dimanche 4 décembre 2011

Italy: Benito Mussolini, British spy.

 In autumn 1917, when journalist, Benito Mussolini, 34, was recruited by MI5, the British intelligence service to campaign for the retention of Italy alongside the allies during the First World War, the newspaper "The Guardian" quoting Peter Martland, a historian at the University of Cambridge.

        
"The less reliable ally of the United Kingdom during the war at that time was Italy, after the withdrawal of the conflict in revolutionary Russia," said Peter Martland.

        
The future Italian dictator was paid 100 pounds or the equivalent of 6,400 euros per week), he spent for his mistresses. Payment lasted until the armistice in 1918.

        
"It was a lot of money to give to a man who was a journalist in London but wanted to avoid the danger that the factories in Milan are blocked by peace movements. Compared to four million pounds that the UK spent daily for war was a drop of water, " said the Guardian Martland.

        
The payments were authorized by Sir Samuel Hoare (1880-1959), British MP and MI5 representative in Rome, who had mentioned in his memoirs in 1954 by recruiting the services of the future British Duce. But the financial details have been found by Mr. Martland peeling documents Hoare.

        
Beyond the publication of writings in favor of the war in his diary "Il Popolo d'Italia", Mussolini had also told his recruiter he was willing to send veteran Italian to beat peaceful demonstrators.

        
The colonial ambitions of Benito Mussolini, who became the strongman of Italy in 1922, will present on his way recruiting in the 30's. The Duce and Sir Samuel Hoare met again in 1935 when Hoare, Foreign Minister, signs the Pact Hoare-Laval, giving Rome control of part of Abyssinia (now Ethiopia).

        
The pact outraged public opinion and forced the designers, Hoare and Pierre Laval, French Prime Minister of the time (1883-1945), to resign.

        
"If Mussolini eventually hanged by Italian partisans in 1945, history was not soft either with Hoare is considered a supporter of appeasement against fascism and Nazism as Chamberlain (1869 - 1940)," said Peter Martland.

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