mardi 10 janvier 2012

Belarus: The world turns upside down in Minsk!

 
         On May 24, 2011, the Belarusian economy has experienced a devaluation of 56%. On that day the shops were almost robbed, emptied the cash machines, writes Lithuanian Lietuvos Rytas Vilnius.
         President Alexander Lukashenko had just announced a few days earlier in the national press that Russia would grant a credit of $ 6 billion to his country.
         Contrary to the effect expected by the man nicknamed "Batka (the little father of the people)"
, sensing the worst people jumped into the stores, the ruble is gone, queues formed by distributors and points of exchange.

When the dictator loses all credibility with the population.

         The legendary anti-capitalist resistance of Lukashenko based on a system of state economy has crumbled. His countrymen have not only lost confidence in him above all his promises and flashy statements.
         After the crisis known as "Black Tuesday", it appeared that Russia had no intention of granting credit to Belarus.
This is the anti-crisis fund of the Eurasian Economic Community (comprising the former states of the former USSR) which was to give 3.5, billion, at 1.5 billion per year for three years.
         "Conditions of bandits"
has fulminated President Lukashenko who turned to the IMF without success.
         Belarusians lost faith in the economic miracle promised by their president, especially in their money "the Zaitchik,"
called the little rabbit that illustrates the Belarusian ruble notes.
         Every day, Belarusians and try to exchange their currency against any other currency and buy anything with what they have left.
They are seeking to exchange their currency that is depreciating by the day, against any property.
         But these properties, too, are becoming scarce visibly. Immediately, the queues were formed near the distributor where Belarusians were in a hurry to withdraw cash.

Distributors emptied as soon as the stores!

         Faced with the growing crowd of customers, cash couriers could not supply the distributors and the currency crisis had resulted in the automatic rubles. Meanwhile in the shops, the queues had formed. In the largest national mall in Minsk, the capital, there were just four refrigerators "Made in Belarus", while over a quarter of the huge supermarket is for the local plant "Atlant", manufacturer of refrigerators, ovens and washing machines.

But why then the Belarussians did they urge to fridges?

         But it's very simple: we must look to the food store. During this week mad, all the food shelf were rounded up that day all the store shelves were empty, consumers bought five packets even salt and vinegar.
         Since the dollar and the euro has more than doubled on the black market, people began to spend their rubles plus.
         "I do not know why people need as much salt. Vinegar, I do not even have time to put it on the shelves that already, it disappears. Maybe they do have many canned this summer? Or are they afraid that any increases? "
The seller tries to guess the reasons for the raid. On the shelves, more toothpaste or toilet paper, pasta, sweets local. Their price has not risen yet, unlike the chocolate import, which has doubled.
         At checkout, a man entertains vendors asking them to sell cigarettes to 3 million rubles, more than 600 packages.
         "You think that cigarettes will not increase? The crisis is the crisis and I'm not going to stop smoking for that. It is also better than I spend all my rubles in cigarettes," said the man.
         Behind me in line, a woman bought seven pairs of thick tights when the temperature is around 30 °C.

Exports affected by the fall of Zaitchik.

         The descent of hellish Zaitchik has hit hard the Lithuanian companies exporting food products to Belarus. Businessmen have their losses: the products on the shelves protracted, and distributors can not pay in dollars. The group exports Viciunai crab sticks and breaded fish in Belarus for fifteen years. But these days, sales began to plummet: in stores, these products are now 70% to 80% more expensive.
         "Our neighbors are still coming to buy our products, but the evolution of the situation is uncertain," said Visvaldas Matijosaitis, director of the group.

Getting drunk, the solution to the lunch to the crisis.

         Despite the crisis, Belarusians continue to drink beer, although its price has increased by one fifth.
         "The rising price of beer is that of rising food prices," said Audrius Miksys, director of the brewery Lidskoje Pivo. Previously, according to the director, orders could be set at thirty days. Now you have to pay right away.
         "This caused chaos, but as demand is high, we are doing," Audrius Miksys positive.
        
"The fall of Belarus", titred Gazeta Wyborcza.

         Short of foreign funds after the violent crackdown by President Alexander Lukashenko on the opposition after the presidential election, which has intensified since the attack in the subway in Minsk on April 11, the country is on the verge economic collapse, reveals the Warsaw daily.
         "The Belarusians will provide foreign currency, sugar, flour and buckwheat", while "market panic" is fueled by rumors of imminent devaluation of the currency.
         The scope is limited Lukashenko, Gazeta Wyborzca note, because the West and Russia "have cornered and set strict conditions."
         In exchange for financial assistance, it is reported that Moscow calls for investments in "the best companies of Belarus", including pipelines, cars and fertilizer plants. Despite this, Russia remains the last hope for the regime in Minsk.
         However, according to a former Russian Minister of Economy, Yevgeny Yasin, "Moscow Lukashenko will not help that until he finds a successor."
        
