mardi 13 décembre 2011

US / DRC: The Rev. William Sheppard and the scandal of the severed hands of the Congolese.

 
Born in Waynesboro, Virginia March 8, 1865, the black Presbyterian minister, William Sheppard studied at Hampton Institute and then at Tuscaloosa Theological Seminary (now Stillman College) in Alabama. It is devoted pastor in 1888.
        
In 1890 he was sent to Congo after being received in audience at the White House by U.S. President Benjamin Harrison (1833-1901) and in Laeken by King Leopold II (1835-1909).
        
On his arrival in Congo in 1890, he was received by the king of Bakuba, Kot aMbweeky. He appreciates the customs and cultural sophistication of the language and learn Bakuba Kuba. He received the Kuba king, the title of "Bope Mekape" and the nickname became common in the Congo "Mundele Ndombe (Black-White)."
        
In 1899 he discovered the drama "severed hands" and is a good description that shakes the American consciousness. In 1909, he was accused of slander by the Company Kasai dealer. During his trial in Leopoldville, which caused a stir in the American press, it is forbidden by the Belgian Socialist deputy, Mr. Emile Vandervelde (1855-1938).
        
The trial resulted in his acquittal. Annoyed, he gave up his mission in the Congo in 1910 and returned permanently in Louisville, Kansas where he died November 25, 1927.
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For more details: I. KANYARWUNGA N. Jean, République Démocratique du Congo. Les Générations condamnées. Déliquescence d’un état précapitaliste (DRC. Generations convicted. A Failed a pre-capitalist state), Publibook, Paris, 2006.

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