mercredi 21 décembre 2011

Japan: The last "Kamikaze" of Fukushima.

 "No, I'm not crazy" answers Naoto Matsumura, those who wonder why this farmer, 52, who lives alone in the "No man's zone" of Fukushima. The farmer refused to leave his farm located 12 km from the Fukushima Nuclear Power Plant which since March 11, 2011 continues to emit radioactive substances.
         Indeed, just days after the nuclear accident caused by the earthquake followed by tsunami on March 11, 2011, Japanese authorities decreed "the area where he lives"
No Man's Zone "over 20 Km2.
         He decided to make the resistance and not to stir from his farm. He lives alone near the deserted town of Tomioka, amid hundreds cats, a dozen dogs, some 400 cows, many pigs and chickens abandoned by their former owners who had fled the fallout.

Matsumura is he a superman or a persistent unconscious?

         He is aware that he takes daily doses of radiation are lethal, but says he simply afraid of the lack of cigarettes, "I certainly will fall sick if I stop smoking" .
         In October 2011, the Association for the monitoring of radioactivity in the West (Acro) analyzed dust vacuum of 12 homes located within 200 km of the plant. "All this dust contaminated with cesium 137 and 134 as a result of the disaster at Fukushima,"
says Hérouville laboratory based in St. Clair, in the north-west France, in a statement.
          Contamination "most important"
("almost" 20,000 becquerels per kilogram) is recorded in the District of Watari "located fifty kilometers of the plant, where the sale of rice has been banned," explains the association created after the Chernobyl nuclear disaster in 1986.
         But "the houses are contaminated significantly"
to limit the scope examined is 200 km from the plant, even in the suburbs of Tokyo, with "nearly 6,000 becquerels per kilogram," according to Acro.

How does he survive in no man's land?

         Matsumura is deprived of electricity, it uses sparingly the fuel they buy in town to his truck and generators. It is heated with coal but abandoned by its neighbors shouting that the amount is no longer enough for the winter, which promises to be cold in the region. His only luxury and unique relationship with the world's mobile phone.
Nato Matsumura is divorced for 10 years. His two adult children (21 and 23 years) living in Saitama Prefecture, near Tokyo. They are worried about their father who refuses to listen. Accompanied by his dog, he spent half the day feeding the animals.
         He eats mostly canned food and rice, because everything that grows on the ground is contaminated.
"I never depressed. I learned to live alone. I get up with the sun and go to bed early, around 19:00, because I have nothing else to do. "
He regularly travels outside the restricted area to buy cigarettes and a living.
         "Some Japanese media have tried to make me look foolish by telling that I was eating contaminated mushrooms. But in reality, I pick them up to give researchers a laboratory. I'm not crazy,"
he repeated.
         But it seems in good health, despite the harsh conditions of life he has chosen. He fears that all his animals perish, "These animals need human beings. The power I have at the moment is not enough to take until the end of December. They need shelter and food, but I'm the only one to take care of them, then it should be the role of government, "he said.

Matsumura and future of  his beloved region.

         He wants the government or the power company "Tokyo Electric Power (Tepco)," owner of the nuclear power plant Fukuyama, shall as a minimum for rendering animals. But he used the same song, "Sorry, Mr. Matsumura, we can not do anything inside the forbidden zone."
         This means that if he dies, he will not even have the right to burial. He is convinced that Tomioko, like other towns in the area evacuated, will disappear from map of Japan. This is perhaps another reason to hate the company Tepco, "I do not want to see the plant restart a day I want her to disappear."

It will take about 40 to dismantle the plant.

         In about two years, the pools of fuel will begin to be disabled, but the operation will last several years, during which will also be strengthened cooling systems for reactors and pools as well as various facilities.
         The extraction of molten fuel in reactors 1 and 3 will be for its implementation in ten years and will last two decades.
         In both cases, techniques are needed, said Mr. Hosono, the situation of Fukushima is unprecedented, with destroyed buildings, a high level of radioactivity, and fuel fell in whole or in part on the concrete floor of the 'confinement in three of the six reactors of the complex.
         "We need to make this work by avoiding the generation of new risks,"
stressed the Minister of Industry, Yukio Edano.
         The Japanese government provides only the dismantling of the site will not be completed until about 40 years.
         If Mr. Naoto Matsumura lived long enough to see it, he will be the "Robinson Crusoe of  Fukuyama”
when he will have 92 years!

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