jeudi 24 octobre 2013

Morocco: An amazigh bomb out of the polls in 2013.

 
There are twenty years ... Skalli Badia and Latifa Bennani Smires !

        
A Moroccan woman, old Istiqlalian, youth dares to present in legislative elections in 1984, she attracts the curiosity of passers-by who contemplate Istiqlal posters on the walls of Fez. Nobody gives her any chance of winning. Her name nor did Skalli Badia some confuse with the composer of the Moroccan national anthem.
        
As was to be expected: she fails miserably and Morocco of H.M. Hassan II closes the door of the political emancipation of women. The Mudawana, an archaic law that considers women as a minor still has good days ahead.
        
In his left, she was able to gain respect and serves on the Executive Committee in 1989. Rebelote, she occurs again in the elections of June 1993 and bingo, this time it's good, she was elected handily. She managed to convince her students and colleagues at the Faculty of Letters of the University where she teaches. Not only because she is a woman, but more importantly, she is a PhD graduate from 1980.

In Casablanca, another intellectual appears on the posters of the opposition!

        
She has more academic qualifications, but also she leads a teaching career mastery of Economics at the Faculty of Law in Rabat. And icing on the cake, she has a strange political history. In 1962, a year after the accession of King Hassan II to power in 1961, she adheres to the National Union of Students of Morocco, the spearhead of the National Union of Popular Forces of Mehdi Ben Barka, friend and confidant of the king, who will soon become his nemesis.

Constant victim of Mudawana!

        
When in 1965 a student strike becomes popular uprising, the Hassan II regime sends all her comrades of the committee of U.N.E.M. in prison except her, because she is a woman. Instead of rejoicing, she is deeply hurt. Damn Mudawana! She married, but loses her husband in a car accident three years later. This widowhood expensive her.
         In 1976, she is a candidate for U.N.F.P. in municipal elections. During his election campaign, the party forbidden to mention his status as a widow! She is not elected despite the sympathy of thousands of Moroccans. Also because of this archaic Mudawana! In the municipal 1983, she was elected in the electoral district of Maari in Casablanca, but she fails in the legislative elections of 1984.

Curiosities in the Moroccan Representive House.

        
On 25 June 1993, she was finally elected in Mohammedi-Derb Sultan in the district of Hay in Casablanca under the label of the Socialist Union of Popular Forces, while her colleague Skalli Badia triumph in Fez. Pioneers in the white male atmosphere of more than 300 men, curious and intrigued that hardly dare look at the cameras to avoid the wrath of their wives at home. Many believe that the Mudawana living its last days. Unfortunately not, the parenthesis  Skalli Badia/Bennani Smires is quickly closed. In 2004, it took the throne of Mohammed VI to see abolished Moudawama, but the transformation of royal decisions in constitutional laws and their application in everyday life take time.

In Morocco to break Mudawana must educate Moroccans first.

         Especially when it is defended by University, who do not suffer because of it every day! Like all political symbols, both disappear from the political scene without leaving much trace. Latifa Bennani Smires just managed to publish a book on ... “Moroccan cuisine” and to painfully adopt tobacco control legislation and hookah! Skalli Badia became secretary general of the Moroccan Organization against the culture of hatred (O.M.H.) in 2003.
        
In the municipal elections of 2003, in the absence of introduction of a quota, the feminization of local officials remained very limited, if not anecdotal: 6,024 women are candidates of 122,069 applicants and only 127 women were elected about 23,689 seats. None of them became president of a municipal council. And despite the introduction a year earlier of a national list for women.

Extraterrestrial Anti-Atlas to the antechamber of power!

        
To persuade me extraterrestrial origins, a Moroccan friend told me with a straight face that it is under the feet of the Atlas that was housed civilization of Atlantis. That was why Atlas of Greek Mythology " the man with the globe on his shoulders " gave the name to the Atlas Mountains in Morocco. Why not! It was there that Fatima Chahou ...
        
Fatima Chahou aka Tabaamrant Tatima Rayssa was born in 1963 in Bougafer, she spent her childhood in Ifrane, in the Anti-Atlas, in Berber tribe Ait Baamran located in south of Tanit. She lost her mother (poisoned)  very young. Working in the work field, alongside her stepmother, who submit to bullying and abuse, she attend any school than preparing to become a good wife. In 1979, the married very young and she fled a month after the wedding. She attended the itinerant Berber singers.

Illiterate, poet, composer and very popular even among intellectuals.

        
Sensitive, she becomes a poet and singer with the three tenors Jamaa El Hamidi, Said Achtouk and Lhadj Mohamed Demsiri, died in 1989. In the early 1990s, with her ​​ voice less acute than other Amazigh singers, she quickly became a professional singer, founder and president of his own company and sings his own poems in the following year. In 1994, a concert dedicated to the Amazigh music at the Opera Garnier in Paris, causes real riots. In 1996, she acquired her own recording studio with the help of a husband, that she has chosen. She sings thoughtful and meaningful topics such as the status of women, the claim of amazhiges cultural rights, social and moral criticism, etc... Her audio and video cassettes are appreciated by the Berbers of the Moroccan of South, Central and North, and also by the Algerian Berbers. In the early 1980s, she starred in an autobiographical film "Tihiya". She occurs in the major cultural events in North Africa and toured in Europe. In 2005, she received the award for best song tachelhit of the year (R.T.M.) for "Yaouit Yaouit".

From the musical scene to the Moroccan Parliament: Let all talking Amazigh now!

        
On 25 November 2013, she feels quite popular to enter politics. She presents the general elections under the banner of the party Rally of Independents (R.N.I.). During his campaign, she says that she wants to participate in the construction of a new Morocco, mainly after the significant gains contained in the new constitution (2004), giving prominence to the Amazigh culture, dedicating it as an official language. Besides his actions in this battle is that salvation includes all Amazigh, three fingers raised, Amazigh symbols (akal, awal, afgan "land, language, man").
        
Upon entering parliament, she expressed in Amazigh that most members do not understand. Since her election, the Moroccan parlement takes a special budget to reflect the Amazigh in Arabic! In fact, His Majesty Mohammed IV did he spoke Amazigh to understand Rayssa? Otherwise, he will be obliged to have an atrium under his white Jellaba.

The cross of Agadir crosses the Arab sand:  Moroccan Islamists have to behave themselves..
 
Her repertory is a real political program:
-The Amazigh , the peace of our God be with us.
-The salvation of our father on you is a good word.
-Amazigh, do not neglect your language.
-The Son of our country, you are all Amazigh.
-He grieves us, who has lost her child.
-He did not initiate the Amazigh language.
-Being brought home to discover its origin.
-He can not communicate with his family.
-Know you have the love of your culture.
-Let us help each other, that we may lead our task.

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