vendredi 9 décembre 2011

From what a national anthem can be considered sexist?

 Austria: Austrian national anthem too macho!

         A group of Austrian MPs demand rewriting the lyrics to the anthem "Land of mountains, the river country."
The national song whose lyrics were composed in 1947 by Paula von Preradov background music of Wolfgang Mozart is considered too sexist.
         The indignation of women MPs is supported by the majority. They absolutely want to amend certain terms of the hymn. Thus, in the first verse, it says Austria is the home of the "great men",
we should add "and women" at the end of the verse. As for the "brotherly choruses" of the third stanza, it should be replaced with "Happy Choirs."
         These changes do not readily appeal to all Austrians. Cartelgruber Carmen, a member of the Austrian Freedom Party, criticized the initiative during a parliamentary debate: "Next time, someone will suggest that the eagle coat of arms of Austria should be a makeup kit, instead of the sickle. "
         Judith Schwentner, MP ecologist at the origin of the initiative depends on his project: "It would be an important symbol of equality in Austria. This will not reduce the gap between men and women, but this will show that women are also part of society. "

Here are the sentences complained of the national anthem of Austria: "Land of mountains, land on the river
Homeland are you of great sons,
With courage into a new age,
Free and believing watch us stride,
Happily working and full of hope.

In fraternal chorus let us swear in unity
Fatherland, our allegiance to you,
Much beloved Austria, »

If all the national anthems were in place for women ...

Macho hymns, there are throughout Europe, Africa, Asia, Latin America, etc. ....

EUROPE

1. Albania


The national anthem of Albania is downright misogynist.

United around the flag .
With one desire and one goal,
Let us pledge our word of honor,
To fight for our salvation,
He who is brave is not daunted,
But falls - a martyr to the cause.
 

2. Germany

The unified Germany has a feminist anthem.

The Gold back to Germany, which has a strong focus in the German national anthem, composed after the reunification in 1991.
"Women-German, German faith,"


3. Armenia

"Our Country",
the anthem of Armenia belongs to men.
"Here, brother, a flag for you,
I've done with my hands, (...)
Everyone dies only once,
But blessed is the one
Is sacrificed for his nation. "

4. Kingdom of Denmark

The Kingdom of Denmark, “Gold Award for gender equality.”

The national anthem of Denmark is egalitarian because it goes to hire maids. Denmark is now run by two women, Queen Margrethe II and the Minister of State (Prime Minister), Helle Thorning-Schmidt.

"This country is always fun, · because the sea is curved, blue
and its foliage is so green (bis).
How many noble women, beautiful maidens
and men and brave young men
live on the islands of the Danes'


5. France

The French national anthem, the Marseillaise, composed by Claude Joseph Rouget de Lisle in 1792 should change its refrain:
"To arms, citizens! "
And away including" Hasten to your manly accents "

Citizens on Patrol
French, as magnanimous warriors (...)
Fighting with your defenders! (...)
Under our flags, as victory (...)
Hasten to your manly accents.

6. Hungary

"Bless the Hungarians, O Lord,"
the anthem of Hungary do not speak the Hungarian women.
"Make them happy and prosperous
 The heroic son of Arpad,
You have lavished abundance ...
Hungarian merciful, O Lord! "

7. Italy

"Song of the Italians,"
written by Goffredo Mameli in 1847 with music by Michele Novaro would be the most macho.
"Brothers of Italy
Trampled upon, mocked,
Because we are not a people,
Because we are divided.
We are ready for death
Each man of Ferruccio "


8. Kingdom of Norway

Norway dispute him the Palme d'Or for gender equality
Anthem "Yes we love."
The lyrics were composed in 1868 by Bjornstjerne Bjornson to the music of Rikard Nordraak in 1864.
"Yes, we love this country,
With its thousand homes
Love, love it and think
To our fathers and mothers
The women also rose to fight
Like men. "

AFRICA

1. Algeria

The Algerian Kassaman: A hymn of warriors
The Algerian national anthem, "The Kassaman" composed in 1955 by Moufdi Zakaria should change at least one sentence:
"We are fighting for the triumph of law"
and add "Combatants"

2. Democratic Republic of Congo

“The Standing Congolese “ of Democratic Republic of Congo.
As for the national anthem of the DR Congo, Father Simon-Pierre Boka di Mpasi and historian Joseph Lutumba, composers should have started in 1960 by:
"Standing Congolese ... And Congolese!
States (es) by the effort, united (es) by the effort.
Citizens sing the sacred hymn of your solidarity,

