dimanche 24 juin 2012

The African federal state: the only way out "by Theophile Obenga *

 
Rector of the University of Kinshasa, distinguished directors, distinguished professors and dear colleagues, dear students of the University Community, University of Kinshasa, Dear Friends,
        
I would like first of all about, express my deep gratitude to the Administrator Group CEO releases "The Potential", Mr Freddy Mulumba Kabuayi, Executive Director of the Congolese Institute for Development Research and Strategic Studies, Professor Francois Mukoka Nsenda, and the Director of the Centre for Policy Studies, and Director of the Centre for Research in the epistemology of social sciences and humanities.
        
I also hasten to recognize and greet so many eminent personalities and so many excellent academic colleagues, for their encouraging presence.
        
At the university community of the University of Kinshasa, directors headed by Mr. Rector, teachers and students, I extend my warmest greetings as a sign of high esteem and academic solidarity, always exemplary, edifying, enriching.

Ladies and Gentlemen,

        
It's always a pleasure to meet in Kinshasa, a city of light, but also, and more, soon city proud of its 12 million people who daily urban charm, vivacity cultural and intellectual strength of this great metropolis at the heart of Central Africa, along the mighty river that waters also Brazzaville.
        
What makes Kinshasa and Brazzaville appear to continue a single urban area bound by the same river, soon crossed by a modern bridge.
        
But the best is precisely the brotherhood and friendship that is shared between them and the Kinshasa Brazzaville, Brazzaville and have yet felt deeply in the tragedy of Mpila, March 4, 2012, having received from Kinshasa, both government and private sectors, support spontaneous multiform considerable weight. I would therefore allow me to assure recognition of Kinshasa from Brazzaville.

Ladies and Gentlemen,
         I was invited to present my latest book on “The Federal State of Black Africa: the only solution, published in Paris, L'Harmattan, 2012”.
It is thin and contains 71 pages 35 illustrations.
        
I would especially like, if you grant it me, primarily present in the argument, that is to say, the underlying motivation, urgency and topicality urgent need to collect the full extent of the issue and its extreme importance in this contemporary Black Africa, it is today and, especially, needless to say, tomorrow.
        
There is hope, vision can be described without hesitation as utopian utopia but, when it takes shape and materializes, necessarily becomes an event of unique historical significance.
        
Human beings live in utopia, imaginary, illusion and hope: animals, no or ever and ever.
        
Christianity, as we know, was born in a huge bloodbath, since it was for ever initial invasive than a utopia in the name of love of neighbor and love of God.
Where are we today?
        
The U.S. federation was in the beginning, there are nearly 300 years that political rather empty which was strongly opposed by the Southern secessionist states.
Where are we today?
        
The struggle of the ANC against the fortress of apartheid was estimated vain and fruitless by intellectuals brave and respected international reputation.

Where are we today?

        
The people who have no utopia have no future. The people who do not cultivate any utopia perish in the monotony.
        
Peoples whose elites do not carry the debate live on big ambitions almost sidelines otherwise outside of humanity.
        
Utopia is necessary: ​​the utopia, that is to say, the vision, perspective, foresight, future, depending on choice of major, overriding interests, standard bearers of truth, dignity, justice and prosperity.
        
The current African developments require the formulation or reformulation of African great utopias.
But what made African?
        
The facts are presented by current African experts, here and here and here and there, as facts which are only effects, but effects without causes. It's very bad epistemology, one that is to present facts by neglecting or deleting their real causes. Facts without question, this falls under what theory of knowledge?

But what do we see? What is said in the offices?

        
The facts that pinned here, across the African continent: - elections confusing, not transparent, not credible-conflict post-election ethnic - bad governance - corruption of the political and business climate - acute and chronic food crises - poverty, insecurity, suffering - pedagogical systems of misery - youth unemployment, widespread underemployment - deforestation undisciplined, irrational - not worrying lack of Africans on the stage of world affairs - notorious lack of modern scientific and technological achievements - pandemic diseases: AIDS, malaria, etc..
        
Those are the facts which negative the root causes remain deliberately obscure and vague, unanalyzable.
        
