samedi 19 novembre 2011

Nepal: The bloody end of an old monarchy.


On Friday 1st June 2001, in the apartments of the Crown Prince Dipendra (29) inside the Narayanhiti Royal Palace in the heart of Kathmandu, it is the end up setting the table for the traditional family dinner.
         Visibly drunk and drugged Crown Prince arrives with a late dinner. Returned to his room, he came back ten minutes later, dressed in military fatigues and armed with an M16 assault rifle and a revolver. He shot his father, King Birendra Bir Bikram Shah Dev, his sister, Princess Shruti, his uncle, Prince Dhirendra. and  his aunts. Then he shot his mother, Queen Aishwarya and her little brother Nirajan.
         He shoots himself in the head, but does not die. Seriously wounded, he was taken to hospital in a coma, during which he was crowned king, as is the constitution of Nepal before succumbing.

That's the official story.

         Gyanedra Bir Bikram Shah Dev (1947) that was not the successor in title to the throne came to power, becoming the thirteenth ruler of the dynasty of the Shahs, who reigned in Nepal since 1768.
         He dreamed for a long time after returning from an absolute monarchy (in 1950 at the age of 3 years he had been king for two months). This is why many of the Nepalese suspected him of having ordered the massacre. He blamed his brother for having yielded to pressure from the street and have established a constitutional monarchy.
         Coincidentally, that night. he was away from Kathmandu, and his son Paras who attended the carnage came out unscathed.
         Calling for the establishment of the Republic, Nepal protesters shouted: "Gynedra, murderer of your brother".
Much they liked Birendra, Gyanendra much they hated and his son Paras.
         "Nobody ever believed in the guilt of Dipendra,"
said Manjushree Thapa, author of "Forget Kathmandu: An Elegy for Democracy".
        
On February 2, 2005, he assumes full powers, dissolved the government, political parties and Parliament.
        
Down with the monarchy! Long live to the Republic!

         On May 28, 2008, the monarch is deposed with the coming to power of Prime Minister Dina Nath Sharma alias Prachanda dir (the Terrible), former Maoist rebels, after 10 years of "people's war".
King Gyanendra was, as predicted the stars, the last of the dynasty of Shahs, 239 years old.
         "Long live the Republic! Down with the monarchy!"
Chanted the Nepalese in the streets of Kathmandu.
         Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal (Nepal Sanghiya Loktantrik Ganatantratmak) since July 19, 2008, Himalayan country, landlocked, bordered to the north by China (Tibet) and south by India as the capital Kathmandu.
         Covering an area of ​​147,181 km2 with a population of 29,391,883 inhabitants (2011), it has as President Ram Baran Yav (born 1948) and as Prime Minister, Jhala Nath Khanal (born 1950).

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