mercredi 4 janvier 2012

Vatican: The Sistine Chapel has been restored thanks to the tax on prostitution.

The Sistine Chapel is named after Pope Sixtus IV had it built from 1477 to 1483. It is in this chapel that the cardinals meet in conclave the cardinals to elect the new pope. It was consecrated on the feast of the Assumption August 15, 1483. It owes its reputation to the fact that the decoration was done by the greatest Renaissance artists: Michelangelo (1475-1564), Pietro di Cristoforo Vannucci said Perugino (1448-1523), Alessandro di Mariano di Vanni Filipepi, known as Sandro Botticelli (1445-1510), Domenica Ghirlandaio (1449-1494), Cosimo Rosselli (1439-1507) and Bernardino di Betto, called Pinturicchio (1454-1513) in particular.
         To bail out the Vatican's finances and pay the corporations working on the chapel named after him, Pope Sixtus IV had the brilliant idea to tax all prostitutes and priests in concubinage Papal States, including Rome.
         The tax reported to the Vatican 30,000 ducats a year. A fortune. According to 1477 statistics, there were 6,300 officially recognized Prostitutes and numerous singles. Restoration still contested between 1981 and 1989 was funded by the Nippon Television Network Corporation, which in return was given the right images.
         To take advantage of this windfall, Pope Sixtus VI acquired himself a brothel being a pimp. The project was launched in 1046 by Pope Clement II, Suidger Morsleben and Hornburg (1005-1048) of German origin, who had forced all Roman prostitutes to pay a tax to the Holy See on every encounter with a new client .
         The reign of Clement II lasted only nine months and a half from December 1047 to October 1047. He was poisoned with the toxic smoke of a candle (perhaps by Benedict IX who takes his place until 1048).

S. S. Sixtus IV, Pope and bisexual pimp.

         His real name, Francesco della Rovere, son of a cloth merchant born July 21, 1414 in Celle Ligure, near Savona. At age 9, he is an oblate at the Convent of San Francesco of Savona, where he took his vows. He studied theology in Chieri, Bologna and Pavia. After obtaining his license, he taught theology, logic and philosophy in several Italian cities including the University of Padua. In 1464 he became Minister General of the Franciscans. In 1469, he was elevated to cardinal by Pope Paul II (1417-1471). He was elected Pope 25 August 1471 under the name of Sixtus IV after 4 days of conclave.
         Before his election, he has an excellent reputation until the hold that evil of his nephews on him. His pontificate was criticized by intellectuals of his time including: the Italian Nicolas Machiavelli (1469-1527), French Alexandre Dumas (1802-1870), and in the sixteenth century, the Anglican theologian Baele smoker deepened that reputation in the service of ideological causes. Baele says so unlikely that Sixtus IV had given to the cardinals "Permission to engage in sodomy during periods of hot weather."
He was accused of simony (buying and selling of spiritual things, especially of a sacrament or ecclesiastical office) and practice a blatant nepotism.
         In fact he appointed Cardinal many young people, famous for their physical beauty, including his nephew Cardinal Raphael Riario, at 17, accused of being her lover.

A pope builder and patron.

         With tax revenues Vatican, he worked on the embellishment of Rome. Apart from the Sistine Chapel, he restored many other religious buildings (Basilica of St. John Lateran, Santa Maria della Pace church, Santa Maria del Popolo and Saint'Agostino) and built the bridge Sisto in Rome by the architect Baccio Pontelli (1450-1492). His work was called "Restauratio Urbis." Charity begins at himself, he did not forget his own family, Della Rovere, a native of Piedmont, who gave two Popes to the Catholic Church: Pope Sixtus IV and Julius II (1443-1503) and Cesare Borgia, which eliminated enlarges considerably the Papal States. Sixtus IV hired the architect Giovanni Dolci to entirely rebuild the castle of Ronciglione: This massive fortress, flanked by four imposing towers that earned him the nickname "I Rorrioni" or "La Rocca".

Dogmas disturbing and very questionable decisions.

         In 1478, he gives the Spanish sovereigns, Ferdinand II of Aragon and Isabella I of Castile the right to return the call and the infamous Inquisition Tomas de Torquemada (1420-1498), brother preacher, confessor to Queen Isabella of Castile and King Ferdinand of Aragon, Grand Inquisitor of Castile, where 150.000 people were burned alive, accused of witchcraft for over 150,000 trials.
         By his bull "Aeterni Regi" of June 21, 1481, upheld the right of the Portuguese to acquire slaves along the African coast by force or by trade.
         On February 8, 1475, he instituted a papal bull, the Atonement of Chaumont at the request of John of Montmirel granting in perpetuity a plenary indulgence to all those who, each time the St. John the Baptist (June 24) a fall Sunday, visit the church of Saint John the Baptist, it will confess and receive Communion.
         In 1479, he concluded an alliance with the Swiss cantons which included the lifting of mercenaries
         He died August 12, 1484 in Rome. He is buried in the chapel of the design of St. Peter. He was succeeded by Innocent VIII.

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