mardi 13 mars 2012

France / Germany: Coco Chanel was a Nazi spy.

According to the biography writed by former journalist and veteran American living in France, Hal Vaughan (84 years) published by Knopf in the United States in 2011: "Sleeping with the Enemy, Coco's Chanel's Secret War, "the famous French dressmaker and designer of perfume No. 5, Gabrielle Bonheur Chanel aka Coco Chanel was a German spy during World War II.
To write his book, Hal Vaughan draws on numerous archival French, English, German and American.
Gabrielle Bonheur Chanel was born August 19, 1883 in a hospice for the poor in Saumur, Maine-et-Loire in western France. At thirteen, his mother died of tuberculosis.
She was educated at the Cistercian abbey of Aubazine in Corrèze. At age of ten, she learned sewing with the ladies of the Institute canonesses our lady of Moulins. In 1903, she was hired as a seamstress at Maison Grampayre, sewing kits and layettes specialist.
At 24, she will be playing in front of the officers who nicknamed "Coco".
At 25, she began her adventurous social life from Captain Etienne Balsan to Arthur Edward Capel, nicknamed Boy. He is the latter who lends a small business to found his first sewing workshop "Chanel Modes" in Paris that employs over 300 workers in 1913.
She then became the mistress of Grand Duke Dimitri Pavlovich Romanov (1891-1942), the poet Pierre Reverdy (1889-1960) and Hugh Richard Arthur Grosnor, Duke of Westminster (1879-1953). In 1939, she is leading a successful business that uses 4,000 workers.

Agent F-7124, code-named Westminster.

In 1940 she was 57 years old, when she is recruited by the Abwehr, the intelligence services of the German General Staff. She becomes the agent F-7124, code-named Westminster, the name of her former lover and friend, the Duke of Westminster.
mission of the Abwehr in August 1941, she traveled to Spain with  another agent, Baron Louis de Vaufreland, in charge of recruiting new secret agents. She secretly hopes for the release of one of his nephews, named Andrew, prisoner in a German camp. This is the Baron Louis de Vaufreland who introduced her to Baron Hans Gunther von Dincklage (1896-1974), nicknamed "Spatz" (12 years her junior), a former Gestapo agent in Morocco.
         In 1944, in Madrid, she received a large sum of money from a Gestapo agent. This money allows her to be owner of the factory of perfume Chanel No5 belonging to Jewish brothers Alain and Paul Wertheimer.
With her lover "Spatz", they reside during the occupation on the 7th floor of the Ritz in Paris, then squatted by the Germans. The luxury hotel was frequented by Hermann Wilhelm Goering (1893-1946) and Paul Joseph Goebbels (1897-1945).
Hal Vaughan relates to the release in 1944, she will be even briefly arrested by the FFI and released on intervention of his friend Winston Churchill (1874-1965) met in 1927.
Of course, until his death January 10, 1971 in Paris, "Mademoiselle" deny to have been spying for the Nazis.

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