mardi 19 novembre 2013

Egypt/Tunisia: The African who invented the first pen with tank.

Al-Qâhiratu "The Victorious" or Cairo and the pen integrated tank!

         His name means nothing to you and you retain the sins of the few, because it is very long and complicated. Yet his invention has facilitated writing you in many ways. The oldest one know how painful it was to dip the pen in ink to write a letter. And most importantly, as ink stains to dirty our clothes! Especially when a prince had to sign a formal document to the audience of other princes, dressed in his finest attire! What horror, the task of ink on his jacket!
In addition, he built the city of
al Qâhira "The Victorious", nicknamed  “the city of a thousand minarets”, wearing today the name of Cairo, capital of Egypt, the largest city in Africa and the Middle East.. It is also called  Umm al-Dunya, meaning "The mother of the world" with a population of 6,76 million spread over 453 sqaure kilometers (with an additional 10 million inhabitants just outside the city).

Al-Mu’izz li-Din-Allah Ma’add Abu Tamim Ibn Ismaël al-Mansur (932-975).

         Born in Mahdia on the coast of Ifriqya (Tunisia) in 932. His name means "One who strengthens the religion of God". Caliph of the Shiite Fatimid dynasty ascended to the throne in 953, he established his dominance over the central Maghreb and undertakes jihad against Byzantium, Crete and Sicily. In 969, the army of general Jawhar conquered Egypt in the name and founded
the city of al-Qāhiratu « The Vanquisher » (Cairo) in 969 as the new capital of the Fāimid caliphate in Egypt. In 973, he went to Cairo, to lead from the new capital. Al-Muʻizz was renowned for his tolerance of other religions, and was popular among his Jewish and Christian subjects. He is also credited for having commissioned the invention of the first fountain pen. In 953, al-Muizz demanded a pen which would not stain his hands or clothes, and was provided with a pen which held ink in a tank. At his death in 975, his empire extends from Mecca and Medina to Syria and Byzantium through North Africa and Egypt. Later Coptic sources would further assert that this miracle led al-Muizz to convert to Christanity, and that he was baptized at the church of Saint Mercurius in Cairo in a baptismal font that continues to exist to this day, and which is known today as the Sultan's Baptistry.

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