The Zairian (1971-2007)
composed by the same Father Boka was also male:
"The return of peace in Zaire,
United people
We Zaire,
Forward proud and dignified "


3. Republic of Congo


Congo Brazzaville: Men First

The national anthem of his namesake on the other side of the river Congo, Republic of the Congo, composed in 1959 by Jacques Georges Kibanghi Tondra and the music of Jean Royer and Joseph Spadilière, it also begins with:
“Congolese stand proudly everywhere”


4. Côte d'Ivoire

The Abidjanaise of Côte d'Ivoire: A male pride.
The Abidjanaise, national anthem of Ivory Coast with lyrics Mathieu Ekra, Joachim Bony, and Pierre Marie Coty to the music of Pierre Marie Coty and Pierre Michel Pango should fix at least three sentences:
"Your son, dear Ivory Coast,
Proud builders of thy greatness,
(...)
Proud Ivorians "

5. Kenya


The national anthem of Kenya.
Wake up brothers,
Be ready to defend it.”

6. Malawi

Malawi, led for three decades by a dictator ...
The national anthem of Malawi is rare in Africa to mention women. It was written (words and music) by Michael-Fredrick Paul Sauk and adopted in 1964.
"Freedom unites us forever
To build Malawi.
With our love, our zeal and loyalty,
We give it our best .(...)
Selfless men and women
Serving the construction of Malawi. "

7. Mali

The national anthem of Mali differs from the laws of the country.
Only the national anthem of Mali "for Africa and for you, Mali," where women have many rights, however, still to be conquered, made room for women:
“Standing women, young and old
For their country running,
Towards the bright future.
Together side by side
Let the path to happiness”
It was adopted in August 1962, its author is the writer Seydou Badian Kouyaté on the music of Banzoumana Sissoko.

8. Morocco


The national anthem of Morocco, manly from the start.
Sang in music since 1956 of Leo Morgan only made up its words by the poet Ali Squalli Houssaini at the request of King Hassan II who wanted to add his motto: God, the Fatherland, the King.
His words were hummed painfully for the first time by the national soccer team in Mexico City June 3, 1970.
"Cradle of the free
(....)
Your champion has risen
And responded to your call
My brothers, let
To what he has higher (...)

9. Senegal

The red lion has roared.
The national anthem of Senegal whose words are of Leopold Sedar Senghor to the music of Herbert Pepper is even more macho:
The red lion has roared (and no lions)
Stand-brothers (and no sisters)
My only brothers (not sisters)
Senegalese-O, get up!
Like all of our heroes, we will be hard.
The Bantu-has a brother and the Arab and the white ...!
We are prepared and weapons at the ready ...

10. Sudan

The national anthem of Sudan "nahnu Djundulla Djundulwatan"
ignores the girls in the army of God.
"We are the army of God and of our land ,(...)
 We will buy fame, for a price .(...)
 Son of the Sudan, summoned now to serve,
Shoulder the task of preserving our country. "

11. Southern Sudan

The newest of the African Nations: South Sudan

Even the newest African republics: "The Republic of South Sudan 9 July 2011 declared" that the national anthem composed in 2010 by students at the University of Djoudi his failed war of the SPLA, died for their country :
... The land of great warriors ...
-O black warriors, O Black, O black warriors,
-With blood cemented the foundations of the nation.”

12. Tanzania


The national anthem of Tanzania
This is a version of N'kosi Sikelel 'i Afrika composed in 1897 by Enoch Sontonga shared reflected in part in South Africa and shared by Zambia and Zimbabwe.

“God bless Tanzania
Women, men and children
Tanzania and its people "


13. Tunisia


The national anthem of Tunisia ignores women altogether,
The "Huma Al-Hima"
adopted as the national anthem of Tunisia in 1987, was composed by Mustafa Sadiq al-Rafi'i in 1930 to the music of Ahmed Kheireddine simply ignores women:
"O defenders of the nation, (...)
Men and youth of the country,
Die to live the Fatherland! "


14. Zambia

The national anthem of Zambia.
"Victors in the struggle for the right
All one, strong and free
Brothers under the sun, (...) "

LATIN AMERICA

1. Ecuador


The anthem of Ecuador: “We salute you, our country! “
Adopted in 1886, it was written by Juan Leon Mera to the music of Antonio Neuman.
"The worthy son of the earth
Other heroes that the world
Arising in the thousands. "

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