jeudi 19 janvier 2012

South Africa: The parallel destinies of former first ladies Winnie Mandela & Marike de Klerk.

 
Winnie Madikizela Mandela, the icon of the South Africa and torturer and killer.

         Born September 26, 1936 in Bizana (Pondoland, Transkei). Its name, maiden-Nomzamo Nobandla Zaniewe Winnifried Madikizela is the daughter of Columbus Madikizela, traditional chief and Minister of Forestry and Agriculture in the government of the unrecognized Podoland Bantustan in the Transkei. She lost her mother to eight years.
         She studied social worker at the Jan Hofmeyr School in Johannesburg and then at the University of Witwatersrand. She is active in the Non-European Unity (Neum) during his studies. In 1958, she was briefly imprisoned for protesting against the imposition of "internal passports" by the white power in Pretoria.

Married to a lawyer named Nelson Mandela.


         On June 14, 1958, she worked as a social worker at Baragwanath Hospital when she married a young lawyer named Nelson Mandela, to whom she gives two girls.
         She adheres to the League of Women African National Congress (ANC) and the Federation of South African women. In 1962, she is under house arrest in Soweto. On June 12, 1964, her husband Nelson Mandela is sentenced to life imprisonment. It is deprived of his work, regularly banned and thrown in jail.
         In 1967, after a visit to Robben Island to her husband, she is thrown in jail for one month. In 1969, it is kept in solitary confinement for eighteen months under the Terrorism Act. Between 1975 and 1976, it is regularly imprisoned for various reasons.
         May 16, 1977 she was banned from his home in South West Town (Soweto) and placed under house arrest for nine months to Brandfort in the Orange Free State. She escaped two bombings that destroy his house. Having dared to defy the order of banishment, she was again imprisoned in Johannesburg.
         For twenty-six, the one we now nicknamed the "Mother of the Nation" mobilize international opinion for the release of her husband, Nelson Mandela.

Conviction and divorce for the mother of the nation.


         In January 1989 she was charged with his bodyguards "the Mandela Football Club" for taking part in the kidnapping, torture and murder of a young black man named Stompie Seipei Moeketesi (14) in 1988. Nelson Mandela was released February 11, 1990.
         She separated from Mandela April 13, 1992 she officially divorced in March 1996. After the multiracial elections in April 1994 she was appointed to the government as Deputy Minister of Arts, Culture, Science and Technology. In April 1995, she was sacked from the government but still very influential in the ANC Despite the many problems with the law of South Africa. She was later elected as a member.
         April 25, 2003, she was sentenced by the Pretoria Regional Court to five years in prison with one year suspended sentence for his involvement with the South African tax.
She has published include:
-Part of My Soul
, Penguin, London, 1985. Translated into French and published by Editions du Seuil, Paris, 1986.

The horrible end of Marike de Klerk, former first lady and wife of a Nobel Prize for Peace.

         Marike Willemse born November 17, 1939 in Pretoria. She is the daughter of Willemse, Emeritus Professor of Social Psychology at the University of Pretoria and writer. She was preparing a degree in business studies at the University of Potchefstroom when she meets her husband Frederik de Klerk who was preparing a law degree. They get married in 1989 and have three children: Jan, Willem and Susan.
         They divorced in 1998 after 27 years of marriage. She was first lady from 1989 to 1994. Frederik de Klerk marries his mistress Ms Elita Georgiades, former wife of Greek shipping, Tony Georgiades met on a Greek ship in July 1994.
         In July 1999, Marike de Klerk became engaged to businessman Koekemoer, who was 49 years. Hours after his marriage, he is involved in a financial scandal that led to its bankruptcy. He was so broke he had to borrow money to pay the engagement ring.
The marriage never took place. Very annoyed, Marike de Klerk sank into depression. It also followed a treatment against depression since her engagement with Johan Koekemer missed.

The violent end of a lady who deserved respect for the nation.

         On December 4, 2001, his body is found, a kitchen knife stuck in his back, dropped his pajamas and his face covered with bruises in her luxury apartment in Cape Town, Table View.
         The culprit was none other than Luyanda Mboniswa, 22, employee of the company responsible for ensuring the residence where lived Marike.
         The young assassin says he acted in collusion with John Thembus, a mestizo, a dance teacher who suspected to be not only a tutor but also her lover. To deceive her loneliness, she often invited to dinner.
         Mboniswa Thembus says he was promised a car at a good price if it helped him to steal the support of Marike de Klerk she had just received and the trophy  of Nobel Peace Prize awarded to her ex-husband Frederik de Klerk in 1993 she kept home. Subjected to interrogation, the South African police did not find anything against him.
         Do we want to preserve the honor of the Nobel Peace Prize and last white president of the country, leaving aside the rape of Marike and releasing Thembus?
         Luyanda Mboniswa was sentenced to life imprisonment May 23, 2003.
         Marike de Klerk who had refused to resume maiden name after her divorce had been strangled, stabbed and probably raped. Ten years after the end of apartheid, the new South Africa was in a state shock.

Will Violence destroy the rainbow sky  nation?

         The shock wave caused by the death of the former first lady was as the former wife of Nelson Mandela, Winnie Madikizela-Mandela, had demonstrated its solidarity.
         "As a woman, I can identify with the depletion of emotional resources in supporting the career of her husband,"
she had said then.
Since her divorce, Marike de Klerk lived alone and spent part of his time to writing. His first book was back on her experiences as first lady, while the second was providing advice to older women facing divorce.
         The country of Nelson Mandela and Frederik de Klerk is facing other challenges: violence, crime, rape and theft.
         In 2010, the South African Police Service has identified 16,000 homicides or 44 murders a day. 66.000 of all sexual assaults and robberies.
         And if the nation rainbow sky had fallen from bad to worse?

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