mardi 20 mars 2012

Germany: "The miracle of Reunification."

 
The former director of the committee to open the archives of the Stasi, elected president of Germany.
         Since March 18, 2012, Germany is led by two citizens of the former German Democratic Republic (GDR): Chancellor Angela Merkel and President Joachim Gauck.
         What was unthinkable during the fall of the Berlin Wall in 1990. The Germans who have been  traumatized by a grotesque dictatorship take their revenge. This trauma was born the passion for democracy and freedom.
         When you have lived inside of a dictatorship as Gauck, we have the opportunity to sharpen his resistance, which gives a unique character and charisma. With these two personalities on his head which are illustrated in the fight against totalitarianism in the GDR, unified Germany can only emerge stronger when Europe is undergoing its greatest depression since the end of the War World.

Director of the Stasi archives, the political police of the GDR.

         During the 80, Gauck enlisted in the defense of human rights within a group of opponents. In the fall of the Wall in 1990, he became head of the Stasi archives, the political police of the communist regime, with a mission to shed light on a half-century of espionage and extortion.
         The Stasi was founded in 1950 on the model of the KGB. To get an idea of ​​what the Lichtenberg district of the former East Berlin, between Ruschestrasse and Normannenstrasse, QC of the former Stasi extended over 4 ha. Its headquarters was converted into a museum which opened in 1991.
         In the fall of the Berlin Wall, it employed 91,000 Spies and 175,000 informers, regular contributors and volunteers. A total of 1% to 2% of the East German population has actively collaborated with the regime. This means that there was a spy for an average of 50 East German citizens .
         Over the years, the Stasi had accumulated a shelf of 180 km archive of 6 million East Germans and a handful of enemies of the West. Spied by their neighbors, colleagues, friends and family, nearly 2 million former victims have asked since the Wall fell, access to their files.
         "Released to 6 h 45, returned at 16 h 30 ..."
The files contained much information of a distressing banality carefully typewritten, and the worst betrayals, written in this language had developed indigestible administration over the years.

The Lutheran pastor who has lived it all.

        
Son of Joachim Gauck Sr, and Olga Gauck (born Warremann), born January 24, 1940 in Rostock on the Baltic Sea. His father was Captain of sea exercises then inspector duties to the Company Neptun Werft shipbuilding.
         In 1951, his son is eleven years old when he is sentenced by a Soviet military court to hard labor in Siberia. He was accused of espionage to be in collusion with the West. The family is still no news of him for three years. In 1955, following the visit of West German Chancellor Konrad Adenauer (1876-1967) to Moscow to negotiate the release of political prisoners from Germany, he was released.
         Joachim Gauck Jr. received a Bachelor of Innerstädtisches Gymnasium in Rostock. He dreams of being a journalist, but we refused. He chose to study theology and became pastor of the Protestant church in Mecklenburg. His work is made difficult by the continuous observation was that the church by the Stasi. He was labeled as "an incorrigible anti-Communist (unverbesserlicher Antikommunist)."
         In 1989, he became spokesman for the New Forum, a democratic opposition movement. He participates in major events that lead to the fall of the wall of Berlin. During the first free elections on March 18, 1990, he was elected to the House of the people of the GDR where he sat until the dissolution of East Germany in October 1990. On the eve of the dissolution, he was elected Special Representative for the Stasi archives. After the dissolution, he is confirmed in his functions as Special Representative of the federal government the same archive by President Richard von Weizsäcker and Chancellor Helmut Kohl. Married to his childhood friend Gerhild "Hansi" Gauck (nee Radtke) which he is separated till 1991, he is the father of four children and lives since 2000 with the journalist Daniela Schadt.

The German Obama and Gauckmania.

         After a cascade of resignations, Joachim Gauck appears as a rare bird at the same to refurbish the presidency of Germany. In 2010, when he attended for the first time as President of Germany, he was nicknamed "The German Obama"
and attracted a veritable "Gauckmania". He was the candidate of the Greens and the Socialist Party, the SPD. It took three of voting for the CDU and FDP needed finally to the Federal Assembly his predecessor, Christian Wulff at the head of state.
         "Yes, we Gauck,"
headlined euphoria the “Bild am Sonntag”, 6 June 2010, while the weekly “Der Spiegel” said with delight as the seven Gauck was "the best president" (from Christian Wulff, the Christian candidate Democrat appointed by the ruling coalition to succeed President Horst Köhler, who resigned). 
 

         The SPD and the Greens chose Joachim Gauck, and although it actually has no chance given the power relations prevailing in the Bundestag and the Bundesrat, the German political class is so excited. The firm attracted the majority of sympathies.

A president who can not think without the idea of ​​freedom.

         After his election Sunday, March 18, 2012, he exclaimed: "What a beautiful Sunday!", Recalling that 22 years ago to the day took place the first and last free elections in the GDR, a few months before the German Reunification 3 October 1990. "I will never forget these elections. Never!", He said, visibly moved.
         "You have elected a president who can not think without the idea of ​​freedom in him”, he said to the attention of the electoral college of 1,240 people consisting of deputies and delegates from the regional states who came to the to elect.
         This man had to wait 50 years to get acquainted with democracy. By bringing him to the head of their country, the Germans have honored a defender of  Human rights.
         It is the first German from the former GDR to access to this prestigious role. There is a strong symbol of the miracle of German reunification after the election November 22, 2005 the first woman chancellor also from the GDR, Angela Dorothea Merkel. The fact that East German could have become Chancellor of all Germans only fifteen years after reunification had surprised many at the time. It had then talked about political miracle.
         March 18, 2012, when Joachim Gauck  was elected as President of the Republic by the Federal Assembly, the triumph of the East is full: two personalities of former GDR at the head of the Federal Republic of Germany, the great capitalist industrial countries - the thing was almost unimaginable in 1990.
         The British newspaper 'The Independent' described him as "Germany's answer to Nelson Mandela." He is often compared to the Polish Lech Walesa and the to Czech Vaclav Havel (1936-2011).

1 commentaire:

  1. How about this for a design for a wall painting, in the tried-and-true Art Nouveau style?: http://EN.WahooArt.com/A55A04/w.nsf/OPRA/BRUE-8BWN3L, by the famous English artist, Audrey Beardsley himself. You can also order a canvas print of the picture from wahooart.com.

    RépondreSupprimer