vendredi 2 décembre 2011

USA/Soudan: George Bush and Omar al-Bashir wanted by the Justice.

 
George W. Bush went to Amnesty International.

         The organization of human rights, "Amnesty International" has called three African nations (Zambia, Tanzania and Ethiopia) to stop George W. Bush during his next visit.
         From 1st to 2 December 2011, George W. Bush traveled to Zambia, Tanzania and Ethiopia to promote a health program focused on brain cancer and breast cancer.

 Launched in September 2011, the Bush campaign, the foundation is led by public partners and private investors, including Merck and GlaxoSmithKline, which provide vaccines against HPV, causes cervical cancer of the uterus and the manufacturers of diagnostic test Qiagen and BD (Becton, Dickinson & Company).

         Amnesty International continues former U.S. President George W. Bush's "crimes" and "acts of torture."
         In a statement, Amnesty International said that "there is sufficient evidence in the public domain from the relevant U.S. and George W. Bush himself to ask the three African states to open an investigation into his alleged responsibility in the torture, and to ensure his presence during the investigation."
        
The former president has authorized torture methods in the United States under the guise of "war against terrorism" during his presidency of the United States (2001-2009), including waterboarding, a simulated drowning.
         "All the countries in which George Bush visits are required to deferring to court for his role in torture,"
said Matt Pollard, Legal Adviser at Amnesty International.
         In October 2011, Amnesty International made a similar approach to Canada which hosted former U.S. President for a conference. Ottawa responded by accusing him of "moral bankruptcy, degeneration and politicization."
         In February 2011, George W. Bush had canceled his visit to Geneva, Switzerland, after several NGOs including Amnesty International had threatened to have him arrested.

ICC warrant against Omar al-Bashir, President of Sudan.

         On July 14, 2008, the Attorney General of the International Criminal Court, José Luis Moreno Ocampo has accused Sudanese President Omar al-Bashir to bring individual criminal responsibility for genocide, crimes against humanity and war crimes committed in Darfur since 2003.
         Supported by NATO, Genocide Intervention Network and Amnesty International, the international arrest warrant against Omar al-Bashir was issued by the ICC on 4 March 2009.
         The charge relates to the charges of: murder, extermination of ethnic Fuf, Masalit and Zaghawa, forcible transfer, torture and rape. There is also war crimes and looting.
         Sudan, which is not a signatory of the Rome Statute establishing the ICC, claims not to be obliged to fulfill this mandate, despite the 1593 resolution of the Security Council of the UN who invited him to cooperate with the ICC.
         The indictment of Omar al-Bashir, the first President charged by International Criminal Court, asks a series of problems for most of his peers dare not speak of this mandate. Each of which may at any time fall under the same charge.
         Egypt under rule of Hosni Mubarak had led so-called "very disturbed".
Fire Mo'ammar Gaddafi, then all-powerful guide of Jamuhuriya of  Libya had assimilated the indictment "of terrorism and an attempt at recolonization."
         The Arab League, led then by the Egyptian Amr Moussa had expressed solidarity with Sudan.
        
An international arrest warrant really obsolete?

         Obviously, the question has rejected, saying, "Whoever has visited Darfur, met officials and discovered their ethnicities and tribes ... will know that these things are lies. "
         Since he travels through Africa. In October 2009 he was invited to the summit of the African Union in Kampala by President Yoweri Museveni, but he did not come because of protests from several NGOs.
         On October 23, 2009, he was invited to Nigeria by the late Umaru Yar'Adua for another AU summit and was not arrested. In November 2009, he was at the Organization of Islamic Conference (OIC) summit in Turkey. Later he was invited to conferences on climate change in Copenhagen, Denmark.
         Re-elected president with 68% of the vote April 26, 2010, he continues to escape the international arrest warrant and defy justice by browsing African capitals with impunity (Kenya, Djibouti).
         On July 12, 2010, the Trial Chamber issued a second arrest warrant for genocide.
         Even if his presidential plane is continuously chaperoned by Sudanese fighters not be stopped in international space, will not end there not a day by laying down and being arrested?

The sluggish African

         On November 28, 2011, the Kenyan branch of the International Commission of Jurists issued an arrest warrant against Sudanese President Omar al-Bashir, pursued by the International Criminal Court (ICC) for genocide and crimes against humanity in Darfur.
         "The court accordingly issued an arrest warrant against Omar al-Bashir at the request of the applicant (ICJ Kenya). It would be up to the Attorney General and Minister of Homeland Security to order his arrest if he were to set foot in Kenya, "
said the judge of the High Court of Kenya, Nicolas Ombija.
         As expected, Sudan responded by expelling the ambassador of Kenya to Khartoum.
         According to the International Commission of Jurists, Kenya has ratified the treaty establishing the ICC, it is the duty of the Kenyan government to question Omar al-Bashir while within its territory. This was not the case, especially during the visit of President of Sudan to Nairobi, August 27, 2010 for the inauguration of the new Kenyan Constitution.
         "We went to court to force Kenya to meet its commitments. "
said George Kegoro, executive director of the International Commission of Jurists Kenya.
         Anxious to spare Khartoum, Moses Wetangula announced this Tuesday, November 29, 2011 that Kenya will appeal the decision of the High Court of Kenya.
         "I would not get me wrong. I will not execute the arrest warrant against al-Bashir and I will not sign the Statute of the ICC. [...] Not because I am opposed in principle to international justice, not because heads of state are above the law, or because El-Bashir would a priori be innocent of the crimes reproaches him, but because I do not trust the ICC, "
said Rwandan President Paul Kagame. Rwanda sent 3200 soldiers in Darfur in  joint mission of the African Union and UN peacekeeping.
         The African Union (A.U.) has meanwhile called on several occasions, its member states not to arrest Sudanese President, accusing the ICC to focus its action against the only African leaders and believing that the arrest of Omar al-Bashir would be detrimental to the search for peace between the Sudan.
         Will it also protect him when he is no longer in power as George W. Bush whose case well embarrass the U.S. if apprehended abroad?

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