Here, however, positive developments: - sparkle and dynamism of African culture: arts, music, dance, painting, literature, etc.. -Increasing notoriety of African sport, especially football and inter-African competitions.

How to understand?

        
Africa is an issue. This question is at what is repeated daily, the persistent underdevelopment.
        
Africa is underdeveloped and the problem is the struggle against underdevelopment. The reality, heavily negative, shows that Africa can only perpetually struggling for centuries to come in under-development, for its hypothetical development.
        
Africa is an issue, that of its underdevelopment and the solution to underdevelopment lies in the development, saying that underdevelopment is developed, that is to say, the development of underdevelopment 's increases. It is clear that the "joint development" proposed in the speech of the break was only a deception more.
        
However, nothing was wanting to Africa - humanitarian aid daily - the price paid advice of experts in international monetary institutions - bilateral and multilateral continually diversified - the partnership all backgrounds, all-round - the happy programs Structural Adjustment - well thought out codes of good governance in foreign injunction - the North-South dialogue; technology transfer; literacy campaigns ephemeral - the laws and commissions fight against corruption and illicit enrichment, etc..
        
Africa and still wails in underdevelopment, become chronic lasting, with unjust debts added to the already meager state revenues, not to mention the precarious terms of trade.
        
However, upon reflection, even the term "development" is a ruse for the confinement of West Africa in the underdevelopment and cash crops.
        
Countries that do develop by building each day hospitals, schools, stadiums, dams, airports, railways, highways, laboratories and high tech industries, almost never does pronounce the term "development ".
        
Incidentally, how many times the U.S. president he pronounced the words: "Development of USA", while the U.S. are developing every day, guided by the ambitious concept of undisputed leadership in the world.

Countries that are developing every day do not make use of diarrheal word "development".

        
The West was able to convince the African intelligentsia that the issue of development is the central issue, then we know, also, that Africa can not develop fully across the state nation, because many negative facts, and that, despite the aid and cooperation, despite the moral and ethical governance.
        
Which means, clearly, and very clearly, that Africa must remain forever in the underdevelopment or quasi-development to ensure the development of the West by providing free almost all the raw materials West desperately needs for its development, its progress, its power, his happiness.
        
The pumping of Africa by the West installs here underdevelopment, and creates, there, the development. The current African nation-state can not stop pumping of Africa by the West. This continuous pumping means that the West has no interest that black Africa is free and grows.
        
The root cause of underdevelopment of black Africa is never the West, since the thirteenth century, through the Atlantic slave trade, slavery, colonization, domination, apartheid, neo- colonization, with structures of inequality and unsustainable historically as the "France-Africa".
        
That totals nearly 10 centuries of misfortune. If Africa has control of its mineral resources, its forests, its oil, its maritime waters, its arable land, while the West is inevitably weakened. So we have, for the salvation of the West and the dominance of "Wretched of the Earth" (Frantz Fanon) that Black Africa is still enslaved, infantilized, néocolonisée, underdeveloped.
        
The issue of Africa is not the underdevelopment or development but, clearly, the issue of power relations in the contemporary world.

Earthen pot against iron pot: who wins, who dominates, who leads, who makes the law?

        
Of earthen pot, China became iron pot. And respect is there. And one sign nuclear agreements.
        
Of earthen pot, India became iron pot. And the admiration is there. And one sign of nuclear granted.
        
The emergence, if desired, if proclaimed, it's just become iron pot. That's it. As the Other does not respect your dignity, you are only clay pot.
        
All geopolitical and geostrategic contemporary world shows that nations, states, peoples have changed scale: from clay pots, they all want to become iron pots, and that is globalization, as happening before our eyes. The African nation-state current must scale and blend in the federal state constitutionally African continent.
        
For the weak, the poor, the weak, the timid, the balkanized are but earthen pots, with their governments, national assemblies, their democratic institutions, their economies faltering, their low level of science and technology, their ardor inflamed exegetical.
        
The issue of African development is not, but the creation of an African political power on a continental scale.
It takes locomotives African nation states, that is to say that leaders for grand pan-African vision what the Federal State of Africa on a continental scale. It's never too early.
        
It's never too early to write the history of Africa by Africans in Africa.
        
It's never too early to write the history of Africa by Africans in Africa in a world so complex and difficult in perpetual political crisis, financial, economic, moral and spiritual.
        
In the book The Federal State of Black Africa: the only way out, I tried, after DuBois, Marcus Garvey, Kwame Nkrumah, Lumumba, Cheikh Anta Diop, to outline in some detail and outlines the political, energy economic, technical, industrial, communicational, etc.. of the African continental power that will ensure the final liberation of African peoples.
        
Africa is huge, geographically large and demographically. It needs large and strong ambitions. The draft "Perpetual Peace" Kant's is still so far out of reach of today's world. We need to update the Pan-Africanism. The contemporary world is what it is: sharing to all humanity the world's wealth is not for tomorrow.
         Rich countries refuse categorically to welcome and to relieve the misery of the world.
        
So, therefore, and unambiguous, the Federal State of Africa remains the only way, for today and tomorrow. Everything must move and move towards this historic outcome.

A new African consciousness.

        
This new African consciousness, before the new demands of life and survival, is the work of all forces in Africa: Writers, writers, and actresses, poets, who must leave the description of the facts colonial and postcolonial now to address the major themes of the new Africa;
Musicians, artists, athletes, filmmakers, fashion designers, model makers, who must unravel the mysteries, mobilize forces, energies, depending on the collective mindset of the present and the future. Intellectuals, scholars, thinkers, executives, booksellers, librarians, archivists, museum professionals, men and women of the churches, which should dispel ignorance, spread knowledge, innovate and invent other discourses whose dynamics transcend agreed to open new perspectives more African solidarity,. Politicians, leaders of associations, political party leaders, journalists and witnesses involved as social actors objectives, which should raise the fundamental interests of the African people over the contingencies and accessories,. Industrialists, bankers, economists, lawyers, merchants, military men and business women, farmers, workers, urban, rural, builders, architects, engineers, inventors, doctors, pharmacists, youth, adults, women, men, who must always imagine and increase creativity and African continental scale.

The construction of a new Africa.

        
The construction of a new Africa through the African federal state and requires a general mobilization of all energies for African welfare, good life, the happiness of all African people.
        
This is the African initiative in the contemporary world which is summarized in the choice of solidarity, the choice of the African power in a federal state. The choice of the political kingdom is to be made before the diagrams economists, for the advent of "tomorrow's Africa" ​​(Edem Kodjo).
        
So there will be more post-election conflict, policies of national reconciliation, let alone neo-Western military interventions; neocolonial more networks, more looting of raw materials, addition of "France-Africa": any relinquishes the accessory room for the essentials.
        
There will be only the basics: building a humanity of justice, equality, fraternity and progress for peace and welfare of the human family.
        
Is it not possible to create a chain with pan-African Union headquarters in Kinshasa whose main purpose would be to examine and promote the timing of the federal state contained in the Federal State of Black Africa: the only way out?

        
Thank you, Ladies and Gentlemen, Friends, heart full of gratitude.
_____________________________________

*Speech in Kinshasa, 22 June 2012 published by the daily "The Potential".

         *
Obenga Theophilus Joseph Mwene Ndzalé was born February 2, 1936 at Mbaya in Congo - Brazzaville. After his primary and secondary education in Brazzaville, he completed graduate studies at the Universities of Bordeaux, Paris-Sorbonne University, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania (USA), Geneva in Switzerland and then at the Ecole Pratique des Hautes Etudes in Paris, at the Institute of Human Palaeontology and the College de France in Paris.
        
He is Doctor of Arts degree from the University of Montpellier in France. Poet, philosopher, historian, linguist, scholar Professor Senegalese Egyptologist Cheikh Anta Diop *, philosopher, poet and politician. Director of the Ecole Normale Supérieure de Brazzaville,          He begins by following a career as a researcher and professor at the University Marien N'Gouabi in Brazzaville.
         He was the first Director General of the International Center of Bantu Civilizations (CICI.BA.). He was minister in the governments of Joachim Yhombi-Opango (1977-1979) and Pascal Lissouba (1992-1997).
         In 1999 he became Director of Studies Department of African Civilizations at the University of California (USA) and co-editor of the Journal of Egyptology and African Civilizations "Ankh". He is author of an abundant work.

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