lundi 19 novembre 2012

The Story of Africa is it anonymous?

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The Story of Africa  is it anonymous?
      
       Since the dawn of time, the evolution of African history has baffled conquerors whose dream was to impose, often by force, their civilization in the known world in their time. The latter are often encountered where natural barriers stopped at the threshold of their prejudices, leaving Africa regain its ancestral values ​​and return to its apparent damage after their passage.
      
No period of world history has ignored the sunny continent, yet none has been completely upset his lifestyle. All the powers of history have tried to take Africa. In the eighteenth century BC. Before Christ, the Hyksos attempt to invade Egypt. In 663 BC. J.-C, the Assyrians destroyed its capital Thebes. In 525 and 404 BC., the Persian troops of Cambyses II threaten again. In 332, it was the turn of Alexander the Great conquers Egypt says that Ptolemy whose dynasty continues in power until the suicide of the beautiful Cleopatra VII in 30 BC. In 31 BC. it is the turn of the Romans. In 639 AD. begins the colonization of North Africa by the Arabs.
      
In the sixteenth century, the French writer François Rabelais (1494-1554) said that Africa's "always brings something rare."
       Indeed its great originality is this surprising ability to survive the most barbaric conquests, pandemics and sociopolitical upheavals fast (real disasters that often take longer sometimes elsewhere on the appearance of slaughter).
      
 Its central location, its immense natural wealth real or supposed, its generous climate, cultural diversity, the dynamism of its people, its adaptability to innovations made at all times, its inhabitants malleable and exploitable.
        Fantasies of all civilizations, all religions, all messianic and all ideologies, have found fertile ground because the African, his generous nature and his wealth or underutilized and / or have poorly developed always been considered at an exotic angle. The African Negro, touted as the worst off of all humans, even denying the soul, intelligence, history and basic human rights to better use.
      
Again in 1906, the Congolese pygmy Ota Benga  is exhibited in the Bronx Zoo in New York. For Dr. William T. Hornaday, convinced Darwinist, Ota Benga was the missing link between Dinah gorilla, orangutan Dohung and Man.
        Based on such aberrations, African art is primitive, its science, fantasy while her historicity is relegated to the field of paleontology and archeology.
        He is part of the prehistory because he did not write or pictographs (We thought!) to transcribe his past and his knowledge. And to study his habits, invent Anthropology, Ethnology, the Ethnohistory ...
        After five centuries of slavery, real human bleeding, the continent is somehow to undergo hundred and fifty years of colonization, since it is easier to exploit the man at the same time as its natural resources.
       Slavery, complemented by the European colonization of Africa, balance fifty years. And, as to finish in a bunch apocalyptic, the twentieth century has proven to be the most tragic of the second millennium of the Christian era. The scientific and technological advances often spectacular, to improve the quality of life and to bring people to the destruction paradoxically serve the greatest number in the shortest period of time.
       Never have so many lives are destroyed so savagely, as unnecessary and as quickly (as elsewhere in Africa) for random reasons like political ideologies, racial hatred, religious proselytism or simple conquest of temporal power.        The horror touches the heights unimaginable. If we compare the catastrophic twentieth century an earthquake, the epicenter is invariably in Western Europe. Like lava from a volcano brings both fertility and desolation, the epic European gives Africa the same time scientific and "benefits" of colonization and its avatars.
        Chased, sold, slaughtered, subject, civilized, cataloged, despised, colonized released ... Afro-pessimist wonders what can happen worse in Africa in the third millennium. The Afro-optimist, leaving the victory over colonialism (and its counterpart, the racial segregation) sees Africa democratized, the mirage of globalization and "chimeric" economic phasing boundaries imposed, the triumph of human rights and individual freedoms, an end to hegemony and inequality, the conquest of the word and power of women, etc..
        However, the fate of Africa in his forced march towards the future still lies somewhere between nightmare and dream of hope. Because everything that has been (and will be) made for African but it was (and will) always against him. "Awakened" Africa needs characters headlights as a symbol, cement or compensation.
        For centuries, the history of this continent was "anonymous" wrote the Polish journalist and writer Ryszard Kapuscinski. Despite the subtlety of intellectuals want to relegate to the fringes of civilization, its part in the march of world history more than ever remains immeasurable.

Introduction of “Biographical Dictionnary of Africa” by KANYARWUNGA I.N. Jean

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