jeudi 8 décembre 2011

Sudan / Haiti: Darfour, the first martyr African dictatorship in Haiti.

 Sudan / Haiti: Darfour, the first martyr African dictatorship in Haiti.

From Darfour in Sudan, Darfour Felix moved to France where he studied journalism and married a French woman.
In 1818, he emigrated with his family in Haiti and moved to Port-au-Prince. President Jean Pierre Boyer (1776-1850), former lieutenant of Toussaint Louverture received him with great honor and reimbursed his travel expenses between Le Havre and Port-au-Prince.
He integrates easily because his naturalization was facilitated by section 44 of the Haitian Constitution which granted citizenship to Africans living in the island after one year of residence.
Darfour became a citizen in 1819, he founded a newspaper in Port-au-Prince "L’éclaireur haïtien," a bimonthly political and literary journal.
From the very first issues, his tone and his criticism of government practices make him an outspoken opponent of the regime of Boyer, whom he accuses of illegally selling the country to foreigners. He is accused of trying to foment a civil war to overthrow the government when he expresses the opinion of the majority of the population.
On August 30, 1822, exercising his rights of Haitians, he sent a petition to the House of Deputies. While the members decided to deliberate in committee usually after a contentious vote on what to do with this offensive and seditious petition, Captain Bonneau Calix, the aide of President Boyer, inform him of the events of Parliament.
President Boyer directs the military commander of Port-au-Prince, General John Thomas, "to stop this enemy of the nation and condemn as expeditiously as possible so that through a fair trial, he is struck by the sword terrible justice. "
Darfour is arrested and put in irons on the same day, condemned to death the next day and executed the day after September 2, 1822.
Members who had approved his motion and position of the Assembly were expelled by their colleagues intimidated.
MPs Beranger, Laborde, Saint-Laurent, Saint-Martin, as well as judges, lawyers and journalists are promptly imprisoned.
         Two senators, suspected of sympathizing with opinion Darfour, are forced to resign, while judges and officials are brutally dismissed in breach of any provisions of the Constitution of 1816, very similar to that of the United States which he was one of the editors.
The implementation of Darfour misdemeanor opinion opens the dictatorship of Jean-Pierre Boyer until his resignation in 1843.

In his book " De la réhabilitation de la race noire par la République d'Haïti (In the rehabilitation of the Black Republic of Haiti)", published in Port-au-Prince in 1900, Hannibal Price noted "I am from Haiti, Mecca, Judea of ​​the black race, the country needs to go on a pilgrimage at least once in his life every man has African blood in the arteries."

Darfour Felix had done with his life in 1822, that is to say 88 years ago.

2 commentaires:

  1. "President Jean Pierre Boyer (1776-1850), former lieutenant of Toussaint Louverture" Boyer and Petion were never lieutenants of Louverture they were lieutenants of Andre Rigaud, Louverture's mulatto rival and enemy. They were exiled in France after Dessalines defeated Petion at the siege of Jacmel, and did not return to St-Domingue until the Leclerc expedition sent to reestablish slavery. They made common cause with Dessalines only after it became clear that the French intended to not only restore slavery, but also the practice of color discrimination against their caste.

    1. Dear Mr Fontenel,

      Thank you very much for the clarification concerning President Jean Pierre Boyer. This proves that you know better than me the story of your beloved country, Haiti, that I love and respect for being the first black independent history.
      My goal in telling the story of Darfur, was to show the immense hope that Africans (then under colonial rule) placed in the Haitian freedom. However, as might be expected, the history of your country has experienced inglorious episodes that made him lose his place beacon of black civilization and it is a shame for all Africans and Blacks!
      Whatever happens, you always have my sympathy as I have learn from my Haitians friends and colleagues of Kinshasa who came to help Congo, to replace on the lifted foot, Belgians who abandon us to our fate in 1960! You can see the resultats just now…
      To learn more about Africa and deepen our next exchange, I invite you to read my books: D.R.Congo. Generations condemned. Failing a pre-capitalist state and especially the African Biographical Dictionary, available in digital format on Nouvelles Éditions Numériques Africaines-NENA (It will be published in English soon)
      Thank you again for your kind comments and especially continue to read me and to enrich the knowledge of my readers.