyadema (1935-2005), former infantryman, promoted by France accidentally kills him after he had just claimed the increase of his pay.

The "Congolese" Frederick Chiluba shall cancel his predecessor  Kenneth Kaunda's Zambian.

        
Founding father of Zambia, former President Kenneth Kaunda after leading his country for 27 years has been stripped of his nationality by the Supreme Court of Zambia.
        
"Born April 28, 1924 at Lubwa, Zambia parents Malawians, Kaunda should be treated by all concerned authorities as a stateless person (...) and dismissed from the civil status" the President's decision Frederick Jacob Titus Chiluba born April 30, 1943 and elected in 1991. ... So that he was suspected of the rest from Katanga, in Democratic Republic of Congo.
        
Under the pretext of being involved in a coup, Kaunda was detained several months in 1997. Only the intercession of Nelson Mandela, Kaunda indebted for hosting the headquarters of the African National Congress (ANC) in Lusaka, at the height of apartheid, he was spared a conviction for "high treason".
        
The old Kenneth Kaunda has probably attended the funeral of his successor, died prematurely June 18, 2011 after escaping from prison after a sensational trial for corruption and embezzlement of public funds.

John Jerry Rawlings, a Scot at the head of Ghana.

        
He was born June 22, 1947 in Accra to a Scottish father from the colonial administration and a mother born in Ghana Dzelukofe in the Volta Region. Hard-line nationalist, he led Ghana from 1979 to 2000.         
When he was re-elected as President of the Republic December 7, 1997, no one criticized her or his Scottish blood mixing. It was he who reintroduced democracy in Ghana.

Charles Taylor: Judge Is there a U.S. citizen or a dictator of Liberia?

        
The son of an American and an American-Liberian mother, born January 28, 1948 in Arthington in Liberia, Charles McArthur Taylor Gankhay led his country during 1997 to 2003. He studied economics at Bentley College in Massachusetts.
         Accused by the dictator President Samuel Kanyon Doe (1951-1990) of embezzling $ 900,000, he took refuge in Boston and was liberian opponent.
        
Arrested and incarcerated at the House of Correction in Plymouth County, Massachusetts, he managed to escape and returned to Africa. From the Ivory Coast, he prepares the rebellion against Samuel Kanyon Doe and joined the National Patriotic Front of Liberia (NPFL).
        
In July 1990, he marched on Monrovia and proclaimed himself president of Liberia. On June 4, 2003, the Special Court for Sierra Leone indicted for his role in war crimes RUF against him and launches an international arrest warrant.
         Pushed into a corner, he was forced to leave the country August 11, 2003 for a golden exile in Nigeria, thus ending 14 years of conflict that has claimed more than 200,000 dead and hundreds of thousands displaced.
        
On October 30, 2008, his son Charles MacArthur Emmanuel Taylor, better known under the name "Chuckie" Taylor, 31, who was born in the United States and has U.S. citizenship, was convicted of conspiracy to murder and torture, between April 1999 and July 2003.
        
He was sentenced by a U.S. federal court in Miami to 97 years in prison for torture and killings in Liberia.

"Politics is the process by which all men without foresight leads men without memory," wrote the academician Jean Mistler (1897-1988).

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