lundi 2 janvier 2012

Philippines: In a straight line of the Presidency to jail or exile.

Ferdinand Marcos said one day: "There are many things that we do not want the world. Do not regret that. Change them.” Unfortunately nobody wants to change bad habits in the Philippines left to regret it sometimes!

Former President Gloria Macapagal Arroyo arrested at the hospital in Manila.

         "The arrest warrant was issued against the former Philippine President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo, in a hospital in Manila,"
reported a local newspaper on Friday on its website.
         The warrant was issued at St. Luke's Medical Center in Taguig City, Manila by Alan Purisima, director of the Bureau of Police for the capital, said the Filipino newspaper "Daily Inquirer".
         The Philippine National Police was quoted saying it has "implemented the mandates of all respondents”
with the support of the criminal investigation and detection group, and" shall issue arrest that warrants by the court. "
The Electoral Commission has filed a formal complaint to the Court of First Instance of Pasay City Regional and the arrest warrant was issued several hours later.
         Daughter of former President Diosdado Macapagal (1910-1997) born in 1947, Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo was Vice President of the Philippines, 30 June 1998 to January 20, 2001 and then President of the Republic of January 20, 2001 to June 30 2010. She  has been accused of electoral sabotage in the 2007 national elections.
         She was beaten in the elections in May 2010 by Benigno Aquino, son of Cory Aquino and Benigno Aquino Jr.. Also accused of corruption, she was placed under arrest in November 2011 and she risks 40 years in prison. She had tried in vain to go abroad.
         What has become commonplace in Philippine history. Few former presidents who leave the power in Philippines without going to the box prison.
         Did she thinks to his predecessor Joseph Estrada who stayed, when he is in this prison : The Veterans Memorial Medical Center (VMMC).

Imelda and Ferdinand Marcos, the couple began carving up the country!

         For over two decades, the dictatorial regime of Ferdinand Marcos Edralin (1965-1986) was distinguished by an impressive massive corruption and misappropriation of public funds. The bodies of Philippine banks have literally plundered by a presidential family greedy and omniscient.
         Marcos is considered as a model for excessive embezzlement: he would have diverted billions of dollars from Philippine Treasury. He also made famous for his nepotism, employing family and friends in key positions in his government.
         His term was marked by brutality and the disappearance of thousands of opponents.
         In 1983, the assassination of Benigno Aquino (1932-1983) can be seen as the straw that broke the camel of a system rotten to the core. Especially since during his third term health of the dictator was showing worrying signs.
         In 1986, believing himself to be immovable, Marcos made the mistake of holding elections he was safe to manipulate at will. He alone had the means. The opposition drew up as one man behind the widow of his victim, Maria Corazon Sumulong Cojuangco Aquino-(1933-2009), who won the election.
         But Ferdinand Marcos had never contemplated such a scenario. Elected or not, the power in the Philippines was his by right.
         With the support of the army then commanded by the future president, General Juan Ponce Enrile and the Defence Minister and future President Fidel Valdez Ramos (1992-1998), and support of the movement "people power" increased by paralysis of the country through mass demonstrations, Cory Aquino came to power as Ferdinand Marcos, was seriously ill forced into exile in Hawaii.
         Dragging trunks sips of gold, diamonds, jewelry, paintings of the masters and many rich bank accounts in all the best tax havens, they were believing they would return to power soon. The Marcos family is suspected of embezzling up to $ 10 billion for state coffers.
         Charged with misappropriation of funds by the United States, the Philippine dictator died in Honolulu September 28, 1989 when his private mausoleum in the Byodo-In Temple on the island of Oahu, is visited by his family and friends.
         As for his friends, strong men of his regime, they are buried in a crypt refrigerated Liocos Norte (their descendants they hope they will resume the life and power one day?), and where his son Ferdinand Marcos Jr. and his daughter Imee have served as governor and representative local government.
         In 1990, Imelda Romualdez Marcos (born 1929) was acquitted of the head of embezzlement of public funds in the United States. In 1992, she was unsuccessful candidate for the Presidency of the Republic. In 1995, she was convicted of corruption after a trial tainted with corruption and mysticism. In May 2010 she ran for election.
         His son Ferdinand Romualdez Marcos Jr. nicknamed Bongbong (born 1957), elected senator in the province of Liocos Norte in 2007, dreams of being elected president in 2016.

Joseph Estrada, president sentenced to life imprisonment for corruption.

         Jose Marcelo Ejercito, well known by the name of Joseph Estrada (born 1937). Actor and film producer from the decline (1954-1993), he was elected Vice President in 1992 and then president (1998-2001).
         On January 20, 2001, Joseph Estrada, nicknamed "Erap" by his admirers was overthrown by a popular revolt backed by the army. On September 12, 2007, after six years of trial he was sentenced for corruption and sentenced to life imprisonment under the President Gloria Arroyo. The Philippine government has requested the return of some 87 million of frozen assets in the banks.
         On October 26, 2007, receiving the grace of President Gloria Arroyo, he was released because of his age after giving up all seek elective office again.
         Philippine politics is a matter of great families and money. The Presidency of the Republic has practically become hereditary. Each elected president accused his predecessor of being corrupted to justify his anti-corruption policy.
         The Philippines (in homage to the future Philip II of Spain) is an archipelago of 7,717 islands, 12 islands totaling 9% of the occupied lands. Its area extends over 1,840 Km from north to south and 1,104 Km from east to west. More than two thousand islands are occupied by 101, 839,381 inhabitants in 2011. The Philippines are independent since 1946. The capital Manila is located on the largest island: Luzon. The Philippines people speak over 150 languages.

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