dimanche 8 janvier 2012

A Swiss slavery in Suriname.

 
"The crash where I was two hundred negroes, men, women and children. These are people who work as little as possible and obey by force," writes Marc Warnery (27), director of plantations Suriname (then Dutch Guiana) to his father, soldier, judge and alderman in Morges. It was in 1824.
         Confusing to have reduced poverty to his people after a bad business experience in Versoix, he crossed the Atlantic from Amsterdam in 1823 with the hope to replenish the family capital.
         Marc's father, Jules-Henri Warnery, was the owner of the domain Riond-Bosson, in Tolochenaz, in the Canton of Vaud.
In the wake of thousands of others fleeing Helvetians nineteenth century recession depleting Switzerland, one appointed Guignard, carpenter cabinetmaker in Aubonne, sailed to Amsterdam and arrived in Suriname, Dutch Guiana lush colony.
On his arrival in Paramaribo, the capital, he goes through a learning farm, followed by a status of "white officer."
         You go up in rank and became director of mobile plant, but not enriched. Hence the rage fed to white-skinned peers, these Dutch settlers haughty.
         In sugar cane plantation near Paramaribo, Marc Warnery rules over an army of black slaves compelled to work the hardest.
"Most of my negroes did not receive lashes, because it is forbidden under pain of heavy penalties to hit or be hit with a stick," he says.
He still tells the case of one of his slaves pregnant for eleven (!) Months and that does nothing for six months: "For punishment, she will receive sixty blows, or they spend a week sitting in a wooden feet (yoke ) to prevent escape. "
After the fire the shopping areas of Paramaribo in 1832 and the arrest of five to six native Vaudois tells the story of the Supreme Court has sentenced three to be burned alive and others to be hanged at the scene of their offense.
Sordid detail: one of the leaders would have survived his ordeal in thirteen minutes: "This terrible sentence to be published in any civilized people was necessary, however, when you consider how few white we are here, we're dealing with people with no education , almost raw, with any sense of the soul is unknown, and which are sensitive only to physical pain, "wrote the young planter Vaud.
"In Suriname, there were plantations, run by the Swiss, who were called "Helvetia" or "Freedom," says the politician speaking innkeeper Hans Fässler.
         In terms of colonial domain, he cites the "Purysburg" a Pury Neuchâtel created in Virginia. One of his son was killed during a riot with slaves.
         The last letter of 40 letters Marc Warnery dated August 30, 1835. Suffering from malaria, he died the following year to 43 years in the plantation Dijkfeld without having seen Switzerland.
         Suriname, a country of Latin America 163,270 km2, inhabited by 475,996 people (2008) is independent of the Netherlands since November 25, 1975.

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