dimanche 22 janvier 2012

Papua: Three stones for a home fire: "Islam, Catholicism and Protestantism"

 
In a religious family, tolerance is a tradition.

         "I am Muslim, my younger brother, there, on the other side, is a Christian. We are of the same family, but our difference in religion is not a problem, "said Haruna Patiran, 65 years,  supporter of the harmony between the villages of Tetar and Ofie in the Bay of Patipi Prefecture Fakfak of West Papua.
         Religious diversity within a family is common. And this for years.
         At the end of fasting during the month of Ramadan, Christians prepare food for their Muslim brothers and during the Christmas season is the reverse happens: Muslims prepare the Christmas menu all share.
         Note that when Muslims observe fasting, Christian families abstain from eating out of respect for the religious obligation of the other.

A halal dish in every home.

         Major consumers of wild pigs, families and Tetar Ofie each of the dishes for halal food for Muslim brothers and sisters to meet the dietary laws of Islam.
         It is customary for Muslims working in the construction of a church and when we must build a mosque, Christians provide their building materials and give them a helping hand.
         Thus, the facade of the mosque Patimburak the oldest in the city of Fakfak, strangely resembles a church.
         The ethnicity of Mbaham Matta in Fakfak cultivates the tradition of religious tolerance, especially through the tombormak or "accumulation of goods."
         When requesting the hand of his bride, the man must pay a dowry in money, bracelets or gold. All family members, whether Christian or Muslim, are involved in the formation of the dot. It is their way to erase all conflicts, to relieve the family of physically bride and groom and strengthen the bonds of brotherhood.

"A home, three stones."

         The term is of the former mayor of Fakfak, Matondang MJP (1990-1995) to express that tolerance has become popular. The three stones symbolize the three religions practiced in the city: Islam, Catholicism and Protestantism.The three stones are the pillars of the home fire on which the cooking pot in which is preparing the same menu for the entire home.
         On Fakfak 69,098 residents, 59,5% are Muslim, 20.4% are Protestants and 19, 3% are Catholic.
         Islam was introduced into the region in the sixteenth century, through the Sultanate of Tidore in the Moluccas (eastern Indonesia).
         Christianity was introduced in the nineteenth century Fakfak via Tidore by two German Protestant missionaries: Karl Wilhelm Ottow (1827-1862) and Johann Gottlob Geisseler (1830-1870) landed in the Bay of Mansinam Cenderawasih, Papua February 5, 1855 . They were crossing for Manokwari (province north of Fakfak).
         But the people of Fakfak say that Islam was introduced at home nor by the Arabs, nor by the Javanese nor by Bugis of Celebes, but it would be a gift from the Creator God of their island. Just as Christianity. The Christians believe that the prophet Fakfak  Adam came down to earth directly in Papua.
         Muslims have their Mecca is located on a hill the prophet, behind the opening of Argun Kaimana. So why pay so much to perform the Hajj in Saudi Arabia?
         This religious tolerance based on mutual respect between citizens of Fakfak made barely remember the images of the sectarian violence plaguing the world, broadcast on long days on television.

Meanwhile, a little further from Fakfak ...

         This harmony of paradise Fakfak contrasts with the violence around the site of the U.S. mining company Freeport operates the huge deposit of gold and copper in the world to Timika.
         In September 2011, during the last strike in the mine, three miners were killed. His methods of destructive exploitation has raised the Papuan independence sentiment, carried by the armed group Movement for the Free Papua Movement (OPM). The OPM was founded in 1965, after the invasion of Papua by the Indonesian military.
         Indeed, the island of Papua is divided into two parts: Papua New Guinea Independent (5,940,775 inhabitants in 2009 over an area of ​​462,840 km2) and the West New Guinea, province of Indonesia since 2003 ( 643,013 inhabitants over an area of ​​114,566 Km2).
         At the last congress of the Papuan people, coincidentally, is the religious leader, the Rev. Max Elbe which launched the call for independence while the Papuan separatist flag floated over the Congress.

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