According to economist Boris Zheliba to stabilize the economy, between 10 and 12 billion euros are needed. Lukashenko's desperate. If he manages to keep afloat the large national companies, said the Spanish newspaper reporter Belarus Alexandr Alesina, we can avoid disasters. But if their workers are the street, "there will be no security or repressive apparatus that take."

The last tyrant of Europe.

         On July 3, 2011, Belarus celebrated with great ceremony on the 10th anniversary of its independence with a military parade and fireworks. The President appeared in a large uniform supreme commander of the army for its traditional discourse with him, his son Nikolai, aged six, himself in military uniform.
         "The security service particularly muscular contrast to the low number of spectators"
tells the Russian daily Nezavisimaya Gazeta.
Several vigils planned that day by the opposition, but they could not stand because of the massive arrests attributed to law enforcement.

Prohibition of applause!

         While to show his joy, applause, Belarus, Alexander Lukashenko applause is a serious offense which is the prison. For the dictator understands that the opposition uses irony and mock applause means of power.
         A penguin has even been arrested that day of independence, accused of applause when he greeted the president in passing with his one hand!
         Anyone who ventured to applaud the speeches of the leader, the troops on parade, or worse, the Secret Service agents who here still wear proudly the famous acronym KGB, was arrested.
         "The applause will be allowed only in passing veterans and veterans. In all other cases, we will intervene,"
announced the deputy police chief Igor Essiev who rejoiced in advance of these new shots nets while scanning a suspicious air walkers on the square Oktiabravskaïa.
         Essiev and its agents, handcuffs and batons in full view, have the look of those who do not trust anyone. They call the young men and old women with their shopping bags and ask them their papers.

"Amerikanka" KGB prison goulag.

         "Amerikanka," is how the people of Minsk have dubbed the headquarters of the KGB, in the city center. Nobody really knows why this vast complex was baptized in this way, but in Belarus, everyone will tell you it is better never to navigate.
         From the outside, with its Corinthian columns and its walls a bright yellow, the building looks harmless. But in reality, is where are the last political prisoners locked up in Europe, the epicenter of the brutal repression perpetrated by the last dictator of Europe.
         Almost all candidates who have dared to run against Lukashenko in the presidential election last December's fake have been arrested or placed under house arrest. Accusations of torture are increasing, and the candidates were under pressure so that they denounce each other in statements filmed.
         Some have sold, but most refused, and risk years in prison for attempting to participate in the electoral process.
         Eighteen more people, including seven presidential candidates who ran against Lukashenko is accused of having organized the riots - a crime punishable by up to fifteen years behind bars.
         "I was deprived of sleep, forced to stand naked standing with legs apart. They demanded a statement that I would have obeyed the KGB, and I finally agreed, "
said the opposition candidate for president, Alex Mikhalevich his release from prison.
         In his campaign, he said: "I know that even before the end of the day, I might find myself in a cell in the KGB detention center (...). I will do my best to disappear this concentration camp in central Minsk. "
        
Five lawyers who represented detainees were removed from the order of the Bar, and seven hundred other ordinary citizens were also arrested in what Human Rights Watch described as a "travesty of justice." And show trials - in a country's secret police KGB continues to be called - are just beginning.
         Ostrochtchenkov Alexander, 30, Press a key member of the opposition press, enclosed in a mesh box, was sentenced to four years in prison in a maximum security center, at the end of a trial that lasted only a few hours.
         He was accused with two other men to have committed acts of vandalism during a large demonstration in Minsk on the night of the presidential election. Ostrochtchenkov admitted to being present at the event, which would have assisted 30,000 people, but denied having committed the damage.
The so-called "vandalism" that earned him four years in prison would be limited to "knock on a fence."
 
S.O.S. for Belarussians!

         Calling Europe and Great Britain to adopt a more intransigent attitude towards Belarus, Koliada said: "Minsk is a two hour flight from London. The British government should send a sign to the Belarusian people to understand that he is not alone. We have no gas, no oil, nothing interesting about the geopolitical for countries like Britain. But we have people. Please, do not these people get killed in the street."

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