samedi 31 mars 2012

Turkmenistan: Better to have a daughter than a son.

         While in China or India, having a boy is considered a blessing, in Turkmenistan, many parents wish they had a daughter instead of a boy. Reason, the future dowry "kalym"
that will pay for the boy to marry.
         The number of marriages where the groom's family pays a kalym (dowry) to his future wife's family is clearly increasing in Turkmenistan.
“In 2011, 90% of families have used this ancient tradition,"
writes the Turkmen Gündogar site, which explains the preference of parents for the birth of a daughter, a son being synonymous with "debt and ruin."
         The amount of dowry varies, but they account for a huge sum for the impoverished Central Asian -3,000 to 10,000 U.S. dollars (2250-7500 euros).
         The amount paid by the bridegroom kalym determines the nature and quality of gifts that the bride must make to turn to her new family: appliances, furniture, clothing, gold jewelry.
         According to an imam, the volume of kalym also depends on "the quality of the goods: the beautiful Turkmen with a university degree and those who have mastered the traditional trades" are listed.
         The trend is so strong that the girls "compete with each other and suffer if a friend or relative was better that they valued."

         Country of Central Asia surrounded by Afghanistan, Iran, the Caspian Sea, Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan, a former republic of the Soviet Union, Turkmenistan, populated by 5.5 million inhabitants,  extends over 488,100 km2. Its capital is Ashgabat.
         The life expectancy is 58 years for men and 65 for women. Its GDP is 4.5 billion. It produces oil, and cotton. It is headed by an iron fist since 2007 by the dentist Gurbanguly Berdymukhamedov. He was reelected to 97.14% of the vote in February 2012. The average salary per month is 9.4 U.S. dollars. And the population lives on less than $ 2 per day.

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