mardi 28 août 2012

Suicidal missions of the United Nations.

 
 "He who seeks adventure meet, to the extent of his courage. He who seeks the sacrifice will be sacrificed to the extent of its purity "Dag Hammarskjöld in Milestones.

         When Inkontanyi the dreaded militia of Mwami of Rwanda, Kigeri Rwabugiri IV (1853-1895) were preparing to attack a foreign country, they sent a scout to advance mission in the country to attack. Knowing that he would never come alive, he was called "the sacrificial hero." He was handsome, single, a bit suicidal. Her parents and friends were informed in advance for prayers, tears ... and the posthumous honors.

Lakhdar Brahimi, the UN sacrificial hero, Syria.

         The O. N.U. sends "the sacrificial hero" in Syria in the person of Algerian Lakhdar Brahimi. There a few days, the Nobel Peace and Honorary Secretary General of the UN, Kofi Annan of Ghana, has thrown in the towel by saying that the mission to protect civilians is based on whatever the price to pay . But how high should we set the ceiling on suicide missions?
         Brahimi new UN mediator and the Arab League to Syria, said Friday he is "flattered, touched"
but also "scared" by the mission ahead, after his meeting with the Secretary General of the UN Ban Ki-moon.
         According to Ban Ki-moon, Lakhdar Brahimi will be "essential task to bring Syria peace stability and the promotion of human rights."

         Since the outbreak of the uprising against the regime of Bashar al-Assad in March 2011, the violence did not break.
         The fire started in Deraa, and Hama. Victims of violence  are now 25,000 dead, mostly civilians, according to the Syrian Observatory of Human Rights (OSDH), and forced more than 200,000 Syrians to flee to neighboring countries, according to the High Commissioner for Refugees of the UN (UNHCR).
         No end in sight due to the divergence between the West on the one hand claiming the departure of Bashar al-Assad, and the Russians, China and Iran on the other hand that promote dialogue between the government and opposition.
         What can Lakhdar Brahmi, the retired 78 years to bring peace to the country endangered?
"The world disgusts us"
chanted demonstrators in Deraa and they are right. We live in a pathetic world!

Dag Hammarskjöld, a hero whose sacrifice did not  guarantee peace in the Congo.

         October 24, 2010, I described the circumstances in which death is the first victim of impossible missions of the UN, the second Secretary-General of the United Nations, Dag Hammarskjöld (1905-1961), resulting in death, six Swedish crew's aircraft, the DC-6 B Albertina, shot by European mercenaries in Ndola (Zambia) September 17, 1961.
         In his team were also German-American ethnologist, Heinrich A. Wieschhoff, American Vladimir Fabry American William Ranallo, Miss Alice Lalande, the American Harold M. Julien, French, Serge L. Barrau, Swedes Hjetle, and P. E. Persson.
         He knew the character twisted Moise Tshombe, he knew surrounded by "Ugly Belgian
", desperate to retain power in Congo.
He knew that his mission was dangerous and that he would probably never living in Katanga. He decided only by his conscience to perform this task "Impossible"
because the bomb was hidden in the undercarriage of the aircraft. He had escaped the explosion, a mercenary was instructed to liquidate him ... more Moise Tshombe be ready to make his prisoner and demand the withdrawal of ONUC Katanga.
         "The mission was dangerous physically and politically delicate. Moise Tshombe, the puppet of the Belgians and British were surrounded by a mob International paid to torpedo the efforts of the UN to bring peace to the Congo, "
says Sture Linnér, his diplomatic adviser to the Congo, years later.
         His Christian faith could not only guarantee him survival, a miracle that has never occurred. Therefore, he prayed silently during night flight Kinshasa-Ndola. Which allowed the general Norwegian Bjorn Egge to identify his body was his favorite book "The Life of Jesus,"
he holds in his right hand bleeding. which had slipped the text of his oath April 10, 1953.
         He came to inaugurate the Peace suicide missions of United Nations.

Alioune Blondin Beye, who died tragically in a plane crash suspect in the name of peace in Angola.

         As Dag Hammarskjöld in 1961, the UN Special Representative in Angola, Alioune Blondin Beye, Malian lawyer was killed with seven of his colleagues. The Togolese Koffi Adjovi, Chadian Mr. Beandegar Dessande, the Senegalese Amadou Moctar Gueye, Nigerian Ibikunle Williams, Portuguese Alvaro Costa and their drivers, the South Africans Jason Hunter and Andrew McCurrach, June 26, 1998 in a plane crash in Côte d'Ivoire.
         "A man of peace dynamic and dedicated" according to the seventh Secretary-General of the United Nations, Kofi Annan.
         He was on a mission to seek diplomatic support to the peace process in Angola. Lawyer and expert in international law, he was Foreign Minister of Mali from 1978 to 1986 and top part of the African Development Bank (AfDB) before being appointed Special Representative of the United Nations in Angola.
         "When Boutros Boutros Ghali, then Secretary General of the UN one day he phoned to tell him he wanted to appoint him as his Special Representative in Angola," he told the widow that night, he told me: “It is a suicide mission. "
         "But despite the complexity and difficulty of the mission, he accepted and jumped on a plane to New York without hesitation. Because he was a man of faith to which the sense of honor and the requirement of a job well done had value oath, "said his widow, Kadiatou Sali Beye on the tenth anniversary of his death on July 8 2008.
         Upon his arrival in Angola in June 1993, the war between the government of Angola Jose Eduardo Santos and the rebel National Union for the Total Independence of Angola (UNITA) Jonas Savimbi resumed. He managed to convince both sides to resume talks after a year of tough negotiations signed by the Lusaka Protocol in November 1994. It required all the diplomacy of this man of peace and conviction to bring the protagonists to meet their commitments.
         Ivorian villagers who witnessed the incident said they saw the twin Blondin Beye to explode in midair. But aviation experts have confirmed that the aircraft met the safety requirements. So there was an explosive device edge. Who benefited if this crime to Jonas Savimbi who had an interest to continue a war that had made his fortune? The survey which investigated?
         The first anniversary of his tragic death with his colleagues in New York, Secretary-General Kofi Annan was content to pay a tribute to the "fallen colleagues in the service of peace"
and hoped that one day the Angola united and in peace, and finally they do not die for nothing.

Sergio Vieira de Mello, the last crossover.

         Before the building of the United Nations Commission in Geneva throne bust the last UN envoy in Iraq, Sergio Vieira de Mello, United Nations Award in the field of human rights in 2003.
         In 2011, the Italian city of Bologna has dedicated a new place a modern. The former High Commissioner of the United Nations Human Rights is the last martyr of peace in Iraq August 19, 2003. He was born in Rio de Janeiro March 15, 1948.
         "He was afraid and did not want this mission impossible"
according to New York Magazine. Why did he finally agreed to be Special Representative of the Secretary-General for Iraq in May 2003 after 34 years of distinguished career at the UN?
         Especially under the direct influence of  american President George W. Bush and his Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice that Iraqi extremists particularly disliked?
         And Abu Musab al-Zarqawi, the leader of the terrorist organization Al-Qaeda could claim proudly explosion of the Canal Hotel in Baghdad as saying "Vierira Sergio de Mello was murdered because he was a crusader who extract part of the land of Islam (East Timor). "
        
Certainly, he was Special Envoy of UNHCR in Phnom Penh, Cambodia in 1993, the Special Representative of the General Secretary for the Great Lakes region in Africa and in Kosovo in 1999, in Dili, East Timor in 2002, but it did nothing to see his last mission in suicide bombs of Al Qaeda in Baghdad in May to August 2003!
         Indeed, he was killed in the bombing of the Canal Hotel in Baghdad with 20 other members of his staff August 19, 2003, at work. Before his death, this brilliant doctor in philosophy from the       Sorbonne, son of a diplomat who had been around the world under the banner of the United Nations was considered a potential candidate for the post of Secretary General.
His successful career was never broken. Nothing can be forget Gilda Vieira de Mello, the beautiful smile that lit up the UN and the world, his son Sergio who rests in the cemetery of the kings in Geneva.

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