samedi 20 juillet 2013

Great Lakes peace is at hand*.

 Cry, my beloved country!
Today, the Great Lakes region to see the scope of the things the people, tired of the war, yearn in vain for decades: the ability to silence the weapons to build trust and trade between neighboring countries to send millions of school children currently out of school, to empower women to work and create economic opportunities that will help countries to embark on the path of prosperity, good governance and lasting stability.
In the coming days, we will go to Uganda, the Democratic Republic of Congo (D.R.C.) and Rwanda to meet with leaders of the region and announced a series of specific commitments to accelerate the development and consolidation of peace. This joint visit, the first is linked to a very important new agreement, the Framework Agreement for peace, security and cooperation in the D.R.C. and the region.

Framework agreement for hope.

This agreement is the result of concerted efforts of the U.N., the International Conference on the Great Lakes Region, the Community Development Community (S.A.D.C.) and the African Union (A.U.). It is based on the following observation: to end the succession of devastating conflicts in the D.R.C., we must look at things from a new angle. It is not enough to manage crises and the effects of hostilities. 
We must address the root causes. Signed by 11 countries, the agreement provides that the regional leaders act with the support of the international community to try to solve the common problems of security and development. And as the commitments must be kept, it also provides for the creation of rigorous controls to help ensure that the results were achieved.
We believe that this comprehensive approach opens the D.R.C. and the Great Lakes region, the prospects for peace and development that they have not had for years. But this "framework agreement for hope", as called Mary Robinson, the U.N. .Special Envoy for the Great Lakes region, will require a lot of work.

The Condemned Generations.

A staggering number of people in the D.R.C. have less than $ 1.25 a day to live. More than 7 million children - one third of those who should be in school - do not have access to education. Some 2.4 million children suffer from acute malnutrition. Malaria, cholera and measles are rampant due to inadequate health care, the quality of water and sanitation. The roads are in terrible condition and electricity is expensive when there. The most common products must be imported. Some 6.3 million people depend on food aid.
Sexual violence remains a scourge across the country, and is regularly used as a weapon of war by the armed groups operating in the country. The lack of jobs and future prospects made the bed of crime. More than 3 million Congolese have fled to seek safety, 2.6 million are displaced within the country and 450,000 are refugees in neighboring countries.
This is mainly the leaders of the region will depend on peace, stability and economic growth. The United Nations system, including the World Bank Group, and the entire international community must support them. We pledge that our two organizations collaborate more closely, according to new formulas for the implementation of aspects of the Agreement relating to political issues and stability go hand in hand with economic development essential to peace and lasting stability.

Dividends of economic interdependence development.

         By boosting economic activity and creating livelihoods in border areas, promoting cross-border trade, gradually developing economic interdependence, fighting corruption and ensuring that natural resources are managed for the benefit of all, it is possible to gradually strengthen confidence and improve the quality of life, income level and future prospects. Other countries have shown that it is possible to recover from conflict and progress towards the Millennium Development Goals.
         We are now preparing for the post-2015 a new sustainable development program aimed at eradicating poverty. Many African countries are moving aggressively. The people of the DRC also deserves a real chance to move forward.
A peace agreement must pay dividends of peace. We need the people of the Great Lakes region to help them achieve their aspirations feed for so long: the end of the conflict, the education of children, the rights of women, access to health care and to sustainable sources of energy and income and prospects for all. It is for this reason that we are in the area. We see, on the horizon, hope for the peoples of the Great Lakes region, and we are determined to accompany them along the way.

By Ban Ki-moon Secretary General of United Nations  and Jim Yong Kim, president of the World Bank Group published on May 21, 2013.

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