mercredi 21 décembre 2011

USA/Democratic Republic of Congo: Patrice Lumumba and the cover of Time Magazine.

 
        In his memoirs published under the title, "I was head of the CIA in the Congo," Larry Devlin (1922-2008), tells a story that demonstrates the dependence of the American press vis-à-vis the States of America.
        
In 1960, Larry Devlin CIA chief in Congo and the first U.S. ambassador to the Democratic Republic of Congo, Clare Hayes Timberlake (1907-1982) traveled to Brussels to meet the U.S. ambassador to Belgium, William A. Mr. Burden (1906-1984) and Amory Houghton (1899-1981), U.S. Ambassador to France.
        
"During our discussions, Timberlake mentioned a delicate subject. The Time Magazine intends to make its coverage of Lumumba. If he becomes known, he will be even more difficult to handle. He already causes problems like this. "
        
"So why not remove the article, or at least to give feedback? "Asked Burden.
        
"I did everything to try to convince the reporter from Time in Leopoldville (Kinshasa). But he said he could not do anything because the article had already been sent to New York, said Timberlake.
- "You can not expect too much of a journalist on that level," says Burden, turning the pages of his address book. He took his phone and called the personal assistant of Henry R. Luce (1898-1967), owner of Time.
        
Luce recalled shortly after. After a brief cordial exchange, that spoke volumes about his relationship with Luce, Burden told him bluntly that he should change the article on Lumumba. Apparently, Luce replied that the magazine was about to be printed.
- "Come, Henry, you have to have other items to cover in reserve."
They talked a few minutes and then Bruce hung up.
         A few days later, we found a copy of the magazine with another cover.
         Lumumba had been relegated to the "International", Hammarskjöld (1905-1961), Secretary General of the UN and Moise Tshombe (1919-1969) are the only major players in the history of the Congo at this time to be on the cover of Time Magazine.
... Patrice Lumumba was murdered in Katanga January 17, 1961.
- "In an open war, or you kill enemies, or you lose. At the time of the Cold War was about the same thing: the enemy had to be shielded so that the power does not weaken the role of the United States in the world. (...) I do not ever allowed to forget that I was in Congo to implement U.S. policy, "said Larry Devlin